Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3701 - כֶּסֶף
1) silver, money
1a1) as metal
1a2) as ornament
1a3) as colour
1b) money, shekels, talents
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
כֶּסֶף suff. כַּםְפִּי m.
(1) silver, so called from its pale colour (like the Gr. ἄργυρος, from ἀργὸς, white, and on the other hand זָהָב gold, from its tawny colour, comp. צָהַב). Genesis 23:15, אַרְבַּע מֵאֹת שֶׁקֶל־כֶּסֶף “four hundred shekels of silver;” more often, however without the word שֶׁקֶל, e.g. אֶלֶף כֶּסֶף “a thousand (shekels) of silver,” Genesis 20:16 עֶשְׂרִים כֶּסֶף “twenty (shekels) of silver,” Genesis 37:28; Deuteronomy 22:19, 29 Deuteronomy 22:29; Hosea 3:2.
(2) money, from silver, weighed out in small unstamped pieces, having been anciently used for money (comp. ἀργύριον, argent). Genesis 23:13; Deuteronomy 23:20. Also used of that which is acquired by money, Exodus 21:21 of a slave כִּי כַסֳפּוֹ הוּא “for he is his money.” Pl. pieces of silver, money, Genesis 42:25, 35 Genesis 42:35.
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