Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5036 - ταχύς

of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
  1. quick, fleet, speedy
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 213 ‑ אוּץ (oots);  4116 ‑ מָהַר (maw‑har');  7138 ‑ קָרֹב (kaw‑robe', kaw‑robe');  7280 ‑ רָגַע (raw‑gah');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
NAS (6)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


[ ], εῖα, ύ:

I of motion, swift, fleet, opp. βραδύς,

1 of persons and animals, either abs., Il. 18.69, etc.; or more fully, πόδας ταχύς 13.249, 482, 17.709, etc.; ταχὺς ἔσκε θέειν Od. 17.308; θείειν τ. Il. 16.186, Od. 3.112; κύνες, ἔλαφος, πτώξ, ἵππος, Il. 3.26, 8.248, 17.676, 23.347, etc.; οἰωνόν, ταχὺν ἄγγελον 24.292, cf. Od. 15.526; τ. βαδιστής a quick walker, E. Med. 1182; σφοδροὶ καὶ τ. X. Cyr. 2.1.31.

2. of things, τ. πόδες Il. 6.514, cf. Od. 13.261, etc.; τ. ἰός, ὀϊστοί, Il. 4.94, Od. 22.3, etc.; πτερά Ar. Av. 1453; -ύτατα ἅρματα Pi. O. 1.77; νῆες, τριήρεις, Hdt. 8.23, Th. 6.43, etc.; [ ἴχνος] τὸ τοῦ ποδὸς μὲν βραδύ, τὸ τοῦ δὲ νοῦ ταχύ E. Ion 742.

II of thought and purpose, quick, hasty, φρονεῖν γὰρ οἱ ταχεῖς οὐκ ἀσφαλεῖς S. OT 617: c. inf., βλάπτειν τ. Ar. Ra. 1428; τ. βουλεῦσαί τι ἀνήκεστον Th. 1.132, cf. 118, Luc. Dem.Enc. 12; also τ. πρὸς ὀργήν Plu. Cat.Mi. 1; τὸ ταχύ speed, haste, E. Ph. 452, X. Eq. 7.18, etc.

2. of actions, events, etc., rapid, sudden, πήδημα S. Aj. 833; ᾅδης, μόρος, E. Hipp. 1047, Mosch. 3.26; πόλεμος Th. 4.55, 6.45; φυγή Id. 4.44; μεταβολή Pl. R. 553d; short, τ. ἐλπίδες fleeting hopes, Pi. P. 1.83; ἐπαυρέσεις Th. 2.53; ἀτραπός Ar. Ra. 127; ταχεῖ σὺν χρόνῳ S. OC 1602; τ. διήγησις short, rapid, Arist. Rh. 1416b30. Adv., 1 regul. τᾰχέως, quickly, opp. βραδέως, Il. 23.365, Hes. Th. 103, etc.:

rarely in sense perhaps (cf. τάχα 11), Plb. 16.25.8.

2. the Adv. is also expressed by periphr., διὰ ταχέων in haste, Th. 1.80, 3.13, Pl. Ap. 32d, X. An. 1.5.9; ἐκ ταχείας S. Tr. 395; cf. τάχος 11.

3. neut. ταχύ as Adv., Pi. P. 10.51, N. 1.51, S. Ph. 349, E. HF 885 (lyr.), Ar. Eq. 109, Gal. 16.665, etc.; ἤδη ἤδη τ. τ. Sammelb. 4321.21, BGU 956.3 (both iii A.D.); ἄρτι ἄρτι τ. τ. Arch.Pap. 5.393 (ii A.D.); also τάχα (q.v.).

4. the Adj. ταχύς is freq. construed with Verbs, where we should use the Adv., ταχέες δ' ἱππῆες ἄγερθεν Il. 23.287; ταχεῖά γ' ἦλθε χρησμῶν πρᾶξις A. Pers. 739; ὁρμάσθω ταχύς S. Ph. 526; δεῦρ' ἀφίξεται τ. Id. OC 307; τ. χάρις διαρρεῖ Id. Aj. 1266, cf. Th. 2.75, 5.66. Degrees of Comparison: I Comp.: 1 the form τᾰχύτερος, α, ον, is used by Hdt., ἐποίησα ταχύτερα ἢ σοφώτερα 3.65, cf. 7.194; also in Arist. Mu. 394b3, Arr. Ind. 9.6, Aret. SD 1.16, but not in good Att.; ταχύτερον as Adv., Hdt. 4.127, 9.101, Hp. Prog. 17.

2. the more usual form is θάσσων, neut. θᾶσσον, gen. ονος, Att. θάττων, neut. θᾶττον, Il. 15.570, 13.819 (elsewh. only neut. in Hom.), etc.: neut. as Adv., freq. in Hom., Od. 2.307, al.; θᾶσσον ἂν.. κλύοιμι sooner, i.e. rather, would I hear, S. Ph. 631; θᾶσσον also often stands for the Positive, Il. 2.440, Od. 15.201, 16.130, Pi. P. 4.181, Ar. Nu. 506, V. 187, Ra. 94; οὐ θᾶσσον οἴσεις; i.e. make haste and bring, S. Tr. 1183, cf. OT 430; θᾶττον νοήματος quicker than thought, X. Mem. 4.3.13, cf. Ar. V. 824, etc.; with a Conj., ὅτι θᾶσσον, like ὅτι τάχιστα, Theoc. 24.48; ἐπειδὴ θᾶττον συνεσκότασεν as soon as.., D. 54.5; ἐπειδὰν θ. συνιῇ τις Pl. Prt. 325c; ὅταν θ. φθέγγηται ὁ κόκκυξ Arist. HA 563b17, cf. 611a5; ἐὰν or ἢν θ. as soon as.., X. Cyr. 3.3.20, An. 6.5.20, Pl. Alc. 1.105a; ἂν θ. Men. Pk. 174; εἰ θ. Pl. 324b; ὡς θ. Plb. 1.66.1, 3.82.1; θ. rarely = sooner than, before, ἐξήλαυνον μεσημβρίας οὐ πολλῷ τινι θ. Aristid. Or. 51 (27). 13 (cf. τάχιον infr. 3).

3. the form ταχίων [], neut. ιον, is freq. in late Prose, as LXX Wi. 13.9, 1 Maccabees 2:40, Ph. Bel. 69.14, 17, 73.23, Gem. 1.20, D.H. 6.42, D.S. 20.6, J. (v. infr.), Plu. 2.240d, John 20:4, Alciphr. 3.4; also in Hp. Mul. 1.1, Men. 402.16; but condemned by Phryn. 58, Hdn. Philet. p.436 P.; τὴν ταχίονα τῆς τροφῆς παράθεσιν earlier, sooner, Gal. 19.206: Adv. τάχιον earlier, πλέεται.. περὶ τὸν Σεπτέμβριον μῆνα.., οὐδὲν δὲ κωλύει κἂν τ. Peripl.M.Rubr. 24; τ. τῆς ὑποσχέσεως sooner than they had promised, RÉt.Gr. 6.159 (Iasus); τ. τοῦ παραγγέλματος J. BJ 4.4.2; εἰς μακρὸν αὐτῶν γῆρας καὶ βίου μῆκος ὅμοιον τοῖς τ. ἐπερχομένων Id. AJ 1.3.7; ἀποπαύεται οὔτε τ. ἐτῶν τεσσαράκοντα οὔτε βράδιον ἐτῶν πεντήκοντα Sor. 1.20, cf. 48, al.; formerly, ἐπεσκεύασαν τὸ παρόχιον,.. τ. γενόμενον γυμνάσιον IGRom. 3.639 (Lycia, ii A.D.), cf. 4.1517 (Sardis), 1632.14 (Philadelphia), 1665.5 (Tira), Keil-Premerstein Dritter Bericht p.79 (iii A.D.), Hermes 63.229 (Callatis); cf. supr. 2 fin. II Sup.: 1 the form ταχύτατος is rare, ταχύτατα ἅρματα Pi. O. 1.77; ταχύτατα as Adv., X. HG 5.1.27 codd., Antiph. 87 codd.; but both passages have been corrected.

2. the usual form is τάχιστος, η, ον, used by Hom. only in neut. pl. τάχιστα as Adv., most quickly, most speedily, ὅττι τάχιστα as soon as may be, as soon as possible, Il. 4.193, 9.659, al.; ὅτι τάχιστα S. OT 1341 (lyr.), Th. 3.31, etc.; so ὅσον τ. A. Ch. 772, S. OT 1436, etc.; (prob.) τ. Pi. O. 13.79; ὅπως τ. A. Ag. 605, S. OT 1410, Ar. V. 167; ὡς τ. IG 12.76.23, Hdt. 1.210, Th. 4.15, E. Rh. 147, X. An. 1.3.14: these are ellipt. phrases, as may be seen from the foll. examples, ὡς δυνατόν ἐστι τάχιστα Pl. Lg. 710b, X. Cyr. 5.4.3; ᾗ δυνατὸν τ. Id. HG 6.3.6; ὡς or ᾗ ἠδύνατο τ. Id. Cyr. 3.2.14, An. 1.2.4; ὡς δύναιτο τ. Hdt. 1.79; ὡς or ᾗ ἂν δύνωμαι τ. X. HG 4.1.38, Cyr. 7.1.9, cf. IG 12.106.18. τάχιστα after Particles of Time, as soon as, ἐπεὶ (Ion. ἐπεί τε) τάχιστα A. Pr. 201, Hdt. 1.27, 75, 7.163, X. An. 7.2.6, PCair.Zen. 34.12 (iii B.C.); ἐπειδὴ τ. Pl. Prt. 310d, Isaiah 9:3, D. 27.16, etc.; ἐπεὰν τ. Hdt. 4.134, 7.129, 8.144; ἐπὰν τ. X. An. 4.6.9; ἐπειδὰν τ. Id. Cyr. 1.3.14, An. 3.1.9; ὅταν τ. Id. Cyr. 4.5.33: also ὡς τ. separated by one or more words, ὡς ἡμέρη τ. ἐγεγόνεε Hdt. 1.11, cf. 19, 47, 65, al., X. Cyr. 1.3.2, Mem. 1.2.16, al.; ὡς δὲ τ. ἐξῆλθε.. κόρον ἔτεκε IG 42(1).121.4 (Epid., iv B.C.); ὡς γὰρ τ. εἰσῆλθον Men. Pk. 287; ὡς ἂν τ. λάβῃς τὴν ἐπιστολήν PCair.Zen. 241.1 (iii B.C.); but ὡς τ. γὰρ ἀπεδήμησας ib. 472.7 (iii B.C.); ὅπως τ. A. Pr. 230: the same notion is sometimes expressed by the part., ἀπαλλαγεὶς τάχιστα, = ὡς ἀπηλλάγη τ., Plu. Dem. 8, cf. 25.

3. freq. also in Prose, τὴν ταχίστην (in full, τὴν τ. ὁδόν X. An. 1.2.20, Luc. Rh. Proverbs 4:1-27) as Adv., by the quickest way, i.e. most quickly, Hdt. 1.24, 73, 81, 86, Hyp. Eux. 7, Men. Pk. 75, Plb. 1.33.4, etc. (Cf. Lith. (dial.) deñgti, Lett. diêgt, both = 'run quickly', Polish dążyć 'hurry'.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ταχύς , -εῖα , - ,

[in LXX chiefly for H4116 pi.;]

quick, swift, speedy: opp. to βραδύς , Ja 119.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

τραχηλίζω occurs in P Petr II. 15 (1) (a).2 (B.C. 241–239) (= III. 45 (3).2) εἰ δὲ μή, πάλι τραχηλιοῦσι ἐν τ [ ]ι β [. . . . . .] ναύτας, πρότερον δὲ ἕκαστος τῶν λ [αῶν. . ., if we may separate Mahaffy’s strange compound παλιτραχηλιοῦσι. The passage is peculiarly tantalizing from the gaps which prevent our getting the meaning of the verb, clearly used in a tropical sense.

In its only occurrence in the NT (Hebrews 4:13) τετραχηλισμένα can only mean ";laid open,"; ";exposed,"; ";open"; (Vg aperta; Hesych. πεφανερωμένα), but the origin of the metaphor is very doubtful. Moffatt (ICC Heb ad l.) suggests ";the practice of exposing an offender’s face by pushing his head back,"; Souter (Lex. s.v.), with greater probability, prefers ";the bending back of the head in sacrifice so as to expose the neck,"; like the Homeric αὐερύω (Il. i. 459).

The verb is found in Teles (ed. Hense) pp. 10 9, 50 9 : see also Philo de Cherub. 78 (ed. Cohn) πᾶσι τοῖς ἐπιτρέχουσι καὶ τραχηλίζουσι δεινοῖς ὑποβεβλημένος, and the compd. ἐκτραχηλίζω in ib. Leg. Alleg. iii. 109, Quod det. pot. 19.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ταχεία ταχείς ταχύ ταχύν ταχυς ταχύς ταχὺς tachus tachys tachỳs
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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