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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5146 - τρίβολος

from (G5140) and (G956)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. a thistle, a prickly wild plant, hurtful to other plants
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1863 ‑ דַּרְדַּר (dar‑dar');  2757 ‑ חָרִץ (khaw‑reets', khaw‑reets');  6791 ‑ צֵן (tsane);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (2)
Matthew 1
Hebrews 1
BSB (2)
Matthew 1
Hebrews 1
CSB (1)
Matthew 1
Hebrews 1
ESV (2)
Matthew 1
Hebrews 1
KJV (2)
Matthew 1
Hebrews 1
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (2)
Matthew 1
Hebrews 1
N95 (2)
Matthew 1
Hebrews 1
NAS (2)
Matthew 1
Hebrews 1
NLT (2)
Matthew 1
Hebrews 1
WEB (2)
Matthew 1
Hebrews 1
YLT (2)
Matthew 1
Hebrews 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

τρίβολος [], ,

name of various prickly plants, water-chestnut, Trapa natans, τ. ἔνυδρος Thphr. HP 4.9.1, Dsc. 4.15. caltrops, Tribulus terrestris, Ar. Lys. 576; τ. περικαρπιάκανθος, χερσαῖος, Thphr. HP 3.1.6, 6.1.3, Dsc. l.c.; ἄκανθαι καὶ τ. LXX Genesis 3:18; βάτοι καὶ τ. Ph. 1.680, cf. IG 14.1934f1 (Rome): Alc. 47 calls sour wine ὀξύτερος τριβόλων. τ. φυλλάκανθος, thorny trefoil, Fagonia cretica, Thphr. HP 6.5.3. τ. παραθαλάσσιος, prickly samphire, Echinophora spinosa, Hp. Nat.Mul. 32.

II τρίβολοι, οἱ, a threshing-machine, a board with sharp stones fixed in the bottom, Ph. Bel. 85.36, al., LXX 2 Ki. 12.31, Longus 3.30; τ. ξύλινος (in the section περὶ κάρρων) Edict.Diocl. 15.41; τριβόλους ἀχυρότριβας AP 6.104 (Phil.).

III caltrop, i. e. a four-spiked implement thrown on the ground to lame the enemy's horses, Ph. Bel. 100.7, Plu. 2.200a, Polyaen. 1.39.2, 4.3.17, Hdn. 4.15.2, Procop. Goth. 3.24. τ. πηχῶν έ a larger contrivance for stopping boulders, etc., thrown down a slope, Ath.Mech. 38.2. οἱ κατακρημνώμενοι τ. an instrument hung from the walls of a fortress as a defence against battering-rams, Ph. Bel. 100.15. a kind of missile, τριβόλων σιδηρῶν σφενδονῆται D.H. 20.1; οἱ τ. οἱ καιόμενοι a kind of incendiary missile, Ph. Bel. 100.20, cf. 94.9. part of the bit of a bridle, PCair.Zen. 782 (a). 9 (iii B. C.), Poll. 1.148, Hsch. dub. sens. in naval dockyard records, σίδηρος ἐκ τοῦ τ. IG 22.1629.1154, 1631.338. as Adj., three-tiered, πυρὰ πυργοειδὴς τ. D.C. 74.5.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

τρίβολος, τριβολου, (τρεῖς and βάλλω ((cf. βέλος), three-pointed)), a thistle, a prickly wild plant, hurtful to other plants: Matthew 7:16; Hebrews 6:8. (Aristophanes, others; the Sept. for דַּרְדַּר, Genesis 3:18; Hosea 10:8; for צְנִינִים thorns, Proverbs 22:5.) (Cf. B. D. under the word, Thorns and Thistles, 4; Löw, Aram. Pflanzennamen, § 302.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

τρίβολος , -ου , ,

[in LXX: Genesis 3:18, Hosea 10:8 (H1863), 2 Samuel 12:31 (H2757), Proverbs 22:5 (H6791)*;]

a thistle: Matthew 7:16, Hebrews 6:8.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

lit. ";of excessive size,"; and thence extended to speech ";big,"; ";arrogant,"; in 2 Peter 2:18, Judges 1:16, the only occurrences in the NT : cf. Assumption of Moses vii. 9 os eorum loquetur ingentia, on which the passage in Jude depends.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
τρίβολοι τριβόλοις τριβολους τριβόλους τριβολων τριβόλων tribolon tribolōn tribólon tribólōn tribolous tribólous
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