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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #442 - ἀνθρώπινος

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G444)
Parts of Speech
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  1. human
    1. applied to things belonging to men
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 582 ‑ אֱנוֹשׁ (en‑oshe');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (7)
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
James 1
1 Peter 1
NAS (10)
Acts 1
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 5
James 1
1 Peter 1
CSB (7)
Acts 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 3
James 1
1 Peter 1
BSB (7)
Acts 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 3
James 1
1 Peter 1
ESV (4)
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 3
WEB (6)
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
1 Peter 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀνθρώπ-ινος, η, ον, also ος, ον Pl. Lg. 737b:


1. of, from, or belonging to man, human, ἀ. βίος Philol. 11, cf. Hdt. 7.46; ἅπαν τὸ ἀ. all mankind, Id. 1.86; τὸ ἀ. γένος (v.l. φῦλον) Antipho 4.1.2, Pl. Phd. 82b; ἀ. κίνδυνοι, opp. θεῖοι, And. 1.139; ἀ. δίκη Lys. 6.20; ἀ. τεκμήρια, opp. omens, Antipho 5.81; τἀνθρώπινα human affairs, Pl. Tht. 170b, Arist. EN 1102b3 (v.l. -ικά) ἀνθρώπινόν τι παθεῖν die, IG 5(2), 266.20 (Mantinea, i B. C.), cf. PPetr. 1p.33 (iii B. C.), PRyl. 153.39 (ii A. D.); so ἐάν τι τῶν ἀ. περί τινα γένηται Epicur. Fr. 217.

2. human, suited to man, ἀνθρωπίνη δόξα fallible, human understanding, Pl. Sph. 229a; οὐκ ἀ. ἀμαθία super-human, monstrous folly, Id. Lg. 737b, etc.; ἀ. καὶ μετρία σκῆψις 21.41; οὐ χρὴ ἀνθρώπινα φρονεῖν ἄνθρωπον ὄντα Arist. EN 1177b32; ἀ. νοῦς Men. 482; ἀ. τὸ γεγενημένον X. Cyr. 5.4.19.

3. ἀνθρώπινα, τά, secular revenues, SIG 527.133; secular rites, opp. θῖνα, Leg.Gort. 10.43.

II Adv. ἀνθρωπίνως, ἁμαρτάνειν commit human, i.e. venial, errors, Th. 3.40; ἀνθρωπινώτερον more within the range of human faculty, Pl. Cra. 392b, D. 18.252; ἀνθρωπίνως ἐκλογίζεσθαι, i.e. with fellow-feeling, And. 2.6; humanely, gently, D. 23.70; ἀ. χρὴ τὰς τύχας φέρειν with moderation, Men. 816; εὐτυχίαν D.S. 1.60. Of the three forms, ἀνθρώπειος is used exclusively in Trag. and generally in Th. (but cf. 1.22); ἀνθρώπινος prevails in Comedy and in Prose from Pl. downwds. (though he uses ἀνθρώπειος no less frequently); ἀνθρωπικός is freq. in Arist. ἀνθρώπ-ιον, τό, = sq., E. Cyc. 185, Anaxandr. 34; paltry fellow, ὦ πόνηρ' ἀνθρώπια Ar. Pax 263, cf. X. Mem. 2.3.16, Cyr. 5.1.14, D. 18.242.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀνθρώπινος, ἀνθρωπίνῃ, ἀνθρώπινον (ἄνθρωπος), (from Herodotus down), human; applied to things belonging to men: χεῖρες, Acts 17:25 L T Tr WH; φύσις, James 3:7; or instituted by men: κτίσις, (which see 3), 1 Peter 2:13; adjusted to the strength of man: πειρασμός (R. V. a temptation such as than can bear), 1 Corinthians 10:13 (cf. Neander (and Heinrici) at the passage; Pollux 3, 27, 131 οὐκ ἄν τίς ὑπομενειεν, οὐκ ἄν τίς ἐνέγκῃ ... τό δέ ἐναντίον, κοῦφον, ἐυφορον, ὀιστον, ἀνθρώπινον, ἀνεκτον). Opposite to divine things, with the implied idea of defect or weakness: 1 Corinthians 2:4 Rec.; 13 (σοφία, originating with man); 1 Corinthians 4:3 (ἀνθρωπίνῃ ἡμέρα the judicial day of men, i. e. human judgment). ἀνθρώπινον λέγω, Romans 6:19 (I say what is human, speak as is usual among men, who do not always suitably weigh the force of their words; by this expression the apostle apologizes for the use of the phrase δουλωθῆναι τῇ δικαιοσύνη).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀνθρώπινος , -η , ον

(< ἄνθρωπος ),

[in LXX for H120, H582;]

human, belonging to man: χεῖρες , Acts 17:25; σοφία , 1 Corinthians 2:13; φύσις , James 3:7; κτίσις , 1 Peter 2:13 (MM, VGT, s.v.); . ἡμέρα , opp. to ἡ ἡμ . (1 Corinthians 3:13, God's Judgment-Day), human judgment, 1 Corinthians 4:3 (v. Lft., Notes, 198); πειρασμὸς ἀ ., temptation such as man can bear (AV, such as is common to man, v. Field, Notes, 175), 1 Corinthians 10:13; ἀνθρώπινον λέγω , I speak in human fashion, with words not properly weighed, Romans 6:19 (v. Field, Notes, 156).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This significant adj. is found in Wilcken Ostr. ii. no. 1218 (Rom.) μέλη ἰαικὰ (l. ἰατρ.) ἀνθρώπι (να), with reference apparently to certain healing charms. In wills of the Ptolemaic period ἀνθρώπινόν τι πάσχειν is the stereotyped form for ";to die,"; e.g. P Petr I. 11.9 ff. (the will of a cavalry officer) ἐὰν δέ τι ἀνθρώπινον πάθω καταλείπω τ [ά μοι ὑπάρχοντα ἐγ ] τοῦ βασιλικοῦ καὶ τὸν ἵππον καὶ τὰ ὅπλα κτλ. : cf. also the important marriage contract P Gen I. 21.15 (ii/B.C.) ἐὰν δέ τις αὐτῶν ἀνθρώπινόν τι πάθῃ καὶ τελευτήσῃ κτλ., and BGU IV. 1149.34 (a loan—B.C. 13) ἐὰν δὲ συνβῇ τὸν δοῦλον διαδρᾶναι η ̣̃καὶ παθεῖν τι ἀνθρώπινον, καὶ οὕτως εἶναι τὰ ὀφιλόμενα ἀκίνδυνα κτλ. So P Tebt II. 333.11 (A.D. 216), Syll 633.13 (Rom.—note the unusual present πάσχῃ), etc. Various uses of the adj. are illustrated in Syll : thus 347.8 (B.C. 48), an Asian decree in honour of Julius Caesar, τὸν ἀπὸ Ἄρεως καὶ Ἀφροδε [ ]της θεὸν ἐπιφανῆ καὶ κοινὸν τοῦ ἀνθρωπίνου βίου σωτῆρα, 365.10 (c. A.D. 37)—a grandiloquent adulatory oration from Cyzicus—θεῶν δὲ χάριτες τούτῳ διαφέρουσιν ἀνθρωπίνων διαδοχῶν, ᾧ ἢ νυκτὸς ἥλιος κτλ., 462.30 (iii/B.C., Crete) καὶ θί [νων (";divine";) κ ]αὶ ἀνθρωπίνων πάντων (cf. 722.33), 463.132 (late iii/B.C.) οἱ ἐ [ρ ]ευταὶ οἱ τῶν ἀνθρωπίνων, ";the comptrollers of secular revenues";. The strong pervading antithesis with ";divine"; in the uses of this word lends emphasis to such a phrase as . κτίσις in 1 Peter 2:13 (where see Hort). It is MGr.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ανθρωπινη ανθρωπίνη ἀνθρωπίνῃ ανθρωπινης ανθρωπίνης ἀνθρωπίνης ανθρωπινον ανθρώπινον ἀνθρώπινον ανθρωπινος ανθρώπινος ανθρώπινός ἀνθρώπινος ανθρωπίνου ανθρωπινων ανθρωπίνων ἀνθρωπίνων anthropine anthrōpinē anthropínei anthrōpínēi anthropines anthropínes anthrōpinēs anthrōpínēs anthropinon anthropínon anthrōpinon anthrōpinōn anthrōpínōn anthrṓpinon anthropinos anthrōpinos anthrṓpinos
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