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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #610 - ἀπόκριμα
- an answer
- 2Co. 1:9 where the meaning is "on asking myself whether I should come out safe from mortal peril, I answered 'I must Die'"
ἀπόκρῐμα, ατος, τό,
1. judicial sentence, condemnation (= κατάκριμα, Hsch.), τὸ ἀ. τοῦ θανάτου 2 Corinthians 1:9.
2. (from Med.) answer, δοῦναί τισι Plb. 12.26b. 1; esp. of the answers given by Emperors to legationes, ὁ ἐπὶ τῶν Ἑλληνικῶν ἀ. SIG 804.5 (Cos, i A. D.); ἐπὶ τῶν ἐπιστολῶν καὶ πρεσβειῶν καὶ ἀ. Suid. s.v. Διονύσιος, cf. IG 12(1).2.4 (Rhodes, i A. D., pl.), J. AJ 14.10.6; also of a proconsul of Asia, OGI 494.18 (Milet., ii A. D.). rescript, θεοῦ Ἁδριανοῦ PTeb. 286.1 (ii A. D.).
† ἀπό -κριμα , -τος , τό
(< ἀποκρίνω );
1. prop., a judicial sentence: 2 Corinthians 1:9, R, mg.
2. an answer (v. Thayer, s.v.): 2 Corinthians 1:9, R, txt. (In FlJ, Ant., xiv, 10, 6, of a rescript of the Senate; in Inscr. of an official decision, Deiss., BS, 257; a reply to a deputation, MM, s.v.: cf. also Cremer, 3'75).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
OGIS 335.95 (ii/B.C.) τὰ ἀ ]ποσταλέντα ὑπ [αὐ ]τῶν ἀποκρίματα and .119 καθό [τ ]ι καὶ αὐτοὶ διὰ τῶν ἀποκριμάτω [ν ] ἐνεφάνισαν. Still nearer in point of time to the sole NT occurrence of the word (2 Corinthians 1:9) is IMAe 2.4 (Rhodes, A.D. 51) in which τὰ εὐκταιότατα ἀποκρίματα refer to favourable decisions of the Emperor Claudius (Deissmann, BS p. 257) : cf. IG VII. 2711.64 ff. (A.D. 37) προσενδεξάμενος κατὰ δωρεὰν [πρεσ ]βεύσιν πρὸς τὸν Σεβαστὸν. . . ἤνενκεν ἀπόκριμα πρὸς τὸ ἔθνος πάσης [φιλαν ]θρωπίας καὶ ἐλπίδων ἀγαθῶν πλῆρες. OGIS 494.18 (? i/iiA.D.) joins ἐπιστολαί, ἀποκρίματα, διατάγματα : Dittenberger defines these successively in the context as dispatches addressed by the proconsul to the Emperor, the Senate, etc., replies given to deputations of provincials to him, and edicta, or documents addressed to the people at large, and not to individuals. See also his note on Syll 368.5 (i/A.D.), where C. Stertinius, chief physician to the Imperial family, is also ἐπὶ τῶν Ἑλληνικῶν ἀποκριμάτων. In P Tebt II. 286.1 (A.D. 121–38) ἀ. is a ";rescript"; of Hadrian. Paul (l.c.) may be taken as meaning that he made his distressed appeal to God, and kept in his own heart’s archives the answer—";ἀποθάνῃ τὸ δὲ ἀποθανεῖν κέρδος,"; as we might reconstruct it.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Week of Proper 25 / Ordinary 30