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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4526 - σάκκος
- a sack
- a receptacle for holding or carrying various things, as money, food, etc.
- a course cloth, a dark course stuff made especially from the hair of animals
- a garment of the like material, and clinging to the person like a sack, which was wont to be worn (or drawn over the tunic instead of the cloak or mantle) by mourners, penitents, suppliants and also by those who like the Hebrew prophets, lead an austere life
σάκκος or σάκος, ὁ, v. sub fin.: —
coarse cloth of hair, esp. of goats' hair, σάκκος τρίχινος Revelation 6:12, cf. LXX Isaiah 50:3, Si. 25.17 .
II anything made of this cloth:
1 sack, bag, Hdt. 9.80, Ar. Ach. 745, Lys. 1209, Gal. 2.559,8.672: — as a measure, Ostr. 1096, al.
2. sieve, strainer, esp. for wine, Hippon. 57, Poll. 6.19; ς. τρίχινοι PHamb. 10.39 (ii A.D.) .
3. coarse garment, sackcloth, worn as mourning by the Jews, LXX Genesis 37:34, Ev.Luke 10:13, J. BJ 2.12.5, cf. Plu. 2.239c.
III coarse beard, like rough hair-cloth, σάκον πρὸς ταῖν γνάθοιν ἔχειν Ar. Ec. 502; cf. σακεσφόρος 11 . — The form σάκος is said to be Att., Ael.Dion. Fr. 296, Phryn. 229, Moer. p.354 P., Thom.Mag. p.344 R., etc.; while σάκκος is called Dor. by Phryn. l.c., Hellenic by Moer. and Thom.Mag. ll.cc., Comic by Poll. 7.191 . In Ar. Ach. 822, Ec. 502, σάκος is required by the metre, as is σάκκος in Ach. 745 ( Megarian ), and in Hippon. l.c.; codd. of Hdt. give σάκκος . Inscrr. have σάκος IG 22.1672.73,74, 108 and σάκκος ib.198: Papyri have σάκος PCair.Zen. 753.27 (iii B.C.), UPZ 84.52 (ii B.C.), but oftener σάκκος PSI 4.427.1, 14 (iii B.C.), PTeb. 116.3 (ii B.C.), etc. (Prob. the word, like the thing, was borrowed from Phoenicia, cf. Hebr. saq. )
also written σάκος , -ου , ὁ
(cf. Heb. H8242, which it renders in LXX),
1. a coarse cloth, sackcloth, usually made of hair: Revelation 6:12.
2. Anything made of sackcloth;
(a) a sack (Genesis 42:25, al.);
(b) a garment of sackcloth, expressive of mourning or penitence: Matthew 11:21, Luke 10:13, Revelation 11:3.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";dig,"; is confined in the NT to Luke (Luke 6:48; Luke 13:8; Luke 16:3). Exx. from the Κοινή are common, e.g. PSI VI. 672.3 (iii/B.C.) ἐργάταις τοῖς σκάπτουσιν ἐν τῆι ἄμμωι, P Magd 27.4 (B.C. 218) θεμέλιον σκάπτων ὥστε οἰκοδομεῖν, BGU IV. 1120.30 (B.C. 5) σκ ]α ̣π ̣τ ̣οντας καὶ ποτίζοντας, P Fay 110.8 (A.D. 94) τὰ κύκλωι τοῦ ἐλαιουργίου ἔξωθεν σκάψον ἐπὶ βάθος, ";dig A deep trench round the oil-press outside"; (Edd.), BGU I. 14ii. 18 (A.D. 255) σκάπτοντες ἐν χωρίῳ, and from the inscrr. Syll 531 (= .3963).9 (iv/B.C.) ἀμπέλους δ [ὲ σκ ]άψει δίς.
For σκαφητός, a preliminary digging, see P Cornell 25 recto.13 (B.C. 28–23), and P Oxy XIV. 1631.10 (A.D. 280), and for a new word σκάφητρος, ";a digging,"; see P Fay 112.2, .16 (A.D. 99), and P Ryl II. 245.21 (iii/A.D.) ἐπ [ὶ ] σκάφητρον τῶν ἐλαιώνων. Σκαφεῖον, ";a hoe,"; occurs in P Tebt I. 45.39 (B.C. 113), ib. 47.36 (B.C. 113), MGr σκάφτω, σκάβω, ";excavate,"; ";dig out.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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