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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #611 - ἀποκρίνομαι

Transliteration
apokrínomai
Phonetics
ap-ok-ree'-nom-ahee
Origin
from (G575) and krino
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
3:944,
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to give an answer to a question proposed, to answer
  2. to begin to speak, but always where something has preceded (either said or done) to which the remarks refer
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 559 ‑ אָמַר (aw‑mar');  1875 ‑ דָּרַשׁ (daw‑rash');  2734 ‑ חָרָה (khaw‑raw');  3045 ‑ יָדַע (yaw‑dah');  3384 ‑ יָרָא (yaw‑raw', yaw‑raw');  3426 ‑ יֵשׁ (yaysh);  5042 ‑ נָבַע (naw‑bah');  6030 ‑ עָנָה (aw‑naw');  7650 ‑ שָׁבַע (shaw‑bah');  7725 ‑ שׁוּב (shoob);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (251)
Matthew
55
Mark
45
Luke
50
John
78
Acts
21
Colossians
1
Revelation
1
NAS (208)
Matthew
37
Mark
27
Luke
45
John
76
Acts
21
Colossians
1
Revelation
1
HCS (202)
Matthew
48
Mark
22
Luke
38
John
73
Acts
20
Colossians
1
BSB (231)
Matthew
55
Mark
30
Luke
46
John
78
Acts
20
Colossians
1
Revelation
1
ESV (91)
Matthew
13
Mark
12
Luke
6
John
43
Acts
15
Colossians
1
Revelation
1
WEB (237)
Matthew
57
Mark
40
Luke
42
John
77
Acts
19
Colossians
1
Revelation
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀποκριìνομαι

From G575 and κρινω krino

κρίνω [], Ephesians 3:1-21 sg. ind. κρίνησι (δια -) f.l. in Theoc. 25.46: fut. κρῐνῶ, , Ion. κρῐνέω (δια -) Il. 2.387: aor. ἔκρῑνα Od. 18.264, etc.: pf. κέκρῐκα Pl. Lg. 734c, etc.: Med., fut. κρῐνοῦμαι E. Med. 609, but in pass. sense, Pl. Grg. 521e: aor. ἐκρῑνάμην Il. 9.521, etc.: Pass., fut. κρῐθήσομαι A. Eu. 677, Antipho 6.37, etc.: aor. ἐκρίθην [ ] Pi. N. 7.7, etc.; 3 pl. κρίθεν Id. P. 4.168, ἔκριθεν A.R. 4.1462; opt. κρινθεῖτε (δια -) Il. 3.102, part. κρινθείς 13.129, Od. 8.48, inf. κρινθήμεναι A.R. 2.148: pf. κέκρῐμαι Pi. O. 2.30, And. 4.35, etc.; inf. κεκρίσθαι (ἀπο -) Pl. Men. 75c: Aeol. κρίννω dub.in IG 12(2).278 (Mytil.): aor. ἔκριννε ib. 6.28(Mytil., ἐπ-); inf. κρίνναι ib.526b15: Thess. pres. inf. κρεννέμεν ib.9(2).517.14 (Larissa):

I separate, put asunder, distinguish, ὅτε τε ξανθὴ Δημήτηρ κρίνῃ.. καρπόν τε καὶ ἄχνας Il. 5.501, etc.; κρῖν' ἄνδρας κατὰ φῦλα 2.362. cf. 446; ἥλιος ἠὼ καὶ δύσιν ἔκρινεν Emp. 154.1; κ. τὸ ἀληθές τε καὶ μή Pl. Tht. 150b; τούς τε ἀγαθοὺς καὶ τοὺς κακούς X. Mem. 3.1.9, etc.: also Med., ἀντία δ' ἐκρίναντο δέμας καὶ σήματ' ἔθεντο χωρὶς ἀπ' ἀλλήλων Parm. 8.55: Pass., κρινόμενον πῦρ Emp. 62.2.

II pick out, choose, ἐν δ' ἐρέτας ἔκρινεν ἐείκοσιν Il. 1.309; ἐκ Λυκίης.. φῶτας ἀρίστους 6.188, cf. Od. 4.666, 9.90, 195, 14.217, etc.; κ. τινὰ ἐκ πάντων Hdt. 6.129; κρίνασα δ' ἀστῶν.. τὰ βέλτατα A. Eu. 487; δίδωμί σοι κρίναντι χρῆσθαι S. OC 641, etc.: Med., κρίνασθαι ἀρίστους to choose the best, Il. 9.521, cf. 19.193, Od. 4.408, 530, etc.:

1. Pass., to be chosen out, distinguished, ἵνα τε κρίνονται ἄριστοι 24.507; esp.in partt., κεκριμένος picked out, chosen, Il. 10.417, Od. 13.182, al., Hdt. 3.31; κρινθείς Il. 13.129, Od. 8.48; ἀρετᾷ κριθείς distinguished for.., Pi. N. 7.7; κριθέντων ἐν τοῖς ἱερέοις approved.., GDI 2049.15 (Delph.); ἀσπίδα.. κεκριμένην ὕδατι καὶ πολέμῳ proved by sea and land, AP 9.42 (Leon.); ἐν ζῶσι κεκριμένα numbered among.., cj. in E. Supp. 969 (lyr.); εἰς τοὺς ἐφήβους κριθείς Luc. Amos 2:1-16.

2. decide disputes, κρίνων νείκεα πολλά Od. 12.440; ἔκριναν μέγα νεῖκος.. πολέμοιο 18.264: c.acc. cogn., οἳ.. σκολιὰς κρίνωσι θέμιστας judge crooked judgements, Il. 16.387; κ. δίκας Hdt. 2.129; κρῖνε δ' εὐθεῖαν δίκην A. Eu. 433, etc.; πρώτας δίκας κρίνοντες αἵματος ib. 682; κρινεῖ δὲ δὴ τίς ταῦτα; Ar. Ra. 805; κ. κρίσιν Pl. R. 36o e; ἄριστα κ. Th. 6.39; κρίνουσι βοῇ καὶ οὐ ψήφῳ they decide the question.., Id. 1.87; μίσει πλέον ἢ δίκῃ κ. Id. 3.67; τὸ δίκαιον κ. Isoc. 14.10; τῷ τοῦτο κρίνεις; by what do you form this judgement ? Ar. Pl. 48; κ. περί τινος Pi. N. 5.40, Pl. Ap. 35d, Arist. Rh. 1391b9, etc.: Pass., ἀγὼν κριθήσεται A. Eu. 677; κἂν ἰσόψηφος κριθῇ (sc. ἡ δίκη) ib. 741: impers., κριθησόμενον a decision being about to be taken, Arr. An. 3.9.6. decide a contest, e.g. for a prize, ἀγῶνα κ. Ar. Ra. 873; ἔργον ἐν κύβοις Ἄρης κρινεῖ A. Th. 414: c. acc. pers., κ. τὰς θεάς decide their contest, i.e. judge them, E. IA 72: Pass., Id. Supp. 601 (lyr.); αἱ μάχαι κρίνονται ταῖς ψυχαῖς X. Cyr. 3.3.19: Med. and Pass., of persons, have a contest decided, come to issue, κρινώμεθ' Ἄρηϊ Il. 2.385, cf. 18.209; ὁπότε μνηστῆρσι καὶ ἡμῖν.. μένος κρίνηται Ἄρηος Od. 16.269; βίηφι κ. Hes. Th. 882; dispute, contend, Ar. Nu. 66; περὶ ἀρετῆς Hdt. 3.120; οὐ κρινοῦμαι.. σοι τὰ πλείονα E. Med. 609; δίκῃ περί τινος κρίνεσθαι Th. 4.122; κρίνεσθαι μετά τινος v.l. in LXX Jd. 8.1, Job 9:3; πολλαῖς μάχαις κριθείς Nic.Dam. 20 J.; compete in games, c. acc. cogn., κριθέντα Πύθια JRS 3.295 (Antioch. Pisid.): pf. part., decided, clear, strong, κεκριμένος οὖρος Il. 14.19; πόνοι κεκρ. decided, ended, Pi. N. 4.1. win a battle, τὴν μάχην Ἀννίβας ἔκρινε Plb. 3.117.11.

3. adjudge, κράτος τινί S. Aj. 443: Pass., τοῖς οὔτε νόστος.. κρίθη Pi. P. 8.84; τὰ κριθησόμενα the sum adjudged to be paid, PLips. 38.13 (iv A. D.). abs., judge, give judgement, ἄκουσον.. καὶ κρῖνον Ar. Fr. 473; ἀδίκως κ. Pherecr. 96, cf. Men. Mon. 287, 576. Medic., bring to a crisis, τὸ θερμὸν φίλιόν [ἐστι] καὶ κρῖνον Hp. Aph. 5.22; κ. τὰ νοσήματα Gal. Nat. Fac. 1.13, al.: Pass., of a sick person, come to a crisis, ἐκρίθη εἰκοσταῖος Hp. Epid. 1.15 (also impers. in Act., ἔκρινε τούτοισιν ἑνδεκαταίοισιν the crisis came.., ib. 18); τοῦ πάθους κριθέντος D.S. 19.24.

4. judge of, estimate, πρὸς ἐμαυτὸν κρίνων [αὐτόν ] judging of him by myself, D. 21.154; πρὸς ἀργύριον τὴν εὐδαιμονίαν κ. Isoc. 4.76: Pass., ἴσον παρ' ἐμοὶ κέκριται Hdt. 7.16. α'; εὔνοιακαιρῷ κρίνεται Men. 691.

5. expound, interpret in a particular way, τὸ ἐνύπνιον ταύτῃ ἔκριναν Hdt. 1.120, cf. 7.19, A. Pr. 485, etc.: in Med., ὁ γέρων ἐκρίνατ' ὀνείρους Il. 5.150.

6. c. acc. et inf., decide or judge that.., Hdt. 1.30, 214, Pl. Tht. 17o d, etc.; κρίνω σὲ νικᾶν A. Ch. 903; so, with the inf. omitted, ἀνδρῶν πρῶτον κ. τινά S. OT 34; Ἔρωτα δ' ὅστις μὴ θεὸν κρίνει μέγαν E. Fr. 269; τὴν πόλιν ἀθλιωτάτην ἔκρινας Pl. R. 578b; ἐκ τῶν λόγων μὴ κρῖνε.. σοφόν Philem. 228: Pass., Ἑλλήνων ἕνα κριθέντ' ἄριστον S. Ph. 1345, cf. Th. 2.40, etc.

7. decide in favour of, prefer, choose, κρίνω δ' ἄφθονον ὄλβον A. Ag. 47 [*], cf. Supp. 396 (both lyr.); τὴν ἐλπίδα τῆς τύχης πάρος S. Tr. 724; τινὰ πρό τινος Pl. R. 399e, cf. Phlb. 57e; τι πρός τι Id. Phd. 110a (Pass.); εἴ σφε κρίνειεν Πάρις E. Tr. 928, cf. Ar. Av. 1103, Ec. 1155; choose between, δύ' ἔσθ' ἃ κρῖναι τὸν γαμεῖν μέλλοντα δεῖ, ἤτοι προσηνῆ γ' ὄψιν ἢ χρηστὸν τρόπον Men. 584.

8. c. inf. only, determine to do a thing, UPZ 42.37 (ii B. C.), Titus 3:12; 1 Corinthians 2:2, etc.; ζῆν μεθ' ὧν κρίνῃ τις ἄν (sc. ζῆν) with whom he chooses to live, Men. 506; but τὸ βιάζεσθαι οὐκ ἔκρινε D.S. 15.32.

9. form a judgement of a thing, μὴ κρῖν' ὁρῶν τὸ κάλλος Men. Mon. 333.

III

1. in Trag., question, αὐτὸν.. ἅπας λεὼς κρίνει παραστάς S. Tr. 195; εἴ νιν πρὸς βίαν κρίνειν θέλοις ib. 388; καὶ κρῖνε κἀξέλεγχ ' Id. Ant. 399; μὴ κρῖνε, μὴ 'ξέταζε Id. Aj. 586; σέ τοι, σὲ κρίνω Id. El. 1445.

2. bring to trial, accuse, D. 2.29, 18.15, 19.233; κ. θανάτου judge (in matters) of life and death, X. Cyr. 1.2.14; κ. τινὰ προδοσίας Lycurg. 113; περὶ προδοσίας Isoc. 15.129; κ. τινὰ κακώσεως ἐπαρχίας, Lat. repetundarum, Plu. Caes. 4: Pass., to be brought to trial, Th. 6.29; θανάτου (δίκῃ add. cod. B) Id. 3.57; Λεωκράτους τοῦ κρινομένου Lycurg. 1; κρίνομαι πρὸς Σωφρόνην; Men. Epit. 529; τρὶς κρίνεται παρ' ὑμῖν περὶ θανάτου D. 4.47; ἐκρίνετο τὴν περὶ Ὠρωποῦ κρίσιν θανάτου Id. 21.64: c. gen. criminis, κρίνεσθαι δώρων Lys. 27.3: κ. ἐπ' ἀδικήματι Plu. 2.241e: abs., ὁ κεκριμένος Aeschin. 2.159.

3. pass sentence upon, condemn, D. 19.232: Pass., to be judged, condemned, κακούργου.. ἐστι κριθέντ' ἀποθανεῖν Id. 4.47; μὴ κρίνετε, ἵνα μὴ κριθῆτε Matthew 7:1; τὰ κεκριμένα the judgement of a court, PRyl. 76.8 (ii A. D.). (κρῐ-ν - y ω ἐ-κρῐ-ν-σα, cf. Lat. cerno (from * cr[icaron]-n-), crîbrum (from * crei-dhrom).)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀπό -κρίνω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H6030;]

in cl.,

1. to separate, distinguish.

2. to choose. Mid., to answer: Matthew 27:12, Mark 14:61, Luke 3:16; Luke 23:9, John 5:17; John 5:19, Acts 3:12. In late Gk. the pass. also is used in this sense, and pass. forms are the more freq. in NT (M, Pr., 39, 161; MM, s.v.);

(a) in general sense: absol., Mark 12:34; c. acc rei, Matthew 22:46; c. dat. pers., Matthew 12:38; seq. πρός , Acts 25:16;

(b) Hebraistically

(i) like H6030, to begin to speak, take up the conversation (Kennedy, Sources, 124 f.): Matthew 11:25, a1.,

(ii) redundant, as in the Heb. phrase H559 H6030 (Dalman, Words, 24 f., 38; M, Proverbs 14:1-35; B1., § 58, 4; 74, 2; Cremer, 374): ἀποκριθεὶς εἶπε , Matthew 4:4; ἔφη Matthew 8:8; λέγει Mark 3:33; in John most freq. ἀπεκ . κ . εἶπε , John 1:49


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Syll 928.52 (Magnesia, early ii/B.C.) περὶ ταύ [της τῆς ] χώρας τῆς παρὰ Πριηνέων ἀποκεκριμένης οὔσης shows the old ἀποκρίνω in passive. For the combination of pf. partic. and ὤν, cf. Colossians 1:21. In P Ryl II. 122.11 (A.D. 127) εἰς τὸ κἀμὲ δύνασθαι ἀποκριθῆναι τῶι δημοσίωι, ";enabling me thus to fulfil my duties towards the Treasury"; (Edd.), we have an isolated ex. of the passive aor. not meaning ";answer."; This latter, so overwhelmingly predominant in NT, is rather surprisingly uncommon in the non-literary Κοινή. Early inscriptional instances are Syll 328.11 (B.C. 84) ἀπεκρίθ [ην κα ]λῶς [αὐτ ]όν [τε δεδω ]κέναι καὶ κτλ., ib. 307.61 (B.C. 150–47) ἔδοξεν. . . τούτοις φιλανθρώπως ἀποκριθῆναι, ib. 930.54 (B.C. 112), same phrase : the last two are senatus consulta, starting in Latin. Similarly the dialectic Syll 654.5 (? ii/B.C.) ἀποκριθῆμεν τοῖς πρεσβευταῖς διότι κτλ. Mayser, p. 379, pronounces it ";die eigentliche κοινή -form,"; but he only has five instances, P Par 34.10 (B.C. 157), 35.30 (B.C. 163), 15.35 (B.C. 120), P Leid Uiii. 11 (ii/B.C.), and. P Grenf I. 37.14 (B.C. 108—ἐκρίθη for ἀπεκρ.) : he cannot, however, quote any cases of ἀπεκρινάμην. On the other hand we cannot find any more instances of ἀπεκρίθην from later papyri, except P Lond 121.330 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 95), and two Christian documents, P Grenf II. 112.20 (a Festal Epistle, A.D. 577 ?) and PSI 26.1 (see Addenda) (v/A.D.—acts of a martyrdom). Since MGr ἀποκρίθηκα shows that it lived on, its disappearance in the post-Ptolemaic period outside NT is hard to explain. It is not, however, replaced by ἀπεκρινάμην, as to which subsequent information has antiquated the statement in Proleg. p. 161 f. (corrected in Einleitung p. 254 n..1). For the middle aorist occurs very often in papyri, but they are without exception legal reports, in which ἀπεκρείνατο (so usually—also ptc. or inf.) means ";replied,"; of an advocate or a party in a suit. The references had better be appended : P Hib I. 31.24 (c. B.C. 270) . . . ]π ̣εκρίνᾳ [το. . . , no context, but the whole document proves its connotation), P Amh II. 66.37 (A.D. 124), P Catti. 22 (= Chrest. II. p. 419) (ii/A.D.), P Oxy II. 237vii. 25, .33 (A.D. 186), ib. III. 653 (A.D. 162–3), BGU I. 114i. 22 (ii/A.D.), 136.15 (A.D. 135), and 361iii. 6, .12 (ii/A.D.), ib. II. 388ii. 17, .30 (ii/iii A.D.), ib. III. 969i. 16 (A.D. 142?), P Lips I. 32.1, .5, .6 (iii/A.D.), ib. 33ii. 15 and 36.5 (iv/A.D.), Chrest. II. 78.9 (p. 86, A.D. 376–8), P Théad 14.24 (iv/A.D.) δι᾽ ἑρμηνέ [ως ] ἀπεκρείναν [το (in a procès verbal), BGU III. 936.13 (A.D. 426), PSI 52.33 (vi/A.D.) and 61.33, 62.24 (early vii/A.D.)—all three πᾶσιν τοῖς πρὸς αὐτὸν (or –ὴν) ἐπιζητουμένοις ἀποκρίνασθαι. The only one that need be noted specially is P Giss I. 40ii. 8 (A.D. 212), where Caracalla says ἵνα μή τις στενότε ̣ρ ̣ον παρερμηνεύσῃ τὴν χάριτά μου ἐκ τῶν ῥη [μά ]των το [ ] προτέρου διατάγματος, ἐν ᾧ οὕτως ἀπεκριν [ ]μην κτλ. This may represent rescripsi, but in any case we cannot miss the formal and weighty tone of the verb.

We proceed to compare these facts with those of Biblical Greek. Thackeray tells us (Gr. p. 239) that ἀπεκρίθην ";is employed throughout the LXX : the classical ἀπεκρινάμην in the few passages where it occurs seems to be chosen as suitable for solemn or poetical language."; Such a passage as 3 Regn 2.1, the last charge of King David to his heir, might be compared with Caracalla’s use of the form. The fairly clear use in the fragment of a law report from P Hib above tells us that the legal use was already possible at the time when the LXX was growing. So we may take its meaning throughout as being (1) ";uttered solemnly,"; (2) ";replied in a court of law."; These two meanings cover all the NT passages : (1) accounts for Luke 3:16, John 5:17; John 5:19, Acts 3:12, (2) for Matthew 27:12, Mark 14:61, Luke 23:9, with John 5:11 (א*) not far away. With the absence of ἀπεκρίθην from the Pauline and other Epistles, and the Apocalypse except for one passage, we may compare the silence of the papyri after ii/B.C. We are inclined to suggest that the word belongs only to early Hellenistic, whence it was taken by the LXX translators to render a common Hebrew phrase, passing thence into the narrative parts of NT as a definite ";Septuagintalism."; From the Gospels and Acts it passed into ecclesiastical diction (cf. Reinhold, p. 77), and so ultimately into MGr. The contrast between the two halves of the NT will thus be parallel with that noted above under ᾅδης.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απεκριθη απεκρίθη ἀπεκρίθη απεκριθην απεκρίθην ἀπεκρίθην απεκριθης απεκρίθης ἀπεκρίθης απεκριθησαν απεκρίθησαν απεκρίθησάν ἀπεκρίθησαν απεκρίθητε απεκρίθητέ απεκρίναντο απεκρινατο απεκρίνατο ἀπεκρίνατο αποκέκριταί αποκριθεις αποκριθείς αποκρίθεις ἀποκριθεὶς αποκριθεισα αποκριθείσα ἀποκριθεῖσα αποκριθείσαι αποκριθείσιν αποκριθεν αποκριθέν ἀποκριθὲν αποκριθεντες αποκριθέντες ἀποκριθέντες αποκριθη αποκριθή ἀποκριθῇ αποκριθηναι αποκριθήναι αποκριθήναί ἀποκριθῆναι αποκριθήσεσθε αποκριθησεται αποκριθήσεται ἀποκριθήσεται αποκριθήση αποκριθήσομαι αποκριθήσομαί αποκριθησονται αποκριθήσονται ἀποκριθήσονται αποκριθητε αποκριθήτέ αποκρίθητε αποκρίθητέ ἀποκριθῆτε ἀποκρίθητέ αποκρίθητί αποκριθώ αποκριθώσί αποκριθωσιν ἀποκριθῶσιν αποκρινεσθαι αποκρίνεσθαι αποκρίνεσθαί ἀποκρίνεσθαι αποκρίνεσθε αποκρινεται αποκρίνεται αποκρίνεταί ἀποκρίνεται αποκρινη αποκρίνη ἀποκρίνῃ αποκρινόμενα αποκρινόμενος αποκρίνου ἑκάστῳ apekrinato apekrínato apekrithe apekrithē apekríthe apekríthē apekrithen apekrithēn apekríthen apekríthēn apekrithes apekrithēs apekríthes apekríthēs apekrithesan apekrithēsan apekríthesan apekríthēsan apokrine apokrinē apokrínei apokrínēi apokrinesthai apokrínesthai apokrinetai apokrínetai apokrithe apokrithē apokrithêi apokrithē̂i apokritheis apokritheìs apokritheisa apokritheîsa apokrithen apokrithèn apokrithenai apokrithênai apokrithēnai apokrithē̂nai apokrithentes apokrithéntes apokrithesetai apokrithēsetai apokrithḗsetai apokrithesontai apokrithēsontai apokrithḗsontai apokrithete apokrithête apokrithēte apokrithē̂te apokrítheté apokríthēté apokrithosin apokrithôsin apokrithōsin apokrithō̂sin ekasto ekastō
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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