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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4419 - πτερύγιον

from a presumed derivative of (G4420)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
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  1. a wing, a little wing
  2. any pointed extremity
    1. of fins of fishes
    2. of part of a dress hanging down in the form of a wing
    3. of the top of the temple at Jerusalem
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3671 ‑ כָּנָף (kaw‑nawf');  5579 ‑ סְנַפִּיר (sen‑ap‑peer');  7098 ‑ קָצָה (kaw‑tsaw');  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πτερῠγ-ιον, τό,

Dim. of πτέρυξ, Arist. HA 615b30 .

II anything like a wing.

1 in pl., fins of fish, ib. 489b24, 504b30, IA 714a11; of the tail-flaps of a lobster, Id. HA 490a3, cf. 525b27, PA 684a13, GA 720b12; of certain sea-slugs, Id. HA 532b22, 24; fins of the sepia and other cuttle-fish, πτερύγι' . . σηπίας ὠπτημένα Sotad.Com. 1.16, cf. Alex. 187.3, Arist. HA 524a31, PA 685b16 .

2. horns of the horned owl, Id. HA 597b22 .

3. end or tip of the rudder, Poll. 1.90; of a pole, Hsch.

4. in a building, turret or battlement, or (as others) pointed roof, peak, Ev.Luke 4:9; cf. πτέρυξ 11.7 .

5. flap, fold (cf. πτέρυξ 11.4 ), Arist. Aud. 802a39, LXX Numbers 15:38, Ruth 3:9, Poll. 7.62; flap of a cuirass, Aen.Tact. 31.8; π. κρανῶν IG 22.1424a .399 (pl.).

6. in the body, part of the shoulderblade, Poll. 2.177; of the ear, parts joining the temples, ib. 85, Hsch.; of the nose, parts joining the cheeks, Poll. 2.80, Sor. 1.71, Gal. UP 11.12 .

7. Medic., disease of the eye when a membrane grows over it from the inner corner, Hp. Prorrh. 2.20, Cels. 7.7.4, Dsc. 1.108, Gal. 7.732.

8. fleshy excrescence on the nails, Cels. 6.19.1, Dsc. 1.110, Paul.Aeg. 6.85 .

9. pl.,= του = πνεύμονος τοῦ λοβοῦ τὰ ἄκρα, Hsch.

10. pl., flanges holding the projector of a torsion-engine, Ph. Bel. 54.23; on a κέστρος 11, Plb. 27.11.4 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πτερύγιον, πτερυγίου, τό (diminutive of πτέρυξ, which see), the Sept. for כָּנָף;

1. a wing, little wing.

2. any pointed extremity (of the fins of fish, סַנְפִּיר, Leviticus 11:9-12; Deuteronomy 14:9, 10; Aristotle, Theophrastus; of a part of the dress hanging down in the form of a wing, Ruth 3:9; 1 Samuel 24:5; (Numbers 15:38); Pollux 7, 14, 62): τό πτερύγιον τοῦ ναοῦ and τοῦ ἱεροῦ, the top of the temple at Jerusalem, Hegesippus (circa ) quoted in Eusebius, h. e. 2, 23, 11; τοῦ ἱεροῦ, Matthew 4:5; Luke 4:9; some understand this of the top or apex of the sanctuary (τοῦ ναοῦ), others of the top of Solomon's porch, and others of the top of the Royal Portico; this last Josephus (Antiquities 15, 11, 5) says was of such great height ὡς εἰ ἀπ' ἄκρου τοῦ ταύτης τέγους ἄμφω συντιθεις τά βάθη διοπτευοι σκοτοδινιαν, οὐκ ἐξικνουμενης τῆς ὄψεως εἰς ἀμέτρητον τόν βυθόν; (cf. Recovery of Jerusalem, especially chapter v.).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πτερύγιον , -ου , -τό

(dimin. of πτέρυξ ),

[in LXX chiefly for H3671;]

1. a little wing.

2. Anything like a wing, as a turret, battlement: τ . ἱεροῦ , Matthew 4:5, Luke 4:9.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This Heb. word = ";hosts,"; ";armies"; (Romans 9:29 LXX, James 5:4) occurs as an invocation in the great Paris magical papyrus P Par 574.1235 (iii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 113) Ιαω Σαβαωθ, and in the amulet printed in Archiv i. p. 427 belonging to iii–v A.D.—

Κύριε Σαβαώθ, ἀπόστρεψον

ἀπ᾽ ἐμοῦ. οτον (?) νόσον τῆς

κεφαλ [ῆς

where Wilcken thinks that it cannot be determined with certainty whether it is the work of a Christian or a Jew or a Greek or an Egyptian. Cf. P Oxy VIII. 1152.2 (v/vi A.D.) with its magical, Jewish, and Christian elements—

Ωρωρ φωρ ἐλωεί,

ἀδωναεί, Ἰαὼ σα -

βαώθ, Μιχαήλ, Ἰεσοῦ

Χριστέ, βοήθι ἡμῖν

καὶ τούτῳ οἴκῳ. -


and ib. VII. 1060.4 (vi/A.D.), a Gnostic charm against reptiles and other ills—

Ἰαὼ σαβαὼθ ἀδονὲ. . . .

ἀπάλλαξον τὸν οἶκον τοῦτον

ἀπὸ παντὸς κακοῦ ἑρπετοῦ.

Also the leaden tablet, Wünsch AF No. 2 (ii/iii A.D.), on which is depicted an altar inscribed—Σε ̣ω ̣θη | Σαβαωθ | Σαβαωθ, the thrice repeated name of the Jewish God. See further Deissmann Urgeschichte p. 23, and Cheyne’s note on ";Lord Sabaoth"; in Exp III. i. p. 318f.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πτερύγια πτερυγιον πτερύγιον πτερύγιόν πτερυγίου πτερυγίων pterugion pterygion pterýgion
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