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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5522 - χόος

from the base of (G5494)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
  1. earth dug out, an earth heap
  2. dust
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
HCS ( 0 )
HCS (2)
BSB (2)
ESV (2)
WEB (2)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

χοός, v. χοῦς (A) and (B).


(A), , also Anaxandr. 41.13 (anap.), Nic. Th. 103: (χέω):

a measure of capacity, = 12 κοτύλαι: nom. sg. χοῦς Anaxandr. 71, Alex. 15.19, Men. Her.Fr. 5, IG 11(2).219 A 40 (Delos, iii B. C.); gen. χοός Ar. Th. 347 (cod. R and Suid., fort χοῶς), Tab.Heracl. 2.36, 57, IG 22.1013.55; χοῦ (in signf. 11) ib.1252.11, Ath.Mitt. 30.146 (Mysia); dat. χοΐ Anaxandr. 41.13, D. Prooem. 53, PFrankf. 1.19, al. (iii B. C.) (also Dor. Tab.Heracl. 1.103); χῷ (in signf. 11) Ath.Mitt. 30.145; acc. χοῦν Dsc. 5.7, Ael. NA 16.12, IG 22.1366.23, PHolm. 16.10; written χον (in signf. 11), SIG 57.21 (Milet., v B. C.); χόα Choerob. in Theod. 1.238H.; nom. pl. χόες Pl. Tht. 173e, IG 22.1672.200, Inscr.Délos 396 A 67 (iii B. C.), Gal. 18(2).258; contr. χοῦς AP 5.182 (Posidipp.); gen. pl. χῶν IG 12(5).593 A 9 (Ceos, v B. C.), χοῶν SIG 647.27 (Stiris, ii B. C.); acc. χοῦς Tab.Heracl. 1.103, PMich.Zen. 94.4 (iii B. C.); χόας Hero *Mens. 19, *Geom. 23.63, Aristid. 1.18J., Lib. Or. 11.126, Gp. 8.20.1, al. (χοας unaccented, SIG 953.18 (Cnidus, ii B. C.)): also nom. sg. χοεύς Hp. Epid. 7.10, IG 11(2).219 A 8 (Delos, iii B. C.); gen. χοῶς Ar. Pax 537 (χοός ap. Suid.); χοέως Gal. 12.932, S.E. M. 9.320; dat. χοέϊ or χοεῖ Hp. Salubr. 5, Morb. 3.17 cod. θ, PHib. 1.90.11 (iii B. C.), Choerob. in Theod. 1.238H.; acc. χοᾶ Ar. Eq. 355, Ach. 1202 (lyr.), Men. 915 (contr. fr. χοέα, as correctly expld. by Hdn.Gr. 2.13 and Choerob. l.c.; found at end of a verse in Ar. Eq. 95, 113, Ach. 1133, Eub. 80.4, Men. l.c.); χοέα Hp. Morb. 3.17, Dsc. 5.72, 73, Gp. 2.6.42, Gal. 12.931: nom. pl. χοεῖς IG 11(2).237.3 (Delos, iii B. C.), Inscr.Délos 440 A 20, 62 (ii B. C.), Ostr.Bodl. i 343 (ii B. C.); written χοιεῖς PCair.Zen. 160.3 (iii B. C.); acc. χοᾶς Ar. Ec. 44, Th. 746 (cod. R, cf. Suid.), Arist. HA 627b4; later χοέας Ph. Bel. 90.26; χοεῖς LXX 3 Ki. 7.24 (38), Dsc. 5.7, 63, 68, PHolm. 16.11, 17; dat. χοεῦσιν Arist. GC 328a27; χόεσι or χοέσι (perh. formed like δρομέσι) Wilcken Chr. 176.7 (i A. D.): the unaccented forms χοα, χοας, χοων, PCair.Zen. 516.21, 16, 19 (iii B. C.), prob. belong to χοεύς: prov., of attempts to measure the immeasurable, οἱ τῆς θαλάττης λεγόμενοι χόες Pl. Tht. 173d; ὡσπερανεί τις ἐξαριθμεῖσθαι βούλοιτο τοὺς χόας τῆς θαλάττης Aristid. l.c.

II = συμβολή iv, ἡ πόλις διδοῖ.. χο̄ν (v. supr.) τὸμ παλαιὸν ὁρτῆς ἑκάστης SIG 57.21 (Milet., v B. C.); εἶναι αὐτοῖς ἀτέλειαν τοῦ χοῦ IG 22.1252.11; Argive acc. sg. χῶν Hegesand. 31.

2. name of a society or club, ἄρξαντα χοῦ Ath.Mitt. 30.146 (Mysia); Διῒ Ὑψίστῳ καὶ τῷ ib.145 (ibid.).

III Χόες, οἱ, the Pitcher-feast, a name given to the second day of the Anthesteria, Call. Aet. 1.1.2; gen. Χοῶν Eubulid. 1, Timae. 128; dat. τοῖς Χουσί Ar. Ach. 1211, Ath. 7.276c; acc. τοὺς Χοᾶς Ar. Ach. 961; τοὺς Χοᾶς ἄγειν D. 39.16, cf. Phanod. 13; τοὺς Χοῦς IG 3.1342.


(B), , also Str. 10.2.19, 12.8.17, 16.1.9: (χέω):

soil excavated or heaped up, ὁ χ. ὁ ἐξορυχθείς Hdt. 2.150; τὸν αἰεὶ ἐξορυσσόμενον χοῦν Id. 7.23, cf. 1.185, 8.28, Pherecr. 121 (anap.), Th. 2.76, 4.90, IG 22.380.26, etc.: gen. χοῦ Arr. An. 2.27.4, POxy. 1631.28 (iii A. D.) (un contr. χόου IG 9(1).691.6 (Corcyra)); also (from confusion with χοῦς A) gen. χοός LX X. Ecclesiastes 3:20, PTeb. 342.27 (ii A. D.), PBremen 14.13; dat. χοΐ IG 12(3), 248.10 (Anaphe, ii B. C.), Hsch.

2. = κονιορτός, dust, LXX 3 Ki. 18.38, al., Mark 6:11.

3. χοῦς θανάτου the grave, LXX Psalms 22:16(21).16, cf. Hsch., Suid.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

χοῦς , -οός ,

acc, οῦν , , (contr. from χόος ),

[in LXX chiefly for H6083;]

1. earth, soil.

2. In later writers (Pint., LXX), = κονιορτός , dust: Mark 6:11, Revelation 18:19.†

χόος , see χοῦς .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";help,"; ";benefit,"; c. ace. pers. as in Hebrews 4:2, Preisigke 4305.10 (iii/B.C.) εἰ μὴ τὴν μήκωνα (";the poppy";) συνάξεις, μ ̣[η ]δ ̣ε ̣ίς σε ἀνθρώπων μὴ ὠφελήσηι, P Oxy IX. 1219.12 (iii/A.D.) οἶδα ὅτι καὶ ταῦτά μου τὰ γράμματα πόλλ᾽ αὐτὸν ὠφελήσει, ";I know that this letter of mine also will be of much help to him,"; and ib. XII. 1490.4 (late iii/A.D.) λέγει γὰρ ο ̣̓́τι ̣ ὠφέλησα αὐτὸν μεγάλως καὶ ἐν τῇ ἀννώνῃ, ";he says ‘I helped him greatly in the matter of the annona.";

For the verb = ";instruct,"; as frequently in early ecclesiastical writers, cf. Pelagia-Legenden p. 320 οἱ ἐπίσκοποι. . . ἠρώτων τὸν κύριον Νόννον εἰπεῖν καὶ ὠφελῆσαι αὐτούς. According to Field (Notes, p. 21) the meaning ";prevail,"; which is attached to the verb by AV, RV, in Matthew 27:24, John 12:19, seems to require confirmation. MGr φελῶ, ";I assist, am useful"; : ὠφελεῖ, ";it is useful, advantageous.";



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
χνους χοϊ χοός χουν χούν χοῦν χους χούς χρυσήν choun choûn
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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