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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5164 - τροχός

from (G5143)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
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  1. a wheel
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 212 ‑ אֹפָן (o‑fawn', o‑fawn');  1534 ‑ גַּלְגַּל (gal‑gal');  4173 ‑ מֹרַג (mo‑rag', mo‑rag');  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

τροχός, ὁ, (τρέχω) wheel, Il. 6.42, 23.394, etc.; γῆ ἐπημαξευμένη τροχοῖσιν S. Ant. 252; ἐν πτερόεντι τ... κυλινδόμενον, of Ixion, Pi. P. 2.22; τροχοὺς μιμεῖσθαι to imitate wheels, of one who bends back so as to form a wheel, X. Smp. 2.22, 7.3: metaph. of fortune, πότμος ἐν.. θεοῦ τροχῷ κυκλεῖται S. Fr. 871; also μανίας τροχῷ E. Pirith.Oxy. 2078 Fr. 1.14.

2. potter's wheel, Il. 18.600; τροχῷ ἐλαθεὶς [λύχνος ] (cf. τροχήλατος) Ar. Ecclesiastes 4:1-16; τροχοῦ ῥύμαισι τευκτὸν.. κύτος Antiph. 52.2, cf. Pl. R. 420e.

3. wheel of a stage-machine, Ar. Fr. 188; also of a water- wheel, ὁ τ. τῆς μηχανῆς POxy. 1292.13 (i A. D.); τ. καὶ μηχανή PSI 9.1072.9 (iii A. D.).

4. wheel of torture, Anacr. 21.9; ἐπὶ τοῦ τ. στρεβλοῦσθαι Ar. Pl. 875, Lys. 846, D. 29.40; ἕλκεσθαι Ar. Pax 452; ἐπὶ τὸν τ. ἀναβῆναι Antipho 5.40; ἀναβιβάζειν τινὰ ἐπὶ τὸν τ. And. 1.43; ἐν τῷ τ. ἐνδεδεμένον Plu. 2.509c; τῷ τ. προσηλοῦν ['Ιξίονα ] ib.19e, cf. Luc. DDeor. 6.5.

5. rotating wheels used in sieges as a defence against projectiles, D.S. 17.45. II child's hoop, Antyll. ap. Orib. 6.26.5, S.E. P. 1.106.

III round cake, κηροῖο, στέατος τ., Od. 12.173, 21.178; τ. ἡλίου the sun's disk, Ar. Th. 17 (v. infr. B); coil of a serpent, Orph. L. 136.

2. large pill (cf. τροχίσκος 2), Sor. 1.65, POxy. 2144.25 (iii A. D.). θαλάττης γῆς τε τ. circles or zones of land and sea, Pl. Criti. 113d, cf. 115c, 116a, 117c sq., Plu. Luc. 39. circuit of a wall or fortification, Κυκλώπιος τ. S. Fr. 227, cf. Sch.A Pl. Lg. 681a (v. facsim. fol. 175v).

ring playing on the bit of a bridle, X. Eq. 10.6, Poll. 1.184.

2. ring for passing a rope through, on board ship, ib. 94. whirlwind, LXX Psalms 77:18(76).18. washpot (?), Gal. 18(2).671.

a fish or sea-monster (Lat. rota, Plin. HN 9.8), Ael. NA 13.20. metaph., ὁ τ. τῆς γενέσεως Ephesians 3:6; ὁ τῆς εἱμαρμένης τε καὶ γενέσεως τ. Simp. in Cael. 377.14. τρόχος, ὁ, circular race, Hp. Vict. 2.63, 3.68, Insomn. 89; μὴ πολλοὺς τ. ἁμιλλητῆρας ἡλίου not many racing courses of the sun, i.e. not many days (codd. τροχούς wheels), S. Ant. 1065; παῖδες ἐκ τρόχων πεπαυμένοι E. Med. 46.

2. place for running, race-course, Id. Hipp. 1133 (lyr.).

II an animal, Herodor. 58J. (Trypho ap. Ammon. Diff. p.131 V. distd. the two senses as above.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

τροχός, τροχοῦ, (τρέχω), from Homer down, a wheel: James 3:6 (on this passage see γένεσις 3; (cf. Winer's Grammar, 54 (53))).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

τροχός , -οῦ , τό

(<τρέχω ),

[in LXX chiefly for H212;]

a wheel: James 3:6 (v. Mayor, Hort, in l).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Hort’s translation of ὑποδεξαμένη, ";hospitably entertained,"; in James 2:25 is supported by the use of the verb in Michel 159.6 (B.C. 127–126), where a gymnasiarch is praised because ὑπεδέξατο τοὺς ἀλειφομένους πάντας, ";he entertained all who were in training";; cf. ib. 1010.16, .38 (beg. i/B.C.) ὑπεδέξατο τὴν σύνοδον ἐκ τῶν ἰδίων. For exx. from the papyri see P Bilabel 48.2 (B.C. 126) εὔχομαι δὲ τοῖς θεοῖς, ἵν᾽ ὑγιαίνοντά σε ὑποδέξωμαι κατὰ πολλοὺς τρόπους, P Oxy XIV. 1643.12 (A.D. 298) to bring a charge πρὸς τοὺς ὑποδεξα [μένους αὐτὸν ] καὶ αἰτεῖσθαι ἐκδικείαν, ";against those who harboured him (sc. a fugitive slave), and demand satisfaction,"; and ib. XII. 1408.23 (c. A.D. 210–14) τὸ ? τοὺς λῃστὰς κα ]θαι [ρ ]εῖν χωρὶς τῶν ὑποδεχομένων μὴ δύνασθαι πᾶ [σ φανερόν, ";that it is impossible to exterminate robbers apart from those who shelter them is evident to all"; (Edd.), cf..25, .26.

For the more general sense ";receive,"; cf. ib. 1412.10 (c. A.D. 284) τῶν πλοίων ἤδη τῶν ὑπ [ο ]δεχομένων τὰ εἴδη ἐφορμούντων, ";the boats to receive the supplies are already at anchor"; (Edd.), and for the subst. ὑποδοχή, ";amount received"; in connexion with taxes, see P Lond V. 1667.3 (early vi/A.D.) with the editor’s note, and for ὑποδοχεῖον, ";a receptacle,"; see P Petr II. 20iv. 4 (B.C. 252) λέμβου. . . ἐν τῶι βα (σιλικῶι) ὑποδοχίωι, ";boat in the Royal dock,"; BGU I. 301.11 (A.D. 151) ἀρούρας. . ἐν αἷς οἰκόπεδα καὶ ὑποδοχῖ (l. ὑποδοχεῖα), and the numerous exx. cited ad P Hamb I. 6 7.Ὑποδέκτης, ";steward,"; is seen in P Oxy I.136.15 (A.D. 583) : cf. Archiv ii.p.260 f.For the meaning ";collector of taxes"; in late Greek, cf. P Grenf II. 94.5 (vi/vii A.D.) ὑποδέκτῃ Ἑρμουπόλεως.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
τροχοί τροχοίς τροχον τροχόν τροχὸν τροχός τροχού τροχούς τροχώ τροχών trochon trochòn
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