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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4419 - πτερύγιον
Dim. of πτέρυξ, Arist. HA 615b30 .
II anything like a wing.
1 in pl., fins of fish, ib. 489b24, 504b30, IA 714a11; of the tail-flaps of a lobster, Id. HA 490a3, cf. 525b27, PA 684a13, GA 720b12; of certain sea-slugs, Id. HA 532b22, 24; fins of the sepia and other cuttle-fish, πτερύγι' . . σηπίας ὠπτημένα Sotad.Com. 1.16, cf. Alex. 187.3, Arist. HA 524a31, PA 685b16 .
2. horns of the horned owl, Id. HA 597b22 .
3. end or tip of the rudder, Poll. 1.90; of a pole, Hsch.
4. in a building, turret or battlement, or (as others) pointed roof, peak, Ev.Luke 4:9; cf. πτέρυξ 11.7 .
5. flap, fold (cf. πτέρυξ 11.4 ), Arist. Aud. 802a39, LXX Numbers 15:38, Ruth 3:9, Poll. 7.62; flap of a cuirass, Aen.Tact. 31.8; π. κρανῶν IG 22.1424a .399 (pl.).
6. in the body, part of the shoulderblade, Poll. 2.177; of the ear, parts joining the temples, ib. 85, Hsch.; of the nose, parts joining the cheeks, Poll. 2.80, Sor. 1.71, Gal. UP 11.12 .
7. Medic., disease of the eye when a membrane grows over it from the inner corner, Hp. Prorrh. 2.20, Cels. 7.7.4, Dsc. 1.108, Gal. 7.732.
8. fleshy excrescence on the nails, Cels. 6.19.1, Dsc. 1.110, Paul.Aeg. 6.85 .
9. pl.,= του = πνεύμονος τοῦ λοβοῦ τὰ ἄκρα, Hsch.
10. pl., flanges holding the projector of a torsion-engine, Ph. Bel. 54.23; on a κέστρος 11, Plb. 27.11.4 .
πτερύγιον , -ου , -τό
(dimin. of πτέρυξ ),
[in LXX chiefly for H3671;]
1. a little wing.
2. Anything like a wing, as a turret, battlement: τ . ἱεροῦ , Matthew 4:5, Luke 4:9.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
This Heb. word = ";hosts,"; ";armies"; (Romans 9:29 LXX, James 5:4) occurs as an invocation in the great Paris magical papyrus P Par 574.1235 (iii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 113) Ιαω Σαβαωθ, and in the amulet printed in Archiv i. p. 427 belonging to iii–v A.D.—
Κύριε Σαβαώθ, ἀπόστρεψον
ἀπ᾽ ἐμοῦ. οτον (?) νόσον τῆς
where Wilcken thinks that it cannot be determined with certainty whether it is the work of a Christian or a Jew or a Greek or an Egyptian. Cf. P Oxy VIII. 1152.2 (v/vi A.D.) with its magical, Jewish, and Christian elements—
Ωρωρ φωρ ἐλωεί,
ἀδωναεί, Ἰαὼ σα -
βαώθ, Μιχαήλ, Ἰεσοῦ
Χριστέ, βοήθι ἡμῖν
καὶ τούτῳ οἴκῳ. ἀ -
and ib. VII. 1060.4 (vi/A.D.), a Gnostic charm against reptiles and other ills—
Ἰαὼ σαβαὼθ ἀδονὲ. . . .
ἀπάλλαξον τὸν οἶκον τοῦτον
ἀπὸ παντὸς κακοῦ ἑρπετοῦ.
Also the leaden tablet, Wünsch AF No. 2 (ii/iii A.D.), on which is depicted an altar inscribed—Σε ̣ω ̣θη | Σαβαωθ | Σαβαωθ, the thrice repeated name of the Jewish God. See further Deissmann Urgeschichte p. 23, and Cheyne’s note on ";Lord Sabaoth"; in Exp III. i. p. 318f.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week of Advent