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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4705 - σπουδαῖος

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  1. active, diligent, zealous, earnest
  2. very diligent
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (2)
2 Corinthians 2
BSB (3)
2 Corinthians 3
CSB (1)
2 Corinthians 1
ESV (1)
2 Corinthians 3
KJV (1)
2 Corinthians 1
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (3)
2 Corinthians 3
N95 (3)
2 Corinthians 3
NAS (3)
2 Corinthians 3
NLT (2)
2 Corinthians 2
WEB (2)
2 Corinthians 2
YLT (1)
2 Corinthians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σπουδ-αῖος, α, ον ( σπουδή ) prop.

in haste, quick, ς. τοὺς πόδας Poll. 1.197, 3.149; τὸ ς. τῆς πορείας Polyaen. 6.24: but in ordinary use denoting energy or earnestness:

I of persons, earnest, serious, X. Cyr. 2.2.16 ( Sup. ), cf. Smp. 8.3; active, zealous, in canvassing, Plu. Aem. 1 .

2. good, excellent in their several kinds, Hdt. 8.69; opp. φαῦλος, Pl. Lg. 757a, 814e, Arist. Po. 1448a2; ἀκροαταὶ-ότεροι Isoc. 12.271; ς. αὐλητής, opp. ἄνθρωπος μοχθηρός, Antisth. ap. Plu. Per. 1; κιθαριστής Arist. EN 1098a9; σκυτεύς Id. EE 1219a22; ἀνδράποδον D. 9.31; ς. τὴν τέχνην X. Mem. 4.2.2; περί τι Pl. Lg. 817a .

3. in moral sense, good, opp. πονηρός, X. HG 2.3.19; opp. φαῦλος, Id. Cyr. 2.2.24, Zeno Stoic. 1.52; οἱ ς. Λακεδαιμονίων X. HG 3.1.9; ς. τὰ ἤθη Isoc. 1.4; τῷ ἀρετὴν ἔχειν ς. λέγεται Arist. Cat. 10b8, cf. EN 1166a13, Top. 131b2; σπουδαῖον = ἀγαθον, Id. EN 1136b8, 1137b4: generally, of all virtuous objects or qualities, Id. Metaph. 1021b24, 1051b24, EN 1151a27, al.

II of things, worth serious attention, weighty, χρῆμα, πρῆγμα, Thgn. 65, 70, 116, etc.; τὰ -έστερα ( -έστατα ) τῶν πρηγμάτων Hdt. 1.8, 133 (v.l. -ότερα, -ότατα ), cf. Iisoc. 2.50; ταῦθ' ὑμῖν σπουδαιότατ' ἐστίν D. 24.4; opp. γελοῖος, Ar. Ra. 392 (lyr.); τί γελᾷς ἐπὶ σπουδαίοις πράγμασιν; Pl. Euthd. 300e .

2. good of its kind, excellent, ς. νομαί Hdt. 4.23; ἡ σπουδαιοτάτη [τῶν ταριχεύσεων ] the most elaborate, costliest, Id. 2.86, cf. PSI 4.413.26 (iii B.C.); ἡ ἰσηγορίη χρῆμα ς . Hdt. 5.78; λόγος ς . Pi. P. 4.132; μουσική Pl. Lg. 668b; τιμαί Id. R. 519d; σπέρματα X. Mem. 4.4.23; δῶρον οὐ ς. εἰς ὄψιν not goodly to look on, S. OC 577; τραγῳδία ς . Arist. Po. 1449b17; ς. ὑπόδημα Id. EE 1219a22: a play on senses 11.1 and 11.2 in Arist. EN 1176b25, 1177a3; ironically, ς. χρῆμα a fine thing, h.Merc. 332 .

III Adv. σπουδαίως with haste or zeal, seriously, earnestly, well, X. Cyr. 1.3.9, Pl. Cra. 406b, etc.: Comp. -ότερον X. Cyr. 2.3.20; -οτέρως Plu. Nob. 15: Sup. τὰ -ότατα most carefully, in the best way, Hdt. 2.86 . Besides the regul. Comp. and Sup., we find in Ion. the forms -έστερος, -έστατος, Hdt. 1.8, 133, Hecat. ap. Eust. 1441.15, Eus.Mynd. 4 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σπουδαῖος, σπουδαῖα, σπουδαῖον (σπουδή), from Herodotus down, active, diligent, zealous, earliest: ἐν τίνι, 2 Corinthians 8:22; comparitive σπουδαιότερος, 2 Corinthians 8:17 (Winers Grammar, 242f (227)), 22 (Winers Grammar, § 35, 1); neuter as adverb (Latinstudiosius), very diligently (cf. Buttmann, § 123, 10), 2 Timothy 1:17 R G.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σπουδαῖος , -α , -ον

(< σπουδή ),

[in LXX: Ezekiel 41:25 *;]

in haste; hence, zealous, eager, diligent, earnest: seq. ἐν , 2 Corinthians 8:22; compar., -οτεροσς 2 Corinthians 8:17 (here in superl. sense, v. Bl., § 44, 3) 2 Corinthians 8:22.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";yoke-fellow."; We can produce no evidence for σύνζυγος as a proper name, though its use as such in Philippians 4:3 seems probable (WH marg.) : see Kennedy EGT ad l. For its use as an appellative Thieme (p. 32) cites the Magnesian graffito 328 (prob. i/A.D.) σ ]ύζυγοι Βαίβιος Κάλλιπος : cf. 321.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σπουδαία σπουδαιον σπουδαίον σπουδαῖον σπουδαιοτερον σπουδαιότερον σπουδαιοτερος σπουδαιότερος spoudaion spoudaîon spoudaioteron spoudaióteron spoudaioteros spoudaióteros
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