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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4973 - σφραγίς

Root Word (Etymology)
probably strengthened from (G5420)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. a seal
    1. the seal placed upon books
    2. a signet ring
    3. the inscription or impression made by a seal
      1. of the name of God and Christ stamped upon their foreheads
    4. that by which anything is confirmed, proved, authenticated, as by a seal (a token or proof)
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2368 ‑ חֹתָמ (kho‑thawm', kho‑thawm');  2397 ‑ חָחִי (khawkh, khakh‑ee');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (16)
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 1
2 Timothy 1
Revelation 13
NAS (16)
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 1
2 Timothy 1
Revelation 13
CSB (16)
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 1
2 Timothy 1
Revelation 13
BSB (16)
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 1
2 Timothy 1
Revelation 13
ESV (16)
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 1
2 Timothy 1
Revelation 13
WEB (16)
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 1
2 Timothy 1
Revelation 13
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σφρᾱγ-ίς, Ion. σφρηγίς, ῖδος, ἡ: Aeol. acc. σφρᾶγιν Choerob. in Theod. 1.327 H. (v.l. σφράγιν), Eust. 265.18: seal, signet, Hdt. 1.195, 3.41, PHib. 1.72.19 (iii B.C.), Numen. ap. Eus. PE 14.7, etc.; distd. from δακτύλιος, Ar. Fr. 320.12, Pl. Hp.Mi. 368c; ς. ἐπιβάλλειν Ar. Av. 560 (anap.), Th. 415; τῶν σφραγῖδας ἐχόντων, i.e. fops, Id. Ec. 632 (anap.); ἔχων.. σφραγῖδα καὶ μεμυρισμένος Antiph. 190.2; of the public seal of a state, [ ὁ ἐπιστάτης] τηρεῖ τὴν δημοσίαν ς. Arist. Ath. 44.1, cf. IG 22.204.40, Str. 9.3.1; τὸν στρατηγὸν καὶ ἐπὶ τῆς ς. keeper of the privy seal, IGRom. 4.1712 (Samos, ii B.C.).

2. gem or stone for a ring, Hdt. 7.69, cf. Arist. Mete. 387b17, Thphr. Lap. 44; τὰς τῶν δακτυλίων ς. Arist. Aud. 801b4; ς. ἴασπις χρυσοῦν δακτύλιον ἔχουσα IG 22.1388.87; ς. ὑάλιναι ib.90.

3. generally, gem, κιθάραν.. σφραγῖσι.. κατακεκοσμημένην Luc. Ind. 8.

II impression of a signet-ring, seal, ς. δακτυλίου Lex Solonis ap. D.L. 1.57; σφραγῖδος ἕρκος S. Tr. 615, cf. El. 1223, E. IA 155 (anap.), Th. 1.129; παρασημήνασθαι σασθαι ς. to counterfeit it, ib. 132; warrant attached to a camel, οἴσομεν ὑμῖν τὴν ς. καὶ οὐδὲν ζητηθήσεται πρὸς ἡμᾶς PBasel 2.11 (ii A.D.): metaph., σφρηγὶς ἐπικείσθω τοῖσδ' ἔπεσιν, as a warrant, Thgn. 19; but ἀρρήτων ἐπέων γλώσσῃ ς. ἐπικείσθω (for secrecy) Luc. Epigr. 11; ς. δ' ἡμετέρης γλώττης ἐπὶ τοῖσδεσι κεῖται Critias 5; διάτορον σφραγῖδα θραύων στόματος Tim. Pers. 160; ἔχεις κόσμου σφρηγῖδα τυπῶτιν, of the Creator, Orph. H. 34.26. cf. 64.2; ὁρκίζω σφραγῖδα (σφρακ- pap.) θεοῦ, ὅπερ ἐστὶν ὅρασις PMag.Berol. 1.306; drawing, γράφε χαλκῷ γραφίῳ τὴν ὑποκειμένην ς. τοῦ ζῳδίου PMag. Osl. 1.39.

2. any mark, as the spots on a leopard, Opp. C. 2.299: v. σφηρός.

3. wound, blow, Lyc. 780.

III tablet of Lemnian medicinal earth certified as such by bearing the impression of the seal of the Lemnian priestess of Artemis, Dsc. 5.97; ς. Λημνία Id. Alex.Prooem., Gal. 12.169, Aret. CA 2.2, so prob. in Archig. ap. Orib. 44.26.11, 51.42.5. governmentally defined and numbered area of land (including plots belonging to different owners) in Egypt, POxy. 918ii 8 (ii A.D.), PFay. 339 (ii A.D.), BGU 831.6 (iii A.D.), PHamb. 12.2 (iii A.D.), Sammelb. 4325 ii 4 (iii A.D.).

2. registered holding of land, PTeb. 105.13, al. (ii B.C.), PLond. 3.880.20 (ii B.C.), PAmh. 2.87, 90 (ii A.D.), etc.

3. numbered area on a worldmap, Eratosth. ap. Str. 2.1.22, al.: pl., 11.12.5. Medic., pastille, ἡ Πολυείδου ς. Gal. 13.834, Paul.Aeg. 7.12, cf. Cels. 5.20.2, al. Πακκίου ς., Paccius's brand, name of an eye-salve, Gal. 12.751; eye-salves were certified by their makers by a seal-impression, e.g. D. Galli Sesti sfragis ad aspritudines, CIL 13.10021.76 (Gaul).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σφραγίς, σφραγῖδος, (akin, apparently, to the verb φράσσω or φράγνυμι), from Herodotus down, the Sept. for חותָם, a seal; i. e.

a. the seal placed upon books (cf. B. D., under the word , under the end; Gardthausen, Palaeogr., p. 27): Revelation 5:1; λῦσαι τάς σφραγας, ibid. (Rec.); ἀνοῖξαι, ibid. (5 G L T Tr WH), ; .

b. a signet-ring: Revelation 7:2.

c. the inscription or impression made by a seal: Revelation 9:4 (the name of God and Christ stamped upon their foreheads must be meant here, as is evident from ); 2 Timothy 2:19.

d. that by which anything is confirmed, proved, authenticated, as by a seal (a token or proof): Romans 4:11; 1 Corinthians 9:2. (Cf. BB. DD. under the word .)

STRONGS NT 4973a: σφυδρόν σφυδρόν, σφυδρου, τό, equivalent to σφυρόν, which see: Acts 3:7 T WH. (Hesychius σφυδρά. περιφέρεια τῶν ποδῶν.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σφραγίς , -ῖδος , ,

[in LXX: Exodus 28:11, al. (H2368) Exodus 35:22 (H2397), Sirach 17:22, al.;]

1. a seal, signet: Revelation 7:2.

2. The impression of a seal or signet, a seal (on its various purposes, v.s. σφραγίζω ): on a book or roll, Revelation 5:1-2; Revelation 5:5; Revelation 5:9; Revelation 6:1; Revelation 6:3; Revelation 6:5; Revelation 6:7; Revelation 6:9; Revelation 6:12; Revelation 8:1; metaph., Romans 4:11, 1 Corinthians 9:2, 2 Timothy 2:19, Revelation 9:4.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";four-fold"; (Luke 19:8) : cf. the form τετραπλάσιος in OGIS 665.30 (i/A.D.) τὸ τετραπλάσιον μέρος, and Syll 932(= .3 880).80 (A.D. 202) πρὸς δὲ δ [ιαλύ ]σωσ [ι ] αὐτὰ τὰ ἐνπόρια εἰς τὸ [τε ]τραπλάσιον τοῦ ἐνδεήσοντος.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εσφυροκόπησε σφραγιδα σφραγίδα σφραγῖδα σφραγιδας σφραγίδας σφραγῖδας σφραγίδες σφραγίδι σφραγίδος σφραγιδων σφραγίδων σφραγις σφραγίς σφραγισιν σφραγίσιν σφραγῖσιν σφύρα σφύραι σφύραις σφύραν σφύρη σφυροκόπος sphragida sphragîda sphragidas sphragîdas sphragidon sphragidōn sphragídon sphragídōn sphragis sphragís sphragisin sphragîsin
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