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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4972 - σφραγίζω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G4973)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to set a seal upon, mark with a seal, to seal
    1. for security: from Satan
    2. since things sealed up are concealed (as the contents of a letter), to hide, keep in silence, keep secret
    3. in order to mark a person or a thing
      1. to set a mark upon by the impress of a seal or a stamp
      2. angels are said to be sealed by God
    4. in order to prove, confirm, or attest a thing
      1. to confirm authenticate, place beyond doubt 1d
    5. of a written document 1d
    6. to prove one's testimony to a person that he is what he professes to be
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2856 ‑ חָתַם (khaw‑tham');  5640 ‑ שָׂתַם (saw‑tham', saw‑tham');  8552 ‑ תָּמַם (taw‑mam');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (28)
Matthew 1
John 3
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 3
Ephesians 2
Revelation 18
NAS (19)
Matthew 2
John 4
Romans 2
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 2
Revelation 8
CSB (15)
Matthew 1
John 2
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 2
Revelation 8
BSB (15)
Matthew 1
John 2
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 2
Revelation 8
ESV (16)
Matthew 1
John 2
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 2
Revelation 8
WEB (16)
Matthew 1
John 3
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 2
Revelation 7
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σφρᾱγ-ίζω, Ion. σφρηγίζω, close or enclose with a seal, σφραγίζεις λύεις τ' ὀπίσω.. πεύκην (= δέλτον) E. IA 38 (anap.); ταβέλλας PHamb. 29.23 (i A.D.); τὸ σιτάριον BGU 249.21 (i A.D.): Med., τὸν θησαυρόν PAmh. 2.41.7 (ii B.C.); μόνη δὲ κλῇθρ' ἐγὼ σφραγίζομαι E. Fr. 781.10; -ισάμενος τὸν ναὸν ἐκέλευσε σφραγίσαι τῷ τοῦ βασιλέως δακτυλίῳ LXX Bel. 14; [ τὸ ταμιεῖον] -ισάμενος εἴσω τὸν δακτύλιον διὰ τῆς ὀπῆς ἐρρίπτει D.L. 4.59; δεῖγμα σφραγισάσθω let him seal up with his seal a sample (of the corn), PHib. 1.39.15 (iii B.C.): Pass., ἐν ᾧ [δώματι] κεραυνός ἐστιν ἐσφραγισμένος A. Eu. 828; ἐσφράγισται ἐν τοῖς θησαυροῖς μου LXX De. 32.34; οὐ δύναμαι ἀναγνῶναι [τὸ βιβλίον]· ἐσφράγισται γάρ ib. Isaiah 29:11; θυλάκιον ἐσφραγισμένον PCair.Zen. 69.6 (iii B.C.); ἐσφραγίσθη γῇ λευκῇ POxy. 929.13 (ii/iii A.D.).

2. authenticate a document with a seal, IG 9(1).61.78,95 (Daulis, ii B.C.): Med., ib. 61.41; ἵνα μὴ κυριεύσας (sc. τῆς σφραγῖδος) κοινὴν ἐπιστολὴν κατὰ πάντων γράψας σφραγίσηται αὐτῇ τῇ σφραγῖδι PHib. 1.72.19 (iii B.C.); ἐξαποστεῖλαι εἰς Ῥόδον τοῦδε τοῦ ψηφίσματος ἀντίγραφον, σφραγισαμένους τῇ δημοσίᾳ σφραγῖδι IG 12(5).833.14 (Tenos, ii B.C.), cf. 835.31, al., 11(4).1065b28 (Delos(?), ii B.C.); τὸ βιβλίον τῆς κτήσεως τὸ ἐσφραγισμένον LXX Jeremiah 32:11(39).11; τὴν παρὰ τοῦ βασιλέως διὰ τῆς θυρίδος ἐσφραγισμένην.. [ἔντευξιν] UPZ 53.5 (ii B.C.).

3. certify an object after examination by attaching a seal (cf. Hdt. 2.38), μέτροις.. ἐξητασμένοις καὶ ἐσφραγισμένοις ὑπὸ τοῦ οἰκονόμου PRLaws 25.10 (iii B.C.); ἐπεθεώρησα μόσχον ἕνα.. καὶ δοκιμάσας ἐσφράγισα ὡς ἔστιν καθαρός Wilcken Chr. 89.5 (ii A.D.); cf. σφραγίς 11.1.

4. Med., seal an article to show that it is pledged, ἐγγύην ς. Plu. Pomp. 5, Arr. Epict. 2.13.7: abs., make an impression with a seal for any purpose, καθάπερ οἱ σφραγιζόμενοι τοῖς δακτυλίοις Arist. Mem. 450a32.

II metaph. senses:

1 close up as if with a seal, in Pass., ἐσφραγισμένην ἀκριβῶς οὐλήν a fully closed cicatrix, Gal. 12.215: Med., οὓς.. ἀφθόγγων στομάτων σφρηγίσσατο δεσμῷ, i.e. made them mute, Nonn. D. 26.261.

2. accredit as an envoy, etc., τινα John 6:27 : Med., ὁ χρίσας ἡμᾶς θεός, καὶ -ισάμενος ἡμᾶς 2 Corinthians 1:22.

3. set a seal of approval upon, confirm, AP 9.236 (Loll.); ς. ὅτι.. John 3:33 : freq. in Med., ς. ποιητικαῖς φωναῖς S.E. M. 1.271; ς. αὐτοῖς τὸν καρπόν assure them of it, Romans 15:28.

4. generally, mark, ψάμμος.. νῶτον οὐκ ἐσφράγισεν the sand never marked his back, i.e. he never fell in the sand, APl. 3.25 (Phil.); δεινοῖς.. σημάντροισιν ἐσφραγισμένοι, of wounded persons, E. IT 1372; σφραγιζομένη γελασίνοις marked with dimples, AP 5.34 (Rufin.); καμήλους ἐσφραγισμένας εἰς τὸν δεξιὸν μηρὸν νῦ καὶ ἦτα BGU 87.12, 26 (ii A.D.).

5. set an end or limit to, σφραγίσαι ἁμαρτίας Thd. Daniel 9:24 (σπανίσαι LXX): Med., Ῥώμην ἀνερχομένῳ σφράγισαι ἠελίῳ AP 9.297 (Antip.); πάντα δι' ἀλλήλων ὁ πολὺς σφραγίζεται αἰών, i.e. the death of one creature is the birth of another, Archelaus ap. Antig. Mir. 89.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σφραγίζω (Revelation 7:3 Rec.st); 1 aorist ἐσφραγισα; 1 aorist middle participle σφραγισάμενος; passive, perfect participle ἐσφραγισμενος; 1 aorist ἐσφραγίσθην; (in 2 Corinthians 11:10 Rec.st gives the form σφραγίσεται de coniectura vel errore (Tdf.; see his note at the passage)); (σφραγίς, which see); the Sept. for חָתַם; to set a seal upon, mark with a seal, to seal;

a. for security: τί, Matthew 27:66; namely, τήν ἄβυσσον, to close it, lest Satan after being cast into it should come out; hence, the addition ἐπάνω αὐτοῦ, over him i. e. Satan, Revelation 20:3 (ἐν —i. e. δώματικεραυνός ἐστιν ἐσφραγισμενος, Aeschylus Eum. 828; middle σφραγίζομαι τήν θύραν, Bel and the Dragon, , Theod.).

b. Since things sealed up are concealed (as, the contents of a letter), (σφραγίζω means, tropically, to hide (Deuteronomy 32:34), keep in silence, keep secret: τί, Revelation 10:4; Revelation 22:10 (τάς ἁμαρτίας, Daniel 9:24, Theod.; τάς ἀνομίας, Job 14:17; τούς λόγους σιγή, Stobaeus, flor. 34, 9, p. 215; θαυματα πολλά σοφή σφρηγισσατο σιγή, Norm. paraphr. evang. Ioan. 21,140).

c. in order to mark a person or thing; hence, to set a mark upon by the impress of a seal, to stamp: angels are said σφραγίζειν τινας ἐπί τῶν μετώπων, i. e. with the seal of God (see σφραγίς, c.) to stamp his servants on their foreheads as destined for eternal salvation, and by this means to confirm their hopes, Revelation 7:3, cf. Ewald at the passage; (B. D., under the words, Cuttings and Forehead); hence, οἱ εσφραγισμένοι, fourteen times in Rec. Revelation 7:4-8, four times by G L T Tr WH (δεινοισι σημαντροισιν εσφραγισμένοι, Euripides, Iph. Taur. 1372); metaphorically: τινα τῷ πνεύματι and ἐν τῷ πνεύματι, respecting God, who by the gift of the Holy Spirit indicates who are his, passive, Ephesians 1:13; Ephesians 4:30; absolutely, middle with τινα, 2 Corinthians 1:22.

d. in order to prove, confirm, or attest a thing; hence, tropically, to confirm, authenticate, place beyond doubt (a written document τῷ δακτυλίῳ, Esther 8:8): followed by ὅτι, John 3:33; τινα, to prove by one's testimony to a person that he is what he professes to be, John 6:27. Somewhat unusual is the expression σφραγισάμενος αὐτοῖς τόν καρπόν τοῦτον, when I shall have confirmed (sealed) to them this fruit (of love), meaning apparently, when I shall have given authoritative assurance that this money was collected for their use, Romans 15:28. (Compare: κατασφραγίζω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σφραγίζω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H2856 (Deuteronomy 32:34, al.), also for H5640 (Da TH Daniel 8:26);]

to seal,

(a) for security: Matthew 27:66, Revelation 20:3; τ . καρπὸν τοῦτον , fig. (cf. Deiss., BS, 238 f.; MM, xxiv; DB, iv, 427a), Romans 15:28;

(b) for concealment, hence, metaph., to hide (Da TH Daniel 9:24, John 14:17): Revelation 10:4; Revelation 22:10;

(c) for distinction, Revelation 7:3-8; metaph., Ephesians 4:30; mid., 2 Corinthians 1:22;

(d) for authentication (Ezra 8:8): John 3:33; John 6:27 (cf. κατα -σφραγίζω ).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";of four months"; with χρόνος understood, and hence = ";four months."; Exx. are PSI IV. 408.10 (iii/B.C.) ὀφείληται γάρ μοι τετραμήνου καὶ τοῦ ὀψωνίου μήρος (l. μέρος) τι, P Cairo Zen II. 59291.2 (B.C. 251–0) τοῖς ἔργοις προσέχειν τετράμηνον, P Grenf II. 41.16 (A.D. 46) διὰ τετράμηνα, ";every four months,"; P Oxy XII. 1482.15 (ii/A.D.) μετὰ τετράμηνον, ";after four months,"; and from the inscrr. Syll 210(= .3 410 ).4 (c. B.C. 274) τὴν πρώτην τετράμηνον.

For adj. τετραμήνιος (not in LS8) see P Oxy XII. 1418.18 (A.D. 247) ἀν ]αδέξομαι τῷ παιδὶ τετραμήνιον γυμνασιαρχίαν, ";I shall undertake for my son the office of gymnasiarch for four months.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εσφραγισάμην εσφράγισαν εσφράγισας εσφραγίσατο εσφραγισεν εσφράγισεν ἐσφράγισεν εσφραγίσθη εσφραγισθητε εσφραγίσθητε ἐσφραγίσθητε εσφραγισμένη εσφραγισμενοι εσφραγισμένοι ἐσφραγισμένοι εσφραγισμένον εσφραγισμένου εσφραγισμενων εσφραγισμένων ἐσφραγισμένων εσφράγισται σφραγιζόμενοι σφραγιζόντων σφραγιή σφραγίσαι σφραγισαμενος σφραγισάμενος σφραγισαντες σφραγίσαντες σφραγίσατε σφραγισης σφραγίσης σφραγίσῃς σφραγισθή Σφραγισον Σφράγισον σφραγισωμεν σφραγίσωμεν esphragisen esphrágisen esphragismenoi esphragisménoi esphragismenon esphragismenōn esphragisménon esphragisménōn esphragisthete esphragisthēte esphragísthete esphragísthēte sphragisamenos sphragisámenos sphragisantes sphragísantes sphragíseis sphragísēis sphragises sphragisēs sphragisomen sphragisōmen sphragísomen sphragísōmen Sphragison Sphrágison
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