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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4704 - σπουδάζω

Transliteration
spoudázō
Phonetics
spoo-dad'-zo
Origin
from (G4710)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
7:559,1069
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to hasten, make haste
  2. to exert one's self, endeavour, give diligence
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 213 ‑ אוּץ (oots);  926 ‑ בָּהַל (baw‑hal');  2814 ‑ חָשָׁה (khaw‑shaw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (12)
Galatians
2
Ephesians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
2 Timothy
3
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
2 Peter
3
NAS (17)
Galatians
1
Ephesians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
2 Timothy
7
Titus
3
Hebrews
1
2 Peter
3
HCS (11)
Galatians
1
Ephesians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
2 Timothy
3
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
2 Peter
3
BSB (11)
Galatians
1
Ephesians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
2 Timothy
3
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
2 Peter
3
ESV (11)
Galatians
1
Ephesians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
2 Timothy
3
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
2 Peter
3
WEB (10)
Galatians
1
Ephesians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
2 Timothy
2
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
2 Peter
3
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σπουδάζω, S. OC 1143, Ar. Pax 471 (lyr.), etc.: Att. fut. -άσομαι Pl. Euthphr. 3e, D. 21.213, later -άσω Plb. 3.5.8, D.S. 1.58, etc.: aor. ἐσπούδασα E. HF 507, Pl. Phd. 114e: pf. ἐσπούδακα Ar. V. 694, Pl. Phdr. 236b, etc.: Med., fut. v. supr.: Pass., fut. σπουδασθήσομαι Ael. NA 4.13: aor. ἐσπουδάσθην Str. 17.3.15, Plu. Per. 24: pf. ἐσπούδασμαι Pl. Ly. 219e (v. infr.):

I intr.,

1. to be busy, eager to do a thing, c. inf., S. OC 1143, E. Hec. 817, Pl. Euthd. 293a, etc.; σπούδασον ἐλθεῖν . . ταχέως make haste . ., 2 Timothy 4:9; ὅτ' ἐσπούδαζες ἄρχειν wast eager to rule, E. IA 337 (troch.): c. part., ἐσπ. διδάσκων X. Oec. 9.1: freq. ς. περί τινος or τι, Id. Mem. 1.3.8, Pl. R. 330c, etc.; ὑπέρ τινος D. 59.77; εἰς τὰ σά Id. 21.195; πρός τι Id. 22.76; ἐπί τισι X. Mem. 1.3.11, cf. D. 21.2: c. dat., ς. γάμῳ Aristaenet. 2.3; ς. ὅπως . . endeavour that . ., D. 43.12, SIG 312.10 (Samos, iv B.C. ): abs., ἐσπουδακυῖα in haste, hurriedly, Ar. Th. 572; ἐσπουδακώς eagerly, Men. 562 . c. acc. et inf., σπουδάσαντες τοῦτ' αὐτοῖς παραγενέσθαι Pl. Alc. 2.141d, cf. 2 Peter 1:15, BGU 1080.14 (iii A.D.), etc.

2. of persons, ς. πρός τινα pay him serious attention, Pl. Grg. 510c, etc.; εἴς τινα AP 9.422 ( Apollonid. ); ς. περί τινα to be anxious for his success, Isoc. 1.10, X. Cyr. 5.4.13, etc. (distd. fr. πρός τινα by Luc. Sol. 10 ); περί τινος X. Lac. 4.1; ὑπὲρ τῶν οἰκετῶν Aeschin. 1.17; ὑπέρ τινος D. 21.213, etc.; ς. τινί be a partisan or backer of, Plu. Art. 21, Arr. Epict. 1.11.27, PGiss. 71.6 (ii A.D.); ἀπό τινος Philostr. VS 2.27.6 .

3. to be serious or earnest, Ar. Ra. 813; opp. σκώπτειν καὶ κωμῳδεῖν, Id. Pl. 557; freq. in Pl., σπουδάζει ταῦτα ἢ παίζει; Grg. 481b, etc.; ἐσπούδακας, ὅτι ἐπελαβόμην ἐρεσχηλῶν σε; did you take it seriously, that I . .? Phdr. 236b; σπουδάζοντα τοῖς πράγμασι τοῖς ὀνόμασι παίζειν D.H. Lys. 14; ἐσπουδάκατον they have worked hard, Ar. V. 694; μάλα ἐσπουδακότι τῷ προσώπῳ with a very grave face, X. Smp. 2.17 .

4. study, Philostr. VS 1.7.2; lecture, teach, ib. 1.21.5 .

II trans.,

1 c. acc. rei, do anything hastily or earnestly, be earnest about, τὸ αὑτοῦ E. HF 507; τὰς περὶ τὸ μανθάνειν ἡδονάς Pl. Phd. 114e, etc.; opp. παρέργοις χρῆσθαι, Id. Euthd. 273d, cf. Ti. 21c; τὰ ἑαυτοῦ ἡδέα X. Smp. 8.17; ς. τοῦτο, ὅπως . . Id. Eq. 11.10: Pass., σπουδάζεταί τι is zealously pursued, πᾶν ὅ τι ς . E. Supp. 761; ς. ἀγών X. Lac. 10.3; χρήματα μετὰ πολλῆς δαπάνης ς . Pl. R. 485e; ἡ κωμῳδία διὰ τὸ μὴ σπουδάζεσθαι . . ἔλαθεν because it was not taken up seriously, Arist. Po. 1449b1; οὐ πάνυ σπουδάζεται ὑπ' αὐτῶν is not much valued, Luc. Cont. 11: esp. freq. in pf. part., πᾶσα ἡ τοιαύτη σπουδὴ οὐκ ἐπὶ τούτοις ἐστὶν ἐσπουδασμένη Pl. Ly. 219e; προοίμια θαυμαστῶς ἐσπουδασμένα elaborately worked up, Id. Lg. 722e, cf. 659e; so τὰ μάλιστα ἐσπ. σῖτα καὶ ποτά the choicest, X. Cyr. 4.2.38; τὰ ἐσπ ., of writing tablets, the best quality, Thphr. HP 3.9.7 (also κλίνας καὶ δίφρους καὶ τὰ ἄλλα τὰ σπουδαζόμενα ib. 5.3.2 ); εἰ ταῦτ' ἐσπουδασμένα ἐν γράμμασιν ἐτέθη if those pains were seriously bestowed on letters, Pl. Ep. 344c; αἱ ἐσπουδασμέναι παιδιαί Arist. Rh. 1371a3, cf. Pol. 1336a34 .

2. Pass., of persons, to be treated with respect, opp. καταφρονεῖσθαι, Id. Rh. 1380a26; to be courted, Str. 17.3.15, Plu. Them. 5, D.L. 5.75; of women, Plu. Cim. 4, Art. 26 . in LXX, trouble, disturb any one, Job 22:10; Job 23:16 .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σπουδάζω

(< σπουδή ),

[in LXX chiefly for H926;]

to make haste; hence, to be zealous or eager, to give diligence: c. inf. (v. M, Pr., 205 f.), Galatians 2:10, Ephesians 4:3, 1 Thessalonians 2:17, 2 Timothy 2:15; 2 Timothy 4:9; 2 Timothy 4:21, Titus 3:12, Hebrews 4:11, 2 Peter 1:10; 2 Peter 3:14; c. acc et inf. (on this construction v. Mayor in l; MM, xxiii), 2 Peter 1:15 (for other constructions v. LS, s.v.).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
εσπούδαζον εσπούδακα εσπούδακεν εσπουδασα εσπούδασα ἐσπούδασα εσπουδασαμεν εσπουδάσαμεν ἐσπουδάσαμεν εσπούδασας εσπούδασε εσπούδασέ σπουδαζοντες σπουδάζοντες σπουδασατε σπουδάσατε σπουδάσης σπουδασον σπούδασον σπουδασω σπουδάσω Σπουδασωμεν Σπουδάσωμεν espoudasa espoúdasa espoudasamen espoudásamen spoudasate spoudásate spoudaso spoudasō spoudáso spoudásō Spoudasomen Spoudasōmen Spoudásomen Spoudásōmen spoudason spoúdason spoudazontes spoudázontes
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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