the Fourth Week of Lent
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #5215 - ὕμνος
- a song in tithe praise of gods, heroes, conquerors
- a sacred song, hymn
hymn, ode, in praise of gods or heroes (καί τι ἦν εἶδος ῳδῆς εὐχαὶ πρὸς θεούς, ὄνομα δὲ ὕμνοι ἐπεκαλοῦντο Pl. Lg. 700b; ὕμνους θεοῖς καὶ ἐγκώμια τοῖς ἀγαθοῖς Id. R. 607a, cf. Arist. Po. 1448b27), once in Hom., ἀοιδῆς ὕμνος Od. 8.429 (folld. by Demodocus' song of the Wooden Horse, 499 sqq.); ὕμνῳ νικήσαντα φέρειν τρίποδ' Hes. Op. 657; ἀνδρῶν τε παλαιῶν ἠδὲ γυναικῶν ὕμνον ἀείδουσιν h.Ap. 161; freq. in Pi., ὕμνος πολύφατος, ἐπικώμιος, etc., O. 1.8, N. 8.50, al.; Θήρωνος Ὀλυμπιονίκαν ὕμνον O. 3.3; and in B., ὑφάνας ὕμνον 5.10, cf. 6.11, al.; ὕμνοι θεῶν to or in honour of the gods, Pl. Lg. 801d; τιμῶν θεὰν ὕμνοισιν E. Hipp. 56; τοὺς χοροὺς.. καὶ τοὺς ὕ. τῷ θεῷ ποιεῖτε D. 21.51, cf. Pl. Smp. 177a; ὕμνοι Δαυείδ psalms of David, LXX 2 Chronicles 7:6; ψαλμοὶ καὶ ὕ. καὶ ᾠδαί Ephesians 5:19 : in Trag. also of mournful songs, addressed to gods or heroes, τὸν δυσκέλαδον ὕ. Ἐρινύος A. Th. 868 (lyr.), cf. Pers. 620, 625 (anap.), Ch. 475 (lyr.); ὕ. ἐξ Ἐρινύων, δέσμιος φρενῶν, ἀφόρμικτος Id. Eu. 331 (lyr.), cf. 306; ἐν ἀλύροις κλέοντες ὕμνοις E. Alc. 447 (lyr.); ὕ. Ἅιδου, of one whose songs are death, Phryn. Com.69 (lyr.). — On ὕμνοι of various kinds v. Men.Rh.p.333 S.; ὁ κυρίως ὕ. πρὸς κιθάραν ᾔδετο ἑστώτων Procl. Chr. ap. Phot. Bibl. p.320 B., cf. Did. ap. EM 777.9. [Most commonly ῡ, but only by position; ῠ proved by εὔῠμνος (q.v.), ῠμνῳδεῖ A. Ag. 990 (lyr.), ῠμνήσω E. Ba. 72 (lyr.).]
ὕμνος, ὑμνου, ὁ, in Greek writings from Homer down, a song in praise of gods, heroes, conquerors (cf. Trench, as below, p. 297), but in the Scriptures of God; a sacred song, hymn: plural, Ephesians 5:19; Colossians 3:16. (1 Macc. 4:33; 2 Macc. 1:30 2Macc. 10:7; (Judges 16:13), etc.; of the Psalms of David, Josephus, Antiquities 7, 12, 3; for תְּהִלָּה, Psalm 39:4
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ὕμνος , -ου , ὁ ,
[in LXX for H8416, H5058, H7892, etc.;]
(a) in cl. a festal song in praise of gods or heroes;
(b) in LXX and NT a song of praise addressed to God: Ephesians 5:19, Colossians 3:16.†
SYN.: ψαλμός G5568, that which is sung to a musical accompaniment; ᾠδή G5603, the generic term for song (cf. Tr., Syn., § LXXviii, Lft. on Colossians 3:16).
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φαίνω is used in the sense of δοκεῖ (videtur), as in Mark 14:64, Luke 24:11, in P Par 62.23 (before B.C. 161) (= UPZ i. p. 309) ὁ δὲ φαίνεται τὴν ἡμέραν ἐκείνην ἀσχοληθείς, ";but he seems to have been engaged on that day,"; BGU IV. 1141.16 (B.C. 13) ἐγὼ μὲν οὐ δοκῶι ἄξιος εἶναι ὑβρίζεσθαι. . . οὐδὲ γὰρ ἡμάρτηκά τι εἰς σέ, οὐδὲ τοῖς σοῖς φίλοις φανή (σεται) ὑβρίζεσθαί με, P Oxy IV. 811 (c. A.D. 1) εἴ σοι φαί [νε ]ται γράψον αὐτῶι, ib. 746.8 (A.D. 16) τοῦτο οὖν ἐάν σοι φα [ί ]νηται σπουδάσεις κατὰ τὸ δίκαιον, ";if it seems good to you, further him in this matter, as is just,"; P Ryl II. 125.29 (A.D. 28–29) διὸ ἀξιῶι, ἐὰν φαίνηται, ἀχθῆναι τὸν ἐνκαλούμενο (ν) ἐπὶ σέ, ";wherefore I ask, if it seems good to you, that the accused be brought before you"; (Edd.), and P Oxy I. 37ii. 7 (report of a lawsuit—A.D. 49) φαίνεταί μοι κατὰ τὰ ὑπὸ τοῦ κυρίου ἡγεμόνος κριθέντα, ";I give judgment in accordance with the decision of our lord the praefect"; (Edd.). For a wider usage, see ib. XIV. 1626.4 (A.D. 325) εἰς ἔκτισιν τῶν φανη [σο ]μένων μισθῶν, ";to pay in full the sums found to have accrued";, cf. l..16 τὰ δὲ φανησόμενα ἄχρι συνπληρώσεως τῆς ἐπιμελείας, ";the sums found to have accrued up to the termination of his duties as superintendent"; (Edd.).
For the pass. ";appear,"; ";am manifest, "; cf. the restoration in Priene 105.36 (c. B.C. 9) φανεὶς δὲ ὁ ] Καῖσαρ τὰς ἐλπίδας τῶν προλαβόντων. . ., ";César, par son apparition, (a réalisé) les espérances des ancêtres"; (Rouffiac).
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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