Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #543 - ἀπείθεια
- obstinacy, obstinate opposition to the divine will
disobedience, X. Mem. 3.5.5, D.H. 9.41, Arr. Epict. 3.24.24; υἱοὶ τῆς ἀπειθείας Ephesians 5:7; later ἀπειθία, ἡ, BGU 747ii14 (ii A.D.), etc., Gloss.
(WH, -θία , exc. Hebrews 11:1-40. c.), -ας , ἡ (< ἀπειθής ),
[in LXX 4 Maccabees 8:9; 4 Maccabees 8:18; 4 Maccabees 12:4 *;]
disobedience (MM, VGT, s.v.): Romans 11:30; Romans 11:32, Hebrews 4:6; Hebrews 4:11; υἱοὶ τῆς ἀ . (gen. of definition, v. M, Pr., 73 f.), Ephesians 2:2; Ephesians 5:6, Colossians 3:6 (T, WH R, mg., omit).†
ἀπειθία , -ας , ἡ , see ἀπείθεια .
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
That this noun, with ἀπειθέω and ἀπειθής, connotes invariably ";disobedience, rebellion, contumacy,"; is made abundantly clear from papyri and inscriptions : Grimm’s assumption that ἀπειθέω (instead of ἀπιστέω) is the antithesis to πιστεύω, though supported by the RV mg (= AV) in John 3:36, has no warrant whatever. For the noun see P Oxy I. 34iii. 9 eff. (A.D. 127) τούτους τε οὖν κελεύω καὶ τοὺς πολειτικοὺς πάντας τὰ ἀκόλουθα τοῖ [ς ] προστεταγμένοις ποιεῖν, εἰδότας ὅ [τι ] τοὺς παραβάντας καὶ τοὺ [ς ] διὰ ἀπείθιαν κ [αὶ ] ὡς ἀφορμὴν ζητοῦντας ἁμαρτημάτω [ν ] τειμωρήσομαι, ";These therefore I command, and all the civil servants, to do what is in accord with the instructions given, knowing that those who have transgressed, and those who (have done wrong) deliberately (lit. by way of disobedience), and as seeking an occasion for wrong-doing, I shall punish."; (In the very elliptical phrase τοὺς διὰ ἀπείθειαν it is possible that the Eparch accidentally omitted ἁμαρτάνοντας, though it can be translated without : we can hardly get help from Romans 3:26 τὸν ἐκ πίστεως —cf. 4.14 c.—as the preposition is much easier). Add P Fay 21.2 (A.D. 134) [ὅπ ]ως τῆς ἀποθίας ἐκῖνοι τὴν προσήκουσαν δίκη [ν ὑ ]πόσχωσι, where the Edd. conjecture ἀπειθίας or ἀπαθείας, BGU III. 747ii. 14 (A.D. 139) ὑπόδιγμα τῆς ἀπειθίας, and P Rein 51.21 (iii/A.D.), where τ ̣η ̣̑ς τούτων ἀπιθείας follows μὴ πιθόμενοι νόμοι [ς ]
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.