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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5147 - τρίβος

Root Word (Etymology)
from tribo (to "rub", akin to teiro, truo, and the base of (G5131), (G5134))
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. a worn way, a path
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 734 ‑ אֹרַח (o'‑rakh);  1870 ‑ דֶּרֶךְ (deh'‑rek);  4546 ‑ מְסִלָּה (mes‑il‑law');  4570 ‑ מַעְגָּלָה (mah‑gawl', mah‑gaw‑law');  5410 ‑ נְתִבָה (naw‑theeb', neth‑ee‑baw', neth‑ee‑baw');  7635 ‑ שְׁבִיל (shaw‑beel');  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

τρίβος [], ,

but in E. Or. 1251, 1258, El. 103, Plu. Arat. 22: (τρίβω):

worn or beaten track, ἐν τρίβῳ μάλιστα οἰκημένοι in the path (of the war), Hdt. 8.140. β' (so ἐν τ. τοῦ πολέμου κείμενος D.H. 6.34, 11.54); τ. ἁμαξήρης E. Or. 1251; λεπτὴν τ. ἐξανύσαντες Theoc. 25.156; ἡ τ. τῆς ἀτραποῦ the track of the path, D.S. 17.49; διασχισθέντες [τῆς ὁδοῦ] τρίβῳ τινί by following a track, X. Cyr. 4.5.13.

2. metaph., path, h.Merc. 448; ποίην τις βιότοιο τάμοι τρίβον; AP 9.359 (Posidipp.); βιότου τ. ὁδεύειν Anacreont. 38.2; ποίην τις πρὸς ἔρωτας ἴοι τρίβον; AP 5.301.1 (Agath.); τῆς αἰτίας ἴχνος καὶ τ. track, Plu. 2.68o f: pl., τρίβοι ἐρώτων A. Supp. 1042 (lyr.).

II rubbing, attrition, Id. Ag. 391 (lyr.); τ. κρηπῖδος the rubbing of a shoe, Aret. SD 2.12.

2. socket, friction-joint, ἡ κεφαλὴ τοῦ βραχίονος.. τρίβον ἑωυτῇ πεποιημένη Hp. Art. 7, cf. 55; τὸ ἔθος τρίβον ποιεῖ Id. Mochl. 41; area of friction or pressure of a bandage, Id. Off. 8.

3. delay, A. Ag. 197 (lyr.).

III bodily exercise, Nic. Al. 592 (pl.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

τρίβος, τρίβου, (τρίβῳ to rub), a worn way, a path: Matthew 3:3; Mark 1:3; Luke 3:4, from Isaiah 40:3. (Homer hymn. Merc. 448; Herodotus, Euripides, Xenophon, others; the Sept. for נְתִיבָה, אֹרַח, מְסִלָּה, דֶּרֶך, etc.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

τρίβος , -ου , -

(< τρίβω ),

[in LXX for H4546, H5410, etc.;]

a beaten track, a path: Matthew 3:3, Mark 1:3, Luke 3:4 (LXX).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the metaph. use of this word ";excellence,"; ";preeminence,"; in 1 Timothy 2:2 (cf. 2 Maccabees 3:11), Deissmann (BS p. 255) cites Perg 252.20 (after B.C.133) τῶν ἐν ὑπεροχῇ ὄντων, with reference to persons of consequence.Add P Michigan Inv, No. 191.11 (early ii/A.D.) ( = Classical Philology xxii. (1927), p. 245), where a father flatters his son on his superiority over his brothers—οἶδας ὅτι πᾶν ῥα ̣[διο ]ν ε ̣ι ̣̓ς τ ̣[οὺς ἀ ]δελφούς σου διαφορὰ [ν ἔ ]χει ̣ς κ ̣αὶ ὑπεροχήν, ";you know that in everything you easily differ from and hold preeminence over your brothers"; (Ed.), and Aristeas 175 πόλεων ἐν ὑπεροχαῖς, ";eminent cities.";

The word readily comes to be used as a title of honour, e.g. P Oxy I. 130.20 (vi/A.D.) οὐκ ἔχω γὰρ ἄλλην καταφυγὴν εἰ μὴ τὴν τοῦ δεσπότου Χριστοῦ καὶ τῆς ὑμετέρας ὑπεροχῆς, ";for I have no other refuge than in the Lord Christ and your eminence"; (Edd.), a petitioner addressing the dux of the Thebaid, and ib. XVI. 1829.14 (c. A.D.577–9 (?)).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
έτριβον τετριμμέναι τρίβοι τρίβοις τρίβον τρίβος τριβου τρίβου τριβους τρίβους τρίβουσι τρίβω τρίβων τριετής τριέτους τρίψον tribous tríbous
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