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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4531 - σαλεύω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G4535)
Parts of Speech
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  1. a motion produced by winds, storms, waves, etc
    1. to agitate or shake
    2. to cause to totter
    3. to shake thoroughly, of a measure filled by shaking its contents together
  2. to shake down, overthrow
    1. to cast down from one's (secure and happy) state
    2. to move, agitate the mind, to disturb one
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1607 ‑ גָּעַשׁ (gaw‑ash');  2111 ‑ זוּעַ (zoo'‑ah);  2151 ‑ זָלַל (zaw‑lal');  2342 ‑ חוּל (khool, kheel);  2648 ‑ חָפַז (khaw‑faz');  3921 ‑ לֶכֶד (leh'‑ked);  4127 ‑ מוּג (moog);  4128 ‑ מוֹד (mood);  4191 ‑ מוּת (mooth);  4549 ‑ מָסַס (maw‑sas');  4571 ‑ מָעַד (maw‑ad');  5110 ‑ נוּד (nood);  5120 ‑ נוּט (noot);  5128 ‑ נוּעַ (noo'‑ah);  5186 ‑ נָטָה (naw‑taw');  5493 ‑ שׂוּר (soor, soor);  6030 ‑ עָנָה (aw‑naw');  6426 ‑ פָּלַץ (paw‑lats');  6813 ‑ צָעַן (tsaw‑an');  7264 ‑ רָגַז (raw‑gaz');  7369 ‑ רָחֵק (raw‑khake');  7477 ‑ רָעַל (raw‑al');  7481 ‑ רָעַם (raw‑am');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (17)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 4
Acts 5
2 Thessalonians 2
Hebrews 3
NAS (16)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 5
Acts 4
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 3
CSB (15)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 4
Acts 4
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 3
BSB (15)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 4
Acts 4
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 3
ESV (12)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 3
Acts 3
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 3
WEB (19)
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 4
Acts 5
2 Thessalonians 2
Hebrews 4
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σαλ-εύω, fut. σαλεύσω LXX Wi. 4.19: aor. ἐσάλευσα Isoc. 8.95, AP 11.83: Pass., fut. σαλευθήσομαι LXX Si. 16.18, Ev.Luke 21:26 : aor. ἐσαλεύθην LXX 1 Maccabees 9:13, Acts 4:31, 2 Thessalonians 2:2, v.l. in Isoc. l.c.: pf. σεσάλευμαι (v. infr.): ( σάλος ):

cause to rock, make to vibrate or oscillate, c. acc., [ τὰς ἀγκύρας] οὐδεὶς χειμὼν σαλεύει Pythag. ap. Stob. 3.1.29; ς. τρικυμίᾳ πέδον, of the sea, Lyc. 475; of an earthquake, AP 11.83 ( Lucill. ), cf. 259 (Id.): metaph., δόξαν ς . Plu. 2.1123f, cf. S.E. M. 8.56, 337, etc.; ς. τινὰ ἐκ θεμελίων LXX Wi. 4.19; ἐπιστολαὶ δυνάμεναι λίθον σαλεῦσαι heartrending, POxy. 528.12 (ii A.D.); ς. τοὺς ὄχλους stir them up, Acts 17:13, cf. LXX Si. 28.14: Pass., to be shaken to and fro, waver, totter, reel, χθὼν σεσάλευται A. Pr. 1081; κύκλος σαλευόμενος Pl. Ti. 79e, cf. Arist. Mech. 857a7, Thphr. Lass. 11; of teeth or nails, to be loosened, Gal. 12.871, Dsc. 5.3; of persons, ἐκ Βρομίου γυῖα σαλευόμενον AP 11.26 ( Marc.Arg. ), cf. 12.31 ( Phan. ); ὑφ' ἡδονῆς σαλευομένη κορώνη Sch. Arat. 1009 (wrongly attributed to Archil., Fr. 102 ); later simply, stir, move, κατεσχέθην νόσῳ . . ὡς μὴ δύνασθαι μηδὲ σαλεύεσθαι PSI 4.299.4 (iii A.D.) .

2. shake in measuring, so as to give good measure, μέτρον σεσαλευμένον Ev.Luke 6:38; cf. σαλάσσω 11 .

II intr., move up and down, roll, toss, esp. of ships in a stormy sea or persons in them, ς. ἐν πλοίοις X. Oec. 8.17, cf. Hld. 10.4, etc.: generally, put out to sea, App. Mith. 77: metaph., toss like a ship at sea, to be tempest-tossed, be in sore distress, πόλις γὰρ . . ἄγαν ἤδη σαλεύει S. OT 23; πρόδοτος δὲ . . ς. Ἠλέκτρα Id. El. 1074 (lyr.); ὅταν . . σαλεύῃ πόλις E. Rh. 249 (lyr.), cf. OGI 515.47 (Mylasa, iii A.D. ); ἐν νόσοις ἢ γήρᾳ ς . Pl. Lg. 923b, cf. Arist. Pr. 883a34; ἐν κινδύνῳ ς . D.H. 10.11; ς. ὑπὲρ ἑαυτοῦ Ael. Fr. 48; to be unstable, Poll. 6.121; flicker, of the eye-balls in nystagmus, Gal. 18(2).68; oscillate, of the λόγος ἐνδιάθετος, ἐν τούτοις S.E. P. 1.65 .

2. of ships also, ἐπ' ἀγκυρῶν ride at anchor, Polyaen. 2.2.7: metaph., ὡς ἐπ' ἀγκύρας τῆς φύσεως ς . Plu. 2.493d; ς. ἐπὶ τῶν ἐλπίδων Hld. 1.26; also ὁρῶν ἡμᾶς ἐπὶ τούτῳ μόνῳ (sc. τῷ υἱῷ ) σαλεύοντας Plu. Demetr. 38; γραῦν ἐπὶ ἑνὶ γομφίῳ ς . Alciphr. 3.28, cf. POxy. 472.50 (ii A.D.); ἐπὶ τοιούτοις παραγγέλμασιν S.E. M. 2.12 (hence later in a causal sense, ς. ἐπί τινι τὰς ἐλπίδας anchor them upon . ., Hld. 2.33 ).

3. metaph., roll like a ship, roll in one's walk, of persons with the hip-joints far apart, Hp. Art. 56 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σαλεύω; 1 aorist ἐσάλευσα; passive, present participle σαλευόμενος; perfect participle σεσαλευμενος; 1 aorist ἐσαλευθην; 1 future σαλευθήσομαι; (σάλος, which see); from Aeschylus and Aristophanes down; in the Sept., passive σαλεύομαι for מוט and נוּעַ ;

a. properly, of the motion produced by winds, storms, waves, etc.; to agitate or shake: κάλαμον, passive, Matthew 11:7; Luke 7:24; to cause to totter, τάς δυνάμεις τῶν οὐρανῶν, passive, Matthew 24:29; Mark 13:25; Luke 21:26; τήν γῆν, Hebrews 12:26 (Isaiah 24:20; Amos 9:5); an edifice, Luke 6:48; Acts 4:31; Acts 16:26; τά μή σαλευόμενα, the things which are not shaken, i. e. the perfect state of things which will exist after the return of Christ from heaven and will undergo no change, opposed to τά σαλευόμενα, the present order of things subject to vicissitude and decay, Hebrews 12:27. To shake thoroughly, of a measure filled by shaking its contents together, Luke 6:38.

b. to shake down, overthrow, i. e. tropically, to cast down from one's (secure and happy) state, Acts 2:25 (from Psalm 15:8 ()); by a tropical use foreign to secular authors, to move or agitate the mind, to disturb one:τινα ἀπό τοῦ νως, so as to throw him out of his sober and natural mental state (Buttmann, 322 (277)), 2 Thessalonians 2:2; τούς ὄχλους, to stir up, Acts 17:13.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(< σάλος ),

[in LXX for H4131, H2111, etc.;]

prop., of the action of wind, storm, etc., to agitate, shake: of a reed, Matthew 11:7, Luke 7:24; a house, Luke 6:48, Acts 4:31; Acts 16:26; the earth, Hebrews 12:26; the heavenly bodies, Matthew 24:29, Mark 13:25, Luke 21:26; of a vessel shaken in filling, Luke 6:38. Metaph.,

(a) to shake, i.e. to render insecure: τὰ σαλευόμενα , τὰ μὴ ., Hebrews 12:27;

(b) c. acc pers., to cast down from a sense of security and happiness: Acts 2:25 (LXX);

(c) to unsettle or drive away: pass., seq. ἀπὸ τ . νοός , 2 Thessalonians 2:2;

(d) to stir up: τ . ὄχλους , Acts 17:13.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

σκευή, which is applied to the ";tackle"; of a ship in Acts 27:19, is used of a woman’s ";ornaments"; in P Lond 1164 (f).18 (A.D. 212) (= III. p. 161) γυναικιῶν αὐτῆς κοσμαρίων καὶ σκευῶν, and of ";household plenishing,"; ";goods,"; in BGU III. 775.6 (ii/A.D.) π ̣α ̣ρ ̣[α ]δέδωκά συ (l. σοι) μου τὸ κλεδιν (l. κλειδίον) τῆς ὐκίας (l. οἰκίας) μου ὑπὸ τὴν σκευήν.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εσαλευθη εσαλεύθη ἐσαλεύθη εσαλεύθησαν εσάλευσαν εσάλευσε εσαλευσεν εσάλευσεν ἐσάλευσεν σαλεύηται σαλευθή σαλευθηναι σαλευθήναι σαλευθῆναι σαλευθής σαλευθήσεται σαλευθησονται σαλευθήσονται σαλευθήτω σαλευθήτωσαν σαλευθω σαλευθώ σαλευθῶ σαλευθώσι σαλευομενα σαλευόμενα σαλευόμενοι σαλευομενον σαλευόμενον σαλευομενων σαλευομένων σαλεύονται σαλευοντες σαλεύοντες σαλευσαι σαλεύσαι σαλεῦσαι σαλεύων σεσαλευμενον σεσαλευμένον σεσάλευται esaleusen esáleusen esaleuthe esaleuthē esaleúthe esaleúthē saleuomena saleuómena saleuomenon saleuomenōn saleuoménon saleuoménōn saleuómenon saleuontes saleúontes saleusai saleûsai saleuthenai saleuthênai saleuthēnai saleuthē̂nai saleuthesontai saleuthēsontai saleuthḗsontai saleutho saleuthô saleuthō saleuthō̂ sesaleumenon sesaleuménon
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