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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #446 - ἀνθύπατος
- a proconsul
- the emperor Augustus divided the Roman provinces into senatorial and imperial. The former were governed by proconsuls; the later by legates of the emperor, sometimes called propraetors
I proconsul, Lat. pro consule, Plb. 28.5.6, Acts 13:7, etc., freq. in Inscrr. as SIG 684.3, and Pap. as Sammelb. 3924.32 (i A. D.); στρατηγὸς ἀ. SIG 704 K, etc.
II as Adj., proconsular, ἐξουσία D.H. 9.16; ἀρχή Id. 11.62.
ἀνθύπατος -ου , ὁ
(ἀντί , ὕπατος , altern. for ὑπέρτατος ),
supreme, a consul, one acting in place of a consul, a proconsul, the administrator of a senatorial province (cf. ἡγεμών , and v. MM, VGT, 44): Acts 13:7-8; Acts 13:12; Acts 18:12; Acts 19:38.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Syll 656.2 (ii/A.D.) presents Gaius Papillius Carus Pedo ἀνθύπατος replying to a resolution of the Ephesian Βουλή, who had referred him to his predecessors’ practice (τοὺς πρὸ ἐμ [οῦ ] κρατίστους ἀνθυπάτονς). Ib. 316.8 (ii/B.C.) has Q. Fabius Q. f. Maximus, ἀνθύπατος Ῥωμαίων, addressing the authorities of a town in Achaia. So passim, except in Egypt : since this country was governed by a prefect, we do not hear of proconsuls in the papyri.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany