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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4993 - σωφρονέω

Transliteration
sōphronéō
Phonetics
so-fron-eh'-o
Origin
from (G4998)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
7:1097,1150
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to be of sound mind
    1. to be in one's right mind
    2. to exercise self control
      1. to put a moderate estimate upon one's self, think of one's self soberly
      2. to curb one's passions
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (7)
Mark
1
Luke
1
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Titus
1
1 Peter
2
NAS (12)
Mark
2
Luke
2
Romans
3
2 Corinthians
2
Titus
1
1 Peter
2
HCS (6)
Mark
1
Luke
1
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Titus
1
1 Peter
1
BSB (6)
Mark
1
Luke
1
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Titus
1
1 Peter
1
ESV (6)
Mark
1
Luke
1
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Titus
1
1 Peter
1
WEB (7)
Mark
1
Luke
1
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Titus
1
1 Peter
2
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σωφρον-έω,

poet. σᾰοφ- Opp. H. 3.446, AP 5.301.11 (Agath.):

to be sound of mind, Hdt. 3.35, Mark 5:15, Gal. 15.449; ὃς ἦν φορητὸς οὐδὲ σωφρονῶν Babr. 90.4.

2. to be temperate, moderate, show self-control, Heraclit. 112, 116 (v.l.), A. Pr. 982, Pers. 829, IG 12.22.69, Antipho 2.2.5, Th. 8.24, Pl. Phdr. 244a, X. Cyr. 8.1.30; τὸ σωφρονεῖν, = cross σωφροσύνη, A. Ag. 1425, cf. 181, Ar. Nu. 1061, 1071; ἐς Ἀφροδίτην ς. E. IA 1159, cf. Ba. 314 (s. v.l.); περὶ τοὺς θεούς X. Mem. 1.1.20; of soldiers, ς. καὶ εὐτακτεῖν ib. 3.5.21, cf. Lys. 12.47; ς. καὶ ὁμονοεῖν And. 1.109; opp. ὑπερφρονέω, Romans 12:3 : with a part., πέμποντες σωφρονοῖμεν ἄν Pl. Men. 90d.

3. come to one's senses, learn moderation, Hdt. 3.64; ς. ὑπὸ στένει A. Eu. 521 (lyr.); σωφρονοῦντες ἐν χρόνῳ ib. 1000 (lyr.); οὐ σωφρονήσεις; S. Aj. 1259; ἐσωφρόνησας Id. Ph. 1259; σεσωφρονηκώς when he had recovered his senses, Pl. Phdr. 241b.

4. Pass., τὰ σεσωφρονημένα ἐν τῷ βίῳ μοι things I had done with discretion, Aeschin. 2.4.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* σωφρονέω , -

(< σώφρων ),

(a) to be of sound mind or in one's right mind: Mark 5:15, Luke 8:35; opp. to ἐκστῆναι , 2 Corinthians 5:13 (Hdt.);

(b) to be temperate, discreet, self-controlled (opp. to μαίνεσθαι , ὑβρίζειν , etc.; sch., Thuc., al.): Titus 2:6; opp. to ὑπερφρονεῖν , Romans 12:3; σ . καὶ νήφειν , 1 Peter 4:7.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

(1) ";precious,"; ";costly,"; of money value (Revelation 17:4, al.). Cf. P Cairo Zen II. 59160.10 (B.C. 255) a request to send some corn that the writer may not have to buy at a high price, ὅπως μὴ τίμιον ἀγοράζωμεν, and P Lond 77.21 (Will—end of vi/A.D.) (= Chrest. II. p. 371) ἀπὸ τιμίου εἴδους ἕως ἐλαχίστου. The neut. is used as a subst. in P Oxy VII. 1025.20 (late iii/A.D.) τὰ τείμια, ";the presents";; (2) ";held in honour,"; ";esteemed"; (Acts 5:34, Hebrews 13:4) : cf. P Tebt II. 294.20 (A.D. 146) ἐπὶ τοῖ [ς αὐ ]τοῖς τιμίοις καὶ δικαίοις πᾶσει, ";with all the same privileges and rights"; (Edd.), P Lond 1178.23 (A.D. 194) (= III. p. 216) ἀνδράσι τειμίοις μο ̣[υ καὶ ] φίλοις, and from the inscrr. Syll 930 (= .3705).48 (B.C. 112–1) συντηρῆσαι τὰ ἐκ παλαιῶν χρόνων δεδομένα τίμια καὶ φιλάνθρωπα.

The word is common in addresses, e.g. P Oxy II. 292.1 (c. A.D. 25) Θέων Τυράννωι τῶι τιμιωτάτωι πλεῖστα χαίρειν, ib. 299.1 (late i/A.D.) Ὧρος Ἀπίωνι τῷ τειμειωτάτωι χαίρειν. Cf. also PSI VII. 800.3 (vi/A.D.) αἰτῶ τὰ τίμια ἴχνη τῶν ποδῶν τῆς ὑμετέρας ἐνδόξου φιλανθρωπίας, and the MGr usage of τίμιος = ";honest,"; ";honourable.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σωφρονειν σωφρονείν σωφρονεῖν σωφρονησατε σωφρονήσατε σωφρονουμεν σωφρονούμεν σωφρονοῦμεν σωφρονουντα σωφρονούντα σωφρονοῦντα sophronein sophroneîn sōphronein sōphroneîn sophronesate sophronḗsate sōphronēsate sōphronḗsate sophronoumen sophronoûmen sōphronoumen sōphronoûmen sophronounta sophronoûnta sōphronounta sōphronoûnta
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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