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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4532 - Σαλήμ

of Hebrew origin (H8004)
Parts of Speech
proper locative noun
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Salem = "peace"
  1. the place where Melchizedek was king and thought to be the ancient name of Jerusalem
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 8003 ‑ שָׁלֵם (shaw‑lame');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (2)
Hebrews 2
BSB (2)
Hebrews 2
CSB (1)
Hebrews 2
ESV (2)
Hebrews 2
KJV (2)
Hebrews 2
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (2)
Hebrews 2
N95 (2)
Hebrews 2
NAS (2)
Hebrews 2
NLT (2)
Hebrews 6
WEB (2)
Hebrews 2
YLT (2)
Hebrews 2
Thayer's Expanded Definition

Σαλήμ, (Heb. שָׁלֵם), Salem: Hebrews 7:1f; cf. Genesis 14:18, which some (as Gesenius, Winer, Hitzig, Knobel, Delitzsch) think is the ancient name of the city of Jerusalem, appealing to the words of Psalm 76:3 סֻכּו בְּשָׁלֵם וַיְהִי, and Josephus, Antiquities 1, 10, 2 τήν μέντοι Σολυμα ὕστερον ἐκάλεσαν Ἱεροσόλυμα; cf. b. j. 6, 10. But more correctly (yet cf. B. D. under the word , and under the word under the end) others (as Rosenmüller, Bleek, Tuch, Roediger in Gesenius Thesaurus under the word, p. 1422, Dillmann), relying on the testimony of Jerome ((Ep. ad Evangelum § 7 i. e.) Epistle 73 in Vallarsi's edition of his works, i., p. 446), hold that it is the same as Σαλείμ (which see). For the ancient name of Jerusalem was יְבוּס (Judges 19:10; 1 Chronicles 11:4; (cf. B. D. American edition, under the word )), and the form of the name in Psalm 76:3 (where the Sept. εἰρήνη) is to be regarded as poetic, signifying 'safe.'

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

Σαλήμ ,

(Heb. H8003 Genesis 14:18),

Salem: Hebrews 7:1-2 (LXX).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";a vessel"; (Romans 9:21 al.). This common noun is used with a variety of applications, e.g. P Eleph 14.21 (iii/B.C.) ἔκ τ ̣ε ̣ κ ̣τ ̣ηνῶν καὶ σκευῶν, P Petr III. 107 (d)i. 25 (iii/B.C.) fares are paid for the conveyance τῶν Ἀγήνορος σκευῶν, ";of Agenor’s furniture,"; P Ryl II. 138.23 (A.D. 34) ἐρίων σταθμία ι ̄ε ̄ καὶ ἕτερα σκεῦη, ";15 measures of wool, as well as other implements,"; P Oxy I. 105.4 (A.D. 117–137) σκεύη καὶ ἔπιπλα, ";movables and household stock,"; P Tebt II. 381.13 (A.D. 123) (= Selections, p. 78) σκεύηι καὶ ἐνδομενίαν καὶ ἱματισμόν, ";utensils and household-stock and clothing,"; and P Grenf II. 77.14 (iii/iv A.D.) (= Selections, p. 120) χάριν τῶν σκευῶν αὐτοῦ, ";on account of his goods.";

For σκεῦος = ";(a ship’s) tackle,"; as in Acts 27:17, cf. P Cairo Zen I. 59031.10 (B.C. 258) ἀδύνατογ γάρ μοι δ ̣ο ̣κεῖ ει ̣͂̔ναι ἄνευ τῶν ἀναγκαίω ̣ν σκευ ̣ῶν πλεῖν τὰ πλοῖα, and Syll 537 (= .3969).3 (B.C. 347–6) σ ]υνγραφαὶ τῆς σκευοθήκης τῆς λιθίνης τοῖς κρεμαστοῖς σκεύεσιν. In the new uncanonical gospel, P Oxy V. 840.14, τὰ ἅγια σκεύη are ";the holy vessels"; of the temple : cf. Hebrews 9:21. See also Plut. Mor. 812 σκεῦος ἱερόν. On σκεῦος = ";body"; rather than ";wife"; in 1 Thessalonians 4:4, see Milligan ad l.

For the dim. σκευάριον see P Lond 46.211 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 72) σκευάριον καλλάϊνον μικρό (ν), and for σκευασία P Leid Xv. 33 (iii/iv A.D.) (= I. p. 217) χρυσοκόλλου σκευσία (l. σκευασία.)

In P Petr II. 13 (10).5 (B.C. 258–253) Deissmann (BS p. 158) understands σκεοφύλακα as = σκευοφύλακα, ";keeper of baggage"; (cf. ib. 5 (a).3), and in P Amh II. 62 (ii/B.C.) three persons called Ἀπολλώνιος are distinguished as ";the dark"; (μέλας), ";the fair"; (λευκός), and ";the baggage-carrier"; (σκευοφ (όρος)).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
Σαλημ Σαλήμ Salem Salēm Salḗm
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