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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #544 - ἀπειθέω
- not to allow one's self to be persuaded
- to refuse or withhold belief
- to refuse belief and obedience
- not to comply with
Att. form of ἀπῐθέω (though even Trag. preferred ἀπιστέω, q.v. 11),
1. to be disobedient, refuse compliance, A. Ag. 1049; opp. πείθομαι, Pl. Phdr. 271b: freq. c. dat., disobey, οὐκ ἀπειθήσας θεῷ E. Or. 31; ἀ. ἅμα νόμῳ καὶ τῷ θεῷ Pl. Lg. 741d, etc.; τὰ μεγάλα ἀ. τινί in great matters, Id. R. 538b; ἀ. ταῖς ἐνεχυρασίαις not to abide by them, Id. Lg. 949d: later c. gen., ψαφίσματος GDI 3705.111 (Cos); ἐντολῶν LXX John 5:6.
2. of animals, X. Cyr. 7.5.62; of ships, τοῖς οἴαξιν ἀ. D.S. 13.46.
3. of a woman, refuse compliance, Aristaenet. 2.20.
ἀπειθέω , -ῶ
(< ἀπειθής ),
as in cl. (MM, VGT, s.v.); to disobey, be disobedient: absol., Acts 14:2; Acts 19:9, Romans 10:21; Romans 11:31; Romans 15:31, Hebrews 3:18; Hebrews 11:31, 1 Peter 3:20; c. dat., John 3:36, Romans 2:8; Romans 11:30, 1 Peter 2:8; 1 Peter 3:1; 1 Peter 4:17 (Cremer, 475).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For ἀ. = ";disobey"; in its later as in its earlier history see s. v. ἀπείθεια and cf. P Hib I. 73.19 (B.C. 243–2) τὴν Πάτρωνος βίαν, ὃς ἀπειθῶν δια [τετέλεκε τοῖς πα ]ρὰ σοῦ προστάγμασιν, ";the violence of Patron, who has continued to disobey your orders"; (Edd.), P Tebt I. 6.46 (B.C. 139—decree of Euergetes II) τοὺς δὲ ἀπειθοῦντας ἐπαναγκάζετε εὐτάκτω [ς ] ἕκαστ᾽ ἀποδιδόναι, ";compel those who disobey to pay all the sums regularly"; (Edd.), ib. 49.17 (B.C. 113) ἐὰν δὲ ἀπειθῆι, ";if he refuses"; (Edd.). So Rev L 43.10 (iii/B.C.) [τ ]ῶν γεωργῶν τῶν ἠπειθηκότων, P Tebt I. 183 (late ii/B.C.) ἐ [ὰ ]ν δὲ ἀπει [θῶσι κ ]αταστῆσαι ἐπ [ὶ ] τὸν στρατη [γό ]ν, and from Roman times P Tebt II. 315.30 (ii/A.D.) ἔχι γὰρ συστατικὰς ̣[ὅ ]π ̣ως τὸν ἀπιθοῦντα μετὰ φρουρᾶς τῷ ἀρχιερῖ πέμπιν, ";he has instructions to send recalcitrants under guard to the high-priest"; (Edd.), P Oxy IX. 1185.31 (c. A.D. 200) εἰ δὲ μή γε, ὂ ̣ ἂν ἀπειθήσει τούτῳ μου τῷ διατά [γματι ], ";otherwise, if any one disobeys this my order,"; P Ryl II. 153.37 (A.D. 138–61) ἐὰν δ ]ε ̣̣ ἀπιθῇ ὁ [Μύρων καὶ μὴ ἀπ ]ο ̣δοῖ ταύτας, of disobedience to the terms of a will. Add from the inscriptions Syll 614.110 (Cos, dialect, iii/B.C.) αἰ δέ κά τις. . . ἀπειθῇ, let him be fined, ib. 510.82 (Ephesus, ii/B.C.) ὡς ἀπειθοῦντα καὶ ἐπιβουλεύοντα τοῖς συ (μ)φέρουσι τῆς πόλεως, ib. 737.99 (ii/A.D., Athens) ἐὰν δὲ ἀπειθῇ πρασσόμενος, he is to be denied entrance to the Bacchium, and similarly .142, ib. 653.40 (Andania, B.C. 91) τὸν δὲ ἀπειθοῦντα ἢ ἀπρεπῶς ἀναστρεφόμενον εἰς τὸ θεῖον μαστιγούντω οἱ ἱεροί, and so .43. We have not sought for more instances, but it has seemed desirable to give rather plentiful illustration to prove a case which is very important for doctrine.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany