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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4594 - σήμερον
Adv. to-day, Il. 7.30, Od. 17.186, E. Rh. 683, PHib. 1.65.13 (iii B.C.), SIG 1181.11 (Rhenea, ii B.C. ), Ev.Matthew 27:19, etc.; Dor. σάμερον [ᾱ] Pi. O. 6.28, P. 4.1; Att. τήμερον Cratin. 123, Ar. Eq. 68, etc., cf. Moer. p.364 P. (though σήμερον is sts. found in Com., Hermipp. 80, Philem. 121 ); εἰς τ . Pl. Smp. 174a; τὸ τ . ib. 176e; τὸ τ. εἶναι to-day, Id. Cra. 396e; ἡ τ. ἡμέρα D. 4.40; also in the form τήμερα Ar. Fr. 401 (s.v.l.), cf. 296 . (Prob. fr. κ y ᾱμερον, containing stem [kcirc ]yo- 'this', cf. Lith. šis 'this', Lat. ci-tra: σήμερον ( τήμερον ) is to ἡμέρα as σῆτες ( τῆτες ) to ἔτος .)
(Att.. τήμερον ),
[in LXX for H3117;]
to-day: Matthew 6:11, Luke 4:21, Acts 4:9, al.; opp. to αὔριον , Matthew 6:30, Luke 12:28, James 4:13; χθὲς καὶ σ . καὶ εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας , Hebrews 13:8; ἡ σ . ἡμέρα , Acts 20:20; ἕως (ἄχρι ) τῆς σ . ἡμέρας , Romans 11:8, 2 Corinthians 3:14; μέχρι (ἕως ) τῆς σ . (sc. ἡμέρας ), Matthew 11:23; Matthew 27:8; as subst., τὸ σ ., Hebrews 3:13; id. in appos., ὁρίζει ἡμὶραν , σ ., Hebrews 4:7 R, mg., (v. Westc., in l).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
found in the NT only in Judges 1:12, is generally understood as = ";rock,"; ";reef,"; in accordance with its poetic classical usage : cf. Kaibel 225.1 f. where it is said of a man who had precipitated himself from a rock—
Ὀστέα μὲν καὶ σάρκας ἐμὰς σπιλάδες διέχευαν
ὀξεῖαι, κρημνῶν ἅλμα ὑποδεξάμεναι.
Others prefer the rendering ";spot,"; ";stain,"; as if = σπίλος (q.v.), which is found in the parallel passage 2 Peter 2:13 : cf. Lightfoot Revision, p. 152 f. More recently A. D. Knox has shown good ground (JTS xiv. (1913), p. 547 ff., xvi. (1915), p. 78) for taking the word as an adj. with ἄνεμος understood, ";a dirty, foul wind,"; producing a correspondingly troubled and stormy effect on the water : cf. Isaiah 57:20.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Week of Proper 7 / Ordinary 12