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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4976 - σχῆμα

Root Word (Etymology)
from the alternate of (G2192)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
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  1. the habitus, as comprising everything in a person which strikes the senses, the figure, bearing, discourse, actions, manner of life etc.
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6596 ‑ פֹּתָה (pohth, po‑thaw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
1 Corinthians 1
Philippians 1
NAS (2)
1 Corinthians 1
Philippians 1
CSB (2)
1 Corinthians 1
Philippians 1
BSB (2)
1 Corinthians 1
Philippians 1
ESV (2)
1 Corinthians 1
Philippians 1
WEB (2)
1 Corinthians 1
Philippians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σχῆμα, ατος, τό,

(ἔχω, σχεῖν)

form, shape, figure, E. Ion 238, Ar. V. 1170, Pl. R. 601a, Thphr. Ign. 52, etc.; καθ' Ἡρακλέα τὸ ς. καὶ τὸ λῆμ' ἔχων Ar. Ra. 463; διερεισαμένη τὸ ς. τῇ βακτηρίᾳ Id. Ec. 150; Ἱππομέδοντος ς. καὶ μέγας τύπος A. Th. 488: in Trag. freq. in periphr., ὦ ς. πέτρας, = πέτρα, S. Ph. 952; ς. καὶ πρόσωπον εὐγενὲς τέκνων E. Med. 1072; ς. δόμων Id. Alc. 911 (anap.), cf. Hec. 619; Ἀσιάτιδος γῆς ς. Id. Andr. 1: in pl., of one person, φωτὸς κακούργου σχήματ ' Id. Fr. 210; μορφῆς σχῆμα or σχήματα, Id. Ion 992, IT 292, cf. IG 3.1417.14; τὴν αὐτὴν τοῦ ς. μορφήν Arist. PA 640b34 (but ἐν μορφῇ θεοῦ ὑπάρχων, opp. σχήματι εὑρεθεὶς ὡς ἄνθρωπος, Philippians 2:6; Philippians 2:8); τὰ ς. καὶ χρώματα Pl. R. 373b; σχήμασι καὶ χρώμασι μιμεῖσθαι Arist. Po. 1447a19; κατὰ χρόαν ἢ ὄγκον ἢ ς. [τοῦ προσώπου ] Gal. 18(2).309; ὅσα παθήματα γίνεται ἀπὸ σχημάτων caused by peculiar conformations, Hp. VM 22. atom, imagined as differing from other atoms mainly in shape, ἐκ περιφερῶν συγκεῖσθαι σχημάτων Democr. ap. Thphr. Sens. 65; ἐκ μεγάλων ς. καὶ πολυγωνίων ib. 66, cf. 67,al., Od. 64.

2. appearance, opp. the reality, οὐδὲν ἄλλο πλὴν.. ς. a mere outside, E. Fr. 25, cf. 360.27, Pl. R. 365c; show, pretence, ἦν δὲ τοῦτο.. ς. πολιτικὸν τοῦ λόγου Th. 8.89; οὐ σχήμασι, ἀλλὰ ἀληθείᾳ Pl. Epin. 989c; σχήματι ξενίας under the show of.., Plu. Dio 16, etc.

3. bearing, air, mien, Hdt. 1.60; τύραννον ς. ἔχειν S. Ant. 1169; ἄφοβον δεικνὺς ς. X. Cyr. 6.4.20; ταπεινὸν ς. ib. 5.1.5; ὑπηρέτου ς. D. 23.210; τῷ σχήματι, τῷ βλέμματι, τῇ φωνῇ Id. 21.72; ὄμμασι καὶ σχήμασι καὶ βαδίς ματι φαιδρός gestures, X. Ap. 27, cf. Mem. 3.10.5; esp. outside show, pomp, τὸ τῆς ἀρχῆς ς. Pl. Lg. 685c; dignity, rank, οὐ κατὰ ς. φέρειν τι in a manner not dignified or seemly, Plb. 3.85.9, cf. 5.56.1, Plu. 2.44a, 631c, Luc. Peregr. 25; πρεσβείας, ἱερείας ς., Aristid. 1.490 J., Inscr.Olymp. 941; ἔχει τι ς., c. inf., there's something to be said for.., E. Tr. 470, cf. IA 983; of the stately air of a horse, X. Eq. 1.8, 7.10.

4. fashion, manner, ἑτέρῳ ς. ζητεῖν Hp. VM 2; ς. μὲν γὰρ Ἑλλάδος στολῆς ὑπάρχει fashion of dress, S. Ph. 223; ς. τοῦ κόσμου E. Ba. 832, 1 Corinthians 7:31; ς. βίου, μάχης, E. Med. 1039, Ph. 252 (lyr.); τούτῳ.. κατῴκουν τῷ ς. Pl. Criti. 112d. dress, equipment, ἀρχαίῳ ς. λαμπρός Ar. Eq. 1331; βαβαιὰξ τοῦ ς. Id. Ach. 64, cf. X. Oec. 2.4, Theoc. 10.35, App. BC 1.16; τὸ τῆς πορφύρας ς., = Lat. latus clavus, IGRom. 3.1422 (Prusias); ἐν τῷ ς. ἱερέ[ως ] ib. 69.17 (ibid., cf. Glotta 14.80), cf. Sammelb. 7449.10 (V A.D.), PLond. 5.1729.25 (vi A.D.).

5. character, role, μεταβαλεῖν τὸ ς. Pl. Alc. 1.135d; πάντα ς. ποιεῖν Id. R. 576a; ἐν μητρὸς σχήματι Id. Lg. 918e, cf. 859a; ἀπολαβεῖν τὸ ἑαυτῶν ς. to recover their proper character, X. Cyr. 7.1.49.

6. character, characteristic propetry of a thing, [ πόλεως ] Th. 6.89; πολιτείας Pl. Plt. 291d; βάσιλείας ς. ἔχει the form of monarchy, Arist. EN 1160b25; τὸ ς. τῆς λέξεως δεῖ μήτε ἔμμετρον εἶναι μήτε ἄρρυθμον Id. Rh. 1408b21 (but τὰ ς. τῆς λέξεως the forms (modes) used in poetry, such as entreaty, threat, command, Id. Po. 1456b9); τὰ τῆς κωμῳδίας ς. its characteristic forms, ib. 1448b36; ἐν σχήματι νόμου in form of law, Pl. Lg. 718b; ἐν ἀπολογίας ς. Isoc. 15.8; ἐν μύθου ς. Arist. Metaph. 1074b2, cf. Pl. Ti. 22c; τὸ τῆς διαίτης ς. Gal. 15.582; αἱ κατὰ σχήματα πυρετῶν διαφοραί Id. 19.183.

7. a figure in Dancing, Ar. V. 1485: mostly in pl., figures, gestures (cf. σχημάτιον), E. Cyc. 221, Ar. Pax 323, Pl. Lg. 669d, Epigr. ap. Plu. 2.732f, etc.; σχήματα πρὸς τὸν αὐλὸν ὀρχεῖσθαι X. Smp. 7.5; ἐν.. μουσικῇ καὶ σχήματα.. καὶ μέλη ἔνεστι figures and tunes, Pl. Lg. 655a; also of the postures of an athlete, Isoc. 15.183: generally, posture, position, Hp. Off. 11, al., Ar. Ra. 538 (lyr.), Thphr. Lass. 3, 14; of the foetus, Sor. 2.55; τὸ τῆς κατακλίσεως ς. the patient's attitude as he lies in bed, Gal. 16.578, cf. 665; cf. σχηματίζω 11.3. Rhet., figure of speech, Pl. Ion 536c, Cic. Brut. 37.141, etc.; [ ἡ τοῦ Θουκυδίδου φράσις] πλήρης σχημάτων D.H. Pomp. 5, cf. Amm. 2.2; for ς. Πινδαρικόν, etc., v. Hdn. Fig. p.100S. in Logic, figure of a syllogism, Arist. APr. 26b33,al., Thphr. Fr. 59. τὸ ς. τῆς λέξεως, both the grammatical form of a sentence, Arist. SE 166b10, cf. Gal. 16.709, etc.; and its rhythmical form, Arist. Rh. l.c. supr. 6, etc. grammatical form of a word, Hp. Vict. 1.23, D.T. 635.21, A.D. Pron. 17.25,al.

8. geometrical figure, Arist. de An. 414b20, al., Onos. 10.28; μονωτάτη πάντων ἀριθμῶν δυὰς σχήματος οὐκ ἔστιν ἐπιδεκτική Theol.Ar. 7. phase of the moon, Ptol. Tetr. 21, Vett.Val. 106.28. Astrol., aspect, Plot. 2.3.1, Man. 3.5, 212, al. configuration of birds in augury, τοῖς τῶν γυναικῶν σχήμασι σῷ ζεσθαι to be saved by the configurations (of birds) appropriate to women, Gal. 15.445.

9. in Tactics, military formation, X. An. 1.10.10.

10. = τὸ αἰδοῖον LXX Isaiah 3:17.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σχῆμα, σχηματος, τό (ἔχω, σχεῖν), from Aeschylus down, Latinhabitus (cf. English haviour (from have)), A. V. fashion, Vulg. figura (but in Phil.habitus) (tacitly opposed to the material or substance): τοῦ κόσμου τούτου, 1 Corinthians 7:31; the habitus, as comprising everything in a person which strikes the senses, the figure, bearing, discourse, actions, manner of life, etc., Philippians 2:7(8). (Synonym: see μορφή at the end, and Schmidt, chapter 182, 5.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σχῆμα , -τος , τό

(< ἔχω ),

[in LXX: Isaiah 3:17 (H6596) *;]

figure, fashion: 1 Corinthians 7:31, Philippians 2:8.†

SYN.: see μορφή G3444.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

τετραάρχης, so read in the critical texts (see WH Notes.2, p. 152, where the form is put down as possibly ";Alexandrian";), ";a tetrarch"; or governor of the fourth part of a district. The title is applied in the NT to Herod Antipas (Matthew 14:1, al.). For the ordinary spelling see the 2nd declension form τέτραρχος Θεσσαλῶν in Syll.3 274 II. (B.C. 337), and Φιλίππου τετραρχίας ἔργον in ib. 220 (B.C. 346?) (with the editor’s note) : also CIG III. 4033 Τι. Σεουῆρον βασιλέων καὶ τετραρχῶν ἀπόγονον.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σχημα σχήμα σχῆμα σχηματι σχήματι σχίδακας σχίζα σχίζαις σχίζαν σχίζας schema schêma schēma schē̂ma schemati schēmati schḗmati
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