Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #622 - אָסַף
1) to gather, receive, remove, gather in
1a1) to gather, collect
1a2) to gather (an individual into company of others)
1a3) to bring up the rear
1a4) to gather and take away, remove, withdraw
1b1) to assemble, be gathered
1b2) (passive of Qal 1a2)
1b2a) to be gathered to one’s fathers
1b2b) to be brought in or into (association with others)
1b3) (passive of Qal 1a4)
1b3a) to be taken away, removed, perish
1c1) to gather (harvest)
1c2) to take in, receive into
1c3) rearguard, rearward (substantive)
1d) (Pual) to be gathered
1e) (Hithpael) to gather oneself or themselves
1339) px (ספ SP) AC: Gather CO: Lip AB: ?: The pictograph x is a picture of a thorn representing a turning, the p is a picture of a mouth. Combined these mean "turning mouth". The rim, or lips of the bowl, which circle around it. The bowl is used for gathering things together and for eating.
Nf1) epx (ספה SPH) - Lip: The lip or edge of something. Also language as spoken from the lips. [df: hpV tpV] KJV (176): lip, bank, brim, edge, language, speech, shore, brink, border, prating, vain - Strongs: H8193 (שֶׂפֶת)
Nm) pfx (סופ SWP) - I. Reed:He plants that grow at the edge, or lip, of a river or pond. II. Edge:[Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (38): flags, weeds, end, conclusion, hind - Strongs: H5488 (סוּף), H5490 (סוֹף), H5491 (סוֹף)
V) pxi (יספ YSP) - Add: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (44): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal) more, again, add, increase, also, exceed, put, further, henceforth, can, continue, give - Strongs: H3254 (יָסַף), H3255 (יְסַף)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
אָסַף imp. אֱסֹף, אֶסְפָה Numbers 11:16 pl. אִסְפוּ Psalms 50:5 fut. יֶאֱסֹף; in pl. and with suff. יַאַסְפוּ, יַאַסְפֵנִי; more rarely with א quiescent, or cast away יֹסֵף, וַיֹּסֶף, אֹסֵף 1 Samuel 15:6; 2 Samuel 6:1; Psalms 104:29, prop. to scrape, to scrape together, zufammenfcharren, cogn. to the verbs סוּף (whence סוּפָה sweeping whirlwind), סָפָה; also יָסַף, and with the harsher חָסֵף (which see); hence
(1) to collect, as fruits, Exodus 23:10 ears of corn, Ruth 2:7 money, 2 Kings 22:4 also to assemble men, a people, peoples, etc., Exodus 3:16; Numbers 21:16; 2 Samuel 12:28. Const. with an acc., also sometimes with אֶל of the person or place to which any one is congregated; Genesis 42:17, וַיֶּאֱסֹף אֹתָם אֶל־מִשְׁמָר “and he assembled them into the prison;” 1 Samuel 14:52; 2 Samuel 11:27; Genesis 6:21 also עַל 2 Kings 22:20. Hence
(2) to take to oneself, to receive to oneself, especially to hospitality and protection, Deuteronomy 22:2; Joshua 20:4 אָסַף פ׳ מִצָּרַעַת 2 Kings 5:3, seq. “to receive any one from leprosy,” i.e. to heal a leprous person, after which he would be again received into intercourse with other men.
(3) to gather up to one, to contract, draw back; Genesis 49:33, “he drew up his feet into the bed;” 1 Samuel 14:19, אֱסֹף יָדֶךָ “draw back thy hand,” i.e. stay from what thou hast begun; Joel 2:10, “the stars אָֽסְפוּ נָגְהָם shall draw back their brightness,” i.e. they shall shine no longer. Hence
(4) to take away, especially that which any one had previously given; Psalms 104:29, תֹּסֵף רוּחָם יִגְוָעוּן “thou takest away their breath, they expire;” Job 34:14; Genesis 30:23, אָסַף אֱלֹהִים אֶת־חֶרְפָּתִי “God hath taken away my shame,” Isaiah 4:1, 10:14.
(5) to take out of the way, to destroy, to kill, Judges 18:25; 1 Samuel 15:6, פֶּן אֹסִפְךָ עִמּוֹ “lest I destroy you with them;” Ezekiel 34:29, אֲסוּפֵי רָעָב “destroyed,” i.e. killed “by hunger;” Jeremiah 8:13; Zephaniah 1:2 compare the roots סָפָה, סוּף. From the first signification comes
(6) agmen claudere, to bring up the rear, Isaiah 58:8. Those who bring up the rear, keep together, and collect the stragglers; compare Piel, No. 3.
(1) to be collected, gathered together; construed with אֶל Leviticus 26:25 עַל 2 Samuel 17:11 לְ 2 Chronicles 30:3 of the place to which any are gathered together, although עַל in this phrase more frequently signifies against, Genesis 34:30; Psalms 35:15.-נֶאֱסַף אֶל־עַמּוֹ Genesis 49:29 אֶל־אֲבוֹתָיו Judges 2:10, and simply נֶאֱסַף Numbers 20:26, “to be gathered to one’s people, to one’s father;” used of entering into Hades, where the Hebrews regarded their ancestors as being gathered together. This gathering to one’s fathers, or one’s people, is distinguished both from death and burial, Genesis 25:8, 35:29 2 Kings 22:20. The principle is different of the passages in which נֶאֱסַף is used of gathering the dead bodies of those slain in battle for burial, Jeremiah 8:2; Ezekiel 29:5; Job 27:19.
(2) to be received (compare Kal No. 2); used of the leper, i.q. to be healed, Numbers 12:14; Jeremiah 47:6 reflect. to receive, or betake oneself (into the sheath), of a sword.
(3) to be taken away, to vanish, to perish, Isaiah 16:10, 60:20 Jeremiah 48:33; Hosea 4:3.
(1) i.q. Kal No. 1, to gather, collect, Isaiah 62:9.
(2) to receive, as a guest, Judges 19:18.
(3) i.q. Kal No. 6, to bring up the rear, Numbers 10:25; Joshua 6:9, 13 Joshua 6:13; Isaiah 52:12.
Pual pass. of Kal No. 1, to be gathered, Isaiah 24:22, 33:4.
Hithpael, to be assembled, Deuteronomy 33:5.
The derivatives follow, also אָסִיף.
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