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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5521 - χολή

Transliteration
cholḗ
Phonetics
khol-ay'
Origin
from an equivalent perhaps akin to the same as (G5514) (from the greenish hue)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. bile, gall
  2. in the OT used of other bitter things
    1. wormwood
    2. possibly myrrh
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3939 ‑ לַעֲנָה (lah‑an‑aw');  4845 ‑ מְרֵרָה (mer‑ay‑raw');  7218 ‑ רֹאשׁ (roshe);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
Matthew
1
Acts
1
NAS (2)
Matthew
1
Acts
1
HCS (2)
Matthew
1
Acts
1
BSB (2)
Matthew
1
Acts
1
ESV (2)
Matthew
1
Acts
1
WEB (2)
Matthew
1
Acts
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

χολή, ἡ,

gall, bile, Archil. 131, A. Ch. 184, E. Fr. 682, Th. 2.49, etc.; χ. μέλαινα black, i. e. diseased, bile, Hp. Aph. 4.23, Pl. Ti. 83c (but, = μελαγχολία, Men. Epit. 459); ξανθὴ χ. Hp. VM 19; πυρρά Gal. 15.658; χολὴν ἐμεῖν, βῆξαι, Nicopho 12, Herod. 3.70 (prob. l.): prov., πικρῷ πικρὰν κλύζουσι φαρμάκῳ χολήν S. Fr. 854; πικρότερ' αὐτῆς τῆς χ. Alex. 16.12; χολῇ ἀλείφειν, prov. of giving one a disgust for a thing, from the custom of mothers putting gall to the nipple when the child was to be weaned, Diph. 74.

2. pl. χολαί, gall-bladder, S. Ant. 1010; called δοχαὶ χολῆς, E. El. 828; also in sg., A. Pr. 495; χολὴν τῶν ζῴων τὰ μὲν ἔχει τὰ δ' οὐκ ἔχει Arist. HA 506a20, cf. PA 677b11.

3. metaph. (mostly in Poets) like χόλος (q. v.), bile, gall, i. e. bitter anger, wrath, Ar. Pax 66; ἢ γυναιξὶν οὐκ οἴει χολὴν ἐνεῖναι; Id. Lys. 465; οὐδεὶς χολὴν οὐδ' ὀργὴν ἔχων φανήσεται D. 25.27; πάνυ ἐστ' ἤδη χ. stirs my bile, makes me sick, Ar. Ra. 4; ἐπιζεῖ χ. the bile boils over, Id. Th. 468; χολὴν κινεῖν Id. V. 403, cf. Pherecr. 69.

II ink of the cuttle-fish, Nic. Al. 473, Th. 561.

III in LXX = Hebr. rôsh, a poisonous plant, variously called hemlock or poppy, Psalms 69:22(68).22, Jeremiah 8:14. serpent's venom, χ. ἀσπίδος ib. Job 20:14; of the hydra's venom, Apollod. 2.5.2, D.S. 4.11. bitter drink, Matthew 27:34. (With χολή, χόλος, cf. Lat. fel, ONorse gall, etc., 'bile, gall': prob. the name is derived from the colour of bile, and is cogn. with Lat. (h) olus, helvus, Germ. gelb 'yellow', perh. also χλόη.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

χολή , -ῆς , ,

[in LXX for H7218, H3939, H4845;]

gall: Matthew 27:34 (here prob. = myrrh, cf. Mark 15:23, v. Swete, in l; DCG, i, 634); metaph., Acts 8:23.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";advantage,"; ";benefit."; The form ὠφέλια, which is read in Romans 3:1, Judges 1:16, was already classical, and is also found in the papyri and inscrr. (always in Attic inscrr., Meisterhans Gr. p. 56), e.g. P Oxy XII. 1409.11 (A.D. 278) τὴν γὰρ ἀπὸ τῶν ἔργων τούτων γεινομένην ὠϕ ̣[έλι ]α ̣ν πάντας ε ̣[ἰδέναι πέ ]πεισμαι, ";for I am persuaded that every one is aware of the benefit resulting from these works (sc. repairing of the dykes)"; (Edd.), ib. 1477.4 (question to an oracle-iii/iv A.D.) εἶ ἔχω ὠφέλιαν ἀπὸ τοῦ φίλου; ";am I to obtain benefit from my friend?"; Priene II.5 (c. B.C. 297) [πὸ τῆ ]ς ὠφελίας, and Cagnat IV. 946.11.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
χολή χολην χολήν χολὴν χολης χολής χολῆς χόλω χονδριτών cholen cholēn cholḕn choles cholês cholēs cholē̂s
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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