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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4993 - σωφρονέω

Transliteration
sōphronéō
Phonetics
so-fron-eh'-o
Origin
from (G4998)
Parts of Speech
verb
TDNT
7:1097,1150
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σωφρονίζω
Definition   
Thayer's
  1. to be of sound mind
    1. to be in one's right mind
    2. to exercise self control
      1. to put a moderate estimate upon one's self, think of one's self soberly
      2. to curb one's passions
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (7)
Mark 1
Luke 1
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Titus 1
1 Peter 2
BSB (6)
Mark 1
Luke 1
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Titus 1
1 Peter 1
CSB (5)
Mark 1
Luke 1
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Titus 1
1 Peter 1
ESV (6)
Mark 1
Luke 1
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Titus 1
1 Peter 1
KJV (7)
Mark 1
Luke 1
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Titus 1
1 Peter 2
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (12)
Mark 2
Luke 2
Romans 3
2 Corinthians 2
Titus 1
1 Peter 2
N95 (12)
Mark 2
Luke 2
Romans 3
2 Corinthians 2
Titus 1
1 Peter 2
NAS (12)
Mark 2
Luke 2
Romans 3
2 Corinthians 2
Titus 1
1 Peter 2
NLT (6)
Mark 2
Luke 1
Romans 2
2 Corinthians 2
Titus 2
1 Peter 2
WEB (7)
Mark 1
Luke 1
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Titus 1
1 Peter 2
YLT (6)
Mark 1
Luke 1
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Titus 1
1 Peter 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σωφρον-έω,

poet. σᾰοφ- Opp. H. 3.446, AP 5.301.11 (Agath.):

to be sound of mind, Hdt. 3.35, Mark 5:15, Gal. 15.449; ὃς ἦν φορητὸς οὐδὲ σωφρονῶν Babr. 90.4.

2. to be temperate, moderate, show self-control, Heraclit. 112, 116 (v.l.), A. Pr. 982, Pers. 829, IG 12.22.69, Antipho 2.2.5, Th. 8.24, Pl. Phdr. 244a, X. Cyr. 8.1.30; τὸ σωφρονεῖν, = cross σωφροσύνη, A. Ag. 1425, cf. 181, Ar. Nu. 1061, 1071; ἐς Ἀφροδίτην ς. E. IA 1159, cf. Ba. 314 (s. v.l.); περὶ τοὺς θεούς X. Mem. 1.1.20; of soldiers, ς. καὶ εὐτακτεῖν ib. 3.5.21, cf. Lys. 12.47; ς. καὶ ὁμονοεῖν And. 1.109; opp. ὑπερφρονέω, Romans 12:3 : with a part., πέμποντες σωφρονοῖμεν ἄν Pl. Men. 90d.

3. come to one's senses, learn moderation, Hdt. 3.64; ς. ὑπὸ στένει A. Eu. 521 (lyr.); σωφρονοῦντες ἐν χρόνῳ ib. 1000 (lyr.); οὐ σωφρονήσεις; S. Aj. 1259; ἐσωφρόνησας Id. Ph. 1259; σεσωφρονηκώς when he had recovered his senses, Pl. Phdr. 241b.

4. Pass., τὰ σεσωφρονημένα ἐν τῷ βίῳ μοι things I had done with discretion, Aeschin. 2.4.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σωφρονέω, σωφρόνω; 1 aorist imperative σωφρονήσατε; (σώφρων, which see); from Tragg., Xenophon, Plato down; to be of sound mind, i. e.

a. to be in one's right mind: of one who has ceased δαιμονίζεσθαι, Mark 5:15; Luke 8:35; opposed to ἐκστηναι, 2 Corinthians 5:13, (the σωφρονων and μανεις are contrasted in Plato, de rep. i., p. 331 c.; σωφρονουσαι and μανεισαι, Phaedr., p. 244 b.; μεμηνως ... ἐσωφρονησε, Apollod. 3, 5, 1, 6).

b. to exercise self-control; i. e. α. to put a moderate estimate upon oneself, think of oneself soberly: opposed to ὑπερφρονεῖν, Romans 12:3. β. to curb one's passions, Titus 2:6; joined with νήφω (as in Lucian, Nigrin. 6) (R. V. be of sound mind and be sober), 1 Peter 4:7.


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* σωφρονέω , -

(< σώφρων ),

(a) to be of sound mind or in one's right mind: Mark 5:15, Luke 8:35; opp. to ἐκστῆναι , 2 Corinthians 5:13 (Hdt.);

(b) to be temperate, discreet, self-controlled (opp. to μαίνεσθαι , ὑβρίζειν , etc.; sch., Thuc., al.): Titus 2:6; opp. to ὑπερφρονεῖν , Romans 12:3; σ . καὶ νήφειν , 1 Peter 4:7.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

(1) ";precious,"; ";costly,"; of money value (Revelation 17:4, al.). Cf. P Cairo Zen II. 59160.10 (B.C. 255) a request to send some corn that the writer may not have to buy at a high price, ὅπως μὴ τίμιον ἀγοράζωμεν, and P Lond 77.21 (Will—end of vi/A.D.) (= Chrest. II. p. 371) ἀπὸ τιμίου εἴδους ἕως ἐλαχίστου. The neut. is used as a subst. in P Oxy VII. 1025.20 (late iii/A.D.) τὰ τείμια, ";the presents";; (2) ";held in honour,"; ";esteemed"; (Acts 5:34, Hebrews 13:4) : cf. P Tebt II. 294.20 (A.D. 146) ἐπὶ τοῖ [ς αὐ ]τοῖς τιμίοις καὶ δικαίοις πᾶσει, ";with all the same privileges and rights"; (Edd.), P Lond 1178.23 (A.D. 194) (= III. p. 216) ἀνδράσι τειμίοις μο ̣[υ καὶ ] φίλοις, and from the inscrr. Syll 930 (= .3705).48 (B.C. 112–1) συντηρῆσαι τὰ ἐκ παλαιῶν χρόνων δεδομένα τίμια καὶ φιλάνθρωπα.

The word is common in addresses, e.g. P Oxy II. 292.1 (c. A.D. 25) Θέων Τυράννωι τῶι τιμιωτάτωι πλεῖστα χαίρειν, ib. 299.1 (late i/A.D.) Ὧρος Ἀπίωνι τῷ τειμειωτάτωι χαίρειν. Cf. also PSI VII. 800.3 (vi/A.D.) αἰτῶ τὰ τίμια ἴχνη τῶν ποδῶν τῆς ὑμετέρας ἐνδόξου φιλανθρωπίας, and the MGr usage of τίμιος = ";honest,"; ";honourable.";

 


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σωφρονειν σωφρονείν σωφρονεῖν σωφρονησατε σωφρονήσατε σωφρονουμεν σωφρονούμεν σωφρονοῦμεν σωφρονουντα σωφρονούντα σωφρονοῦντα sophronein sophroneîn sōphronein sōphroneîn sophronesate sophronḗsate sōphronēsate sōphronḗsate sophronoumen sophronoûmen sōphronoumen sōphronoûmen sophronounta sophronoûnta sōphronounta sōphronoûnta
 
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