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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4648 - σκοπέω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G4649)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to look at, observe, contemplate
  2. to mark
  3. to fix one's eyes upon, direct one's attention to, any one
  4. to look to, take heed to thyself
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (8)
Luke 1
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 1
Philippians 2
NAS (7)
Luke 1
Romans 2
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Philippians 2
CSB (6)
Luke 1
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Philippians 2
BSB (6)
Luke 1
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Philippians 2
ESV (6)
Luke 1
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Philippians 2
WEB (7)
Luke 2
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Philippians 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


used by early writers only in pres. and impf. Act. and Med. (v. infr. 11), the other tenses being supplied by σκέπτομαι (q.v.): but in later writers we find fut. σκοπήσω, Anon. Prog. in Rh. 1.615 W., Gal. UP 3.10 (f.l.), ( ἐπι- ) Babr. 103.8, ( κατα- ) Hld. 5.4: aor. ἐσκόπησα Thphr. Sign. 1 ( προ- ), Plb. Fr. 54 (s.v.l.) ( περι- ), Lib. Or. 12.28, etc.: and of Med., aor. ἐσκοπησάμην ( περι- ) Luc. VH 1.32: pf. ἐσκόπημαι ( προαν- ) J. AJ 17.5.6: (cf. σκέπτομαι ): behold, contemplate (rather of particulars than of universals, of which θεωρέω is more commonly used, but οἱ τὸν ἥλιον ἐκλείποντα θεωροῦντες καὶ σκοπούμενοι Pl. Phd. 99d ), ἄστρον Pi. O. 1.5; πλοῦν μὴ 'ξ ἀπόπτου μᾶλλον ἢ 'γγύθεν σκοπεῖν S. Ph. 467, cf. E. IA 490; τὰ πόρρω Id. Rh. 482; τὰ ἔμπροσθεν X. An. 6.3.14(17); examine, inspect, καταθεῖναί τι . . σκοπεῖν τῷ βουλομένῳ IG 12(5).480 (Athenian law, v B.C. ); ς. παραγραφάς PLips. 38 ii 2 (iv A.D.): abs., ἄλλοσε ς . S. El. 1474; σκοπεῖτε look out, watch, A. Supp. 232, etc.: folld. by a clause, ς. ὅπου . . S. Ph. 16; ς. ποῦ . . X. Cyr. 3.2.1, etc.: folld. by a Prep., ς. εἰς . . E. Fr. 812.6, Pl. Plt. 305b .

2. metaph., look to or into, consider, examine, τὰ ἑωυτοῦ ς . look to one's own affairs, Hdt. 1.8; τὸ σεαυτοῦ Pl. Phdr. 232d; τὸ ὑμέτερον Antipho 4.2.8; καιρόν Th. 4.23; τὸ συμφέρον Pl. R. 342b sq.; τὸ πρὸς ποσί S. OT 130; τοὺς νόμους πρὸς τοὺς τῇδε with reference to the laws here, Pl. Ti. 24a; τι πρὸς ἐμαυτόν Id. Euthphr. 9c: abs., σκοπῶν εὕρισκον ἴασιν S. OT 68, cf. Ph. 282: folld. by an acc. and interrog. clause, or μή . ., ς. τὴν τελευτὴν κῇ ἀποβήσεται Hdt. 1.32, cf. S. Ph. 506, OT 407: folld. by an interrog. clause alone, ς. πόθεν χρὴ ἄρξασθαι And. 1.8; ς. εἰ . . S. Ant. 41, Pl. Lg. 862a ( Med. ); ὅπως . . X. Cyr. 2.2.26: sts. c. gen. pers. as well as acc. or clause, σκόπει δὴ τόδε αὐτῶν Pl. Tht. 182a; πρῶτον αὐτῶν ἐσκόπει πότερα . . X. Mem. 1.1.12: folld. by a Prep., ἐξ ὧν ἀγγέλλουσι σκοποῦντες λογιεῖσθε τὰ εἰκότα Th. 6.36, cf. 1.1, X. An. 3.1.13; πρὸς τὸ ἄρχειν σκοπῶν λογίζομαι Id. Cyr. 1.6.8; ς. τὰ λοιπὰ πρὸς ὑμᾶς αὐτούς Antipho 1.31; ἀνομολογούμενοι πρὸς ἀλλήλους Pl. R. 348b; τόδε περὶ αὐτοῦ ib. 351b, etc.; τὴν ὀρθολογίαν περί τι Id. Sph. 239b: with Adv., abs., ὀρθῶς ς . E. Ph. 155; καιρίως Id. Rh. 339; ἄμεινον Pl. Smp. 219a .

3. look out for, παῦλαν X. An. 5.7.32; τι ἀγαθόν Id. Hier. 9.10; νεώσοικον Ar. Ach. 96; ἐσκόπει γυναῖκά μοι Is. 2.18, cf. D. Ephesians 2:11; ς. ὄνομα κάλλιον αὐτῇ Plu. 2.991f .

II Med., used like Acts 1:1 (perh. implying a more deliberate consideration), c. acc., E. IT 68, Hel. 1537; τένοντ' ἐς ὀρθὸν ὄμμασι σκοπουμένη Id. Med. 1166 .

2. = 1.2, S. OT 964; ς. τύχας βροτῶν E. Fr. 262: folld. by relat., ς. τίνι τρόπῳ . . Pl. Smp. 176b, cf. Th. 8.48: περί τινος Pl. Prt. 353a, X. Hier. 1.10: abs., ἔνεστι τοῖσιν εὖ σκοπουμένοις ταρβεῖν . . S. Tr. 296 .

3. = 1.3, ὅτανπερ ἀδικεῖν ἐπιχειρῶσιν, ἅμα καὶ τὴν ἀπολογίαν σκοποῦνται Isoc. 21.17 . III rarely in Pass., σκοπῶν καὶ σκοπούμενος ὑπ' ἄλλων considering and being considered, Pl. Lg. 772d; ὁ λόγος . . αἰσχρὸς τοῖς σκοπουμένοις is disgraceful in the very matter considered, D. 20.54 (s.v.l., τοῖς ς . secl. Dobree).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σκοπέω, σκόπω; (σκοπός, which see); from Homer down; to look at, observe, contemplate. to mark: absolutely, followed by μή with the indicative (see μή, III. 2), Luke 11:35; τινα, to fix one's eyes upon, direct one's attention to, anyone: Romans 16:17; Philippians 3:17; σεαυτόν, followed by μή with the subjunctive to look to, take heed to thyself, lest etc. Galatians 6:1 (see μή, II. 1 b.); τί, to look at, i. e. care for, have regard to, a thing: 2 Corinthians 4:18; Philippians 2:4 (2 Macc. 4:5). (Compare: ἐπισκόπω, κατασκοπέω.) [SYNONYMS: σκοπεῖν is more pointed than βλέπειν; often equivalent to to scrutinize, observe. When the physical sense recedes, equivalent to to fix one's (mind's) eye on, direct one's attention to, a thing in order to get it, or owing to interest in it, or a duty toward it. Hence, often equivalent to aim at, care for, etc. Schmidt, Syn., chapter 11: Cf. θεωρέω, ὁράω.]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ακοπέω , -

(< σκοπός ),

[in LXX: Ezra 8:13, 2 Maccabees 4:5*;]

to look at, behold, watch, contemplate. Metaph., to look to, consider: c. acc rei, 2 Corinthians 4:13, Philippians 2:4; c. acc pers., Romans 16:17, Philippians 3:17; seq. μή , Luke 11:35; σεαυτόν , seq. μή (v. M, Pr., 192), Galatians 6:1 (cf. ἐπι -, κατα -σκοπέω ).†

SYN.: βλέπω G991, θεωρέω G2334, ὁράω G3708.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

From meaning ";am in rows,"; ";walk in line,"; στοιχέω came to be used metaphorically, ";walk by or in,"; as a rule of life : cf. Philippians 3:16 (Vg in eadem permaneamus regula). A striking parallel to Romans 4:12 is afforded by Syll 325 (= .3708).5 (ii/B.C.) where a certain Aristagoras is praised for walking in the steps of his father and forbears—καὶ αὐτὸς στοιχεῖν βουλόμενος καὶ τοῖς ἐκείνων ἴχνεσιν ἐπιβαίνειν : cf. ib. 929 (=.3685).18 (B.C. 139) τῆς δὲ συνκλήτου στοιχού [σης τῆι παρ᾽ ἑαυ ]τῆι πρ [ὸς πάντας ἀνθρώ ]πους ὑπαρχούσηι δικαιοσύνηι, and from the inscrr. Priene 112.113 (B.C. 84) στοιχεῖν τ [ῇ πρὸς τὸν δῆμον φιλαγαθίᾳ, and ib. 110.21 (i/B.C.) ταῖς κατὰ τὴν ἡλικίαν [ἀρεταῖς ] στοιχεῖν (see Rouffiac, p. 34). See also Musonius p. 102.9 στοιχεῖν ἀρίστῳ ὄντι τῷ λόγῳ Σωκράτους. The construction with the dat., as in the NT, is thus amply attested : cf. Blass Gr. p. 119.

The verb is common in the phrase στοιχεῖ μοι, ";agreed to by me,"; e.g. P Oxy I. 126.21 (A.D. 572) στοιχῖ μοι τὸ παρὸν ἐπίσταλμα, ib. VIII. 1137.5 (A.D. 562–3) στέχι με ̣ (l. στοιχεῖ μοι). Cf. also P Flor I. 65.22 (A.D. 570–1?) Αὐρήλιος. . . στοιχῖ τοῦτο τὸ γρ [αμμάτιον ὡς π ]ρόκειται, and BGU IV. 1020.17 (vi/A.D.) Ἀβραὰμ Φοι (βαμμῶνος) στοιχεῖ.

For the subst. στοῖχος, cf. P Oxy VIII. 1119.12 (A.D. 254) τοῦ στοίχου καταλαβόντος τὴν ἡμετέραν βουλὴν τῷ ἐνεστῶ [τι ἔτει, ";since the turn has come to our senate in the present year"; (Ed.), and for the compd. σύστοιχος, cf. BGU IV. 1205ii.9 (B.C. 28) οὐδὲ γὰρ σύνστοιχοι ἑατῶν [γ ]ίνεσθε, ";for you contradict yourselves.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σκοπει σκόπει σκοπειν σκοπείν σκοπεῖν σκοπειτε σκοπείτε σκοπεῖτε σκοπεύει σκοπεύοντες σκοπεύουσι σκόπευσον σκοπεύων σκοπήσασθαι σκοπιά σκοπιάν σκοπιάς σκοπιών σκοπουντες σκοποῦντες σκοπουντων σκοπούντων σκοπων σκοπών σκοπῶν skopei skópei skopein skopeîn skopeite skopeîte skopon skopôn skopōn skopō̂n skopountes skopoûntes skopounton skopountōn skopoúnton skopoúntōn
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