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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4649 - σκοπός

Root Word (Etymology)
from skeptomai (to peer about ["skeptic"], perhaps akin to (G4626) through the idea of concealment, cf (G4629))
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. an observer, a watchman
  2. the distant mark looked at, the goal or end one has in view
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4307 ‑ מַטָּרָא (mat‑taw‑raw', mat‑taw‑raw');  4906 ‑ מַשְׂכִּית (mas‑keeth');  6822 ‑ צָפָה (tsaw‑faw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Philippians 1
NAS (1)
Philippians 1
CSB (1)
Philippians 1
BSB (1)
Philippians 1
ESV (1)
Philippians 1
WEB (1)
Philippians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σκοπ-ός, ὁ (also , Od. 22.396, Call. Del. 66 ): ( σκέπτομαι ):

one that watches, one that looks about or after things, παρὰ δὲ σκοπὸν εἷσεν Il. 23.359; γυναικῶν δμῳάων ς. ἐσσι, of a housekeeper, Od. l.c.: in Pi., of gods and kings, c. gen. loci, guardian, protector, Ὀλύμπου ς . O. 1.54; Δάλου 6.59; Μαγνήτων ς ., of Peleus, N. 5.27; τὸν ὑψόθεν ς., φύλακα βροτῶν A. Supp. 381 (lyr.); also σκοποὶ τῶν εἰρημένων S. Ant. 215 . one who watches or looks out to take advantage, Od. 22.156; watchful, jealous master, S. Aj. 945 .

2. mostly, lookout-man, watcher, stationed in some high place ( σκοπιά ) to overlook a country, esp. in war, Il. 2.792, Od. 16.365, X. Cyr. 3.2.1, 4.1.1, etc.; hence Ἠέλιον . . θεῶν ς. ἠδὲ καὶ ἀνδρῶν h.Cer. 62: also, game-watcher, X. Cyr. 1.6.40 .

3. spy, scout, Il. 10.324, 526, 561 (later κατάσκοπος ) ς. καὶ κατοπτῆρας στρατοῦ ἔπεμψα A. Th. 36, cf. E. Tr. 956; of a messenger who has been sent to learn tidings, S. OC 35, cf. Ph. 125; σκοπός, ναῶν κατόπτας E. Rh. 557 (lyr.).

II mark or object on which one fixes the eye, σκοπὸν ἄλλον, ὃν οὔ πώ τις βάλεν ἀνήρ, εἴσομαι αἴ κε τύχωμι Od. 22.6; ἀπὸ σκοποῦ away from the mark, 11.344; ἀπὸ ς. εἰρηκέναι, εἰρῆσθαι, Pl. Tht. 179c, X. Smp. 2.10; παρὰ σκοπόν Pi. O. 13.94; σκοπῷ ἐπέχειν τόξον to aim at it, ib. 2.89; σκοποῦ ἄντα τυχεῖν Id. N. 6.27; ἔκυρσας ὥστε τοξότης . . σκοποῦ A. Ag. 628; ὥστε τοξόται σκοποῦ, τοξεύετ' ἀνδρὸς τοῦδε S. Ant. 1033; ἄθλιον σκοπὸν ἐμοὶ ἀκοντίσας Antipho 3.3.6; ἐπὶ σκοπὸν βάλλειν X. Cyr. 1.6.29; παραλλάξαι τοῦ ς. καὶ ἁμαρτεῖν Pl. Tht. 194a; ἀποτυγχάνω τοῦ σκοποῦ Id. Lg. 744a .

2. metaph., aim, end, object, οὗτος . . δοκεῖ ὁ ς. εἶναι πρὸς ὃν βλέποντα δεῖ ζῆν Id. Grg. 507d; τὴν ἡδονὴν ς. ὀρθὸν πᾶσι ζῴοις γεγονέναι Id. Phlb. 60a; στοχάζεσθαι σκοποῦ Id. R. 519c; ς. τυραννικὸς τὸ ἡδύ Arist. Pol. 1311a4, etc.; σκοπός . . nihil praebere 'his little game' is to make no allowance, Cic. Att. 15.29.2, cf. Arg. 11 Ar. Eq. Medic., of healing, ἐπὶ τῷ πρώτῳ ς . by first intention (i.e. direct union), κατὰ δεύτερον ς . by second intention (i.e. granulation or scar tissue), Gal. 1.387, cf. 10.162.

3. contest in shooting at a mark, ς. ἱππέων, πεζῶν, IG 9(2).527.16,18 ( Larissa ).

III name of a dance, Eup. 446 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σκοπός, σκοποῦ, ((from a root denoting 'to spy,' 'peer,' 'look into the distance'; cf. also Latinspecio, speculum, species, etc.; Fick i., 251f; iv., 279; Curtius, § 111)); from Homer down;

1. an observer, a watchman.

2. the distant mark looked at, the goal or end one has in view: κατά σκοπόν (on this phrase see κατά, II. 1 c.), Philippians 3:14.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σκοπός , -οῦ , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H6822;]

1. a watcher, watchman (Ezekiel 3:17, al.).

2. a mark on which to fix the eye (Wisdom of Solomon 5:12; Wisdom of Solomon 5:21, al.). Metaph., of an aim or object: Philippians 3:14.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";a long robe"; : P Cairo Zen I. 59054.32 (B.C. 257) ῥίσκον ̣ [χ ]ω ̣ροῦντα ὅσον στ ̣[ο ]λὰς δέκα, ";a trunk containing as much as ten robes,"; P Oxy IV. 839 (early i/A.D.) ἦλθέ μοι γυμνὸς κεκινδυνευκώς. εὐθέως ἠγόρασα αὐτῶι στολήν, P Ryl II. 154.8 (A.D. 66) ἱμα [τὶω ]ν ̣ σ [τ ]ολὰ [ς ] δύο, P Oxy XII. 1449.13 (A.D. 213–17) στολὴ καλλαΐνη ";a green robe,"; and Syll 616 (=.3 1025).10 (a liturgical calendar from Cos—c. B.C. 300) ὁ δὲ ἱερεὺς. . ἔχων τὰ [ν στο ]λ [ ]ν τὰν ἱεράν.

For στόλισμα see P Tebt II. 598 (A.D. 176–191) βύσσου στολ (ίσματα), and for στολισμός (2 Chronicles 9:4 al., Aristeas 96) see BGU I. 1.3 (iii/A.D.) εἰς [τ ]ειμὴν ὀθονίων βυσσίνων στολισμῶ (ν).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σκοποί σκοπον σκοπόν σκοπὸν σκοπός σκοπού σκοπούς σκορόδα skopon skopòn
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