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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #3701 - כֶּסֶף

Transliteration
keçeph
Phonetics
keh'-sef
Root Word (Etymology)
from (H3700)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
TWOT
1015a
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כָּסַף
 
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כְּסַף
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) silver, money

1a) silver

1a1) as metal

1a2) as ornament

1a3) as colour

1b) money, shekels, talents

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1323 ‑ δίδραχμον (did'‑rakh‑mon);  693 ‑ ἀργύρεος (ar‑goo'‑reh‑os);  694 ‑ ἀργύριον (ar‑goo'‑ree‑on);  696 ‑ ἄργυρος (ar'‑goo‑ros);  5092 ‑ τιμή (tee‑may');  5536 ‑ χρῆμα (khray'‑mah);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (396)
Genesis 41
Exodus 41
Leviticus 12
Numbers 36
Deuteronomy 15
Joshua 7
Judges 11
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 6
1 Kings 17
2 Kings 38
1 Chronicles 17
2 Chronicles 28
Ezra 12
Nehemiah 6
Esther 5
Job 7
Psalms 9
Proverbs 13
Ecclesiastes 6
Song of Solomon 4
Isaiah 18
Jeremiah 9
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 10
Daniel 3
Hosea 5
Joel 1
Amos 2
Micah 1
Nahum 1
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 2
Haggai 1
Zechariah 6
Malachi 2
NAS (406)
Genesis 42
Exodus 41
Leviticus 12
Numbers 37
Deuteronomy 15
Joshua 7
Judges 11
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 6
1 Kings 17
2 Kings 41
1 Chronicles 19
2 Chronicles 28
Ezra 13
Nehemiah 6
Esther 5
Job 7
Psalms 9
Proverbs 13
Ecclesiastes 6
Song of Solomon 4
Isaiah 18
Jeremiah 11
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 10
Daniel 3
Hosea 5
Joel 1
Amos 2
Micah 1
Nahum 1
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 2
Haggai 1
Zechariah 6
Malachi 2
CSB (399)
Genesis 41
Exodus 40
Leviticus 12
Numbers 37
Deuteronomy 14
Joshua 7
Judges 11
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 6
1 Kings 17
2 Kings 38
1 Chronicles 19
2 Chronicles 28
Ezra 13
Nehemiah 6
Esther 5
Job 7
Psalms 9
Proverbs 13
Ecclesiastes 6
Song of Solomon 4
Isaiah 18
Jeremiah 10
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 10
Daniel 3
Hosea 5
Joel 1
Amos 2
Micah 1
Nahum 1
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 2
Haggai 1
Zechariah 6
Malachi 2
BSB (408)
Genesis 46
Exodus 41
Leviticus 12
Numbers 37
Deuteronomy 15
Joshua 7
Judges 11
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 6
1 Kings 17
2 Kings 40
1 Chronicles 19
2 Chronicles 28
Ezra 13
Nehemiah 6
Esther 5
Job 7
Psalms 9
Proverbs 13
Ecclesiastes 6
Song of Solomon 4
Isaiah 18
Jeremiah 10
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 10
Daniel 3
Hosea 5
Joel 1
Amos 2
Micah 1
Nahum 1
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 2
Haggai 1
Zechariah 6
Malachi 2
ESV (354)
Genesis 41
Leviticus 12
Numbers 37
Deuteronomy 15
Joshua 7
Judges 11
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 6
1 Kings 17
2 Kings 40
1 Chronicles 19
2 Chronicles 28
Ezra 13
Nehemiah 6
Esther 5
Job 6
Psalms 9
Proverbs 12
Ecclesiastes 5
Isaiah 18
Jeremiah 10
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 10
Daniel 3
Hosea 5
Joel 1
Amos 2
Micah 1
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 2
Haggai 1
Zechariah 6
Malachi 2
WEB (403)
Genesis 41
Exodus 41
Leviticus 12
Numbers 37
Deuteronomy 15
Joshua 7
Judges 11
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 6
1 Kings 17
2 Kings 40
1 Chronicles 19
2 Chronicles 28
Ezra 13
Nehemiah 6
Esther 5
Job 7
Psalms 9
Proverbs 13
Ecclesiastes 6
Song of Solomon 4
Isaiah 18
Jeremiah 10
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 10
Daniel 3
Hosea 5
Joel 1
Amos 2
Micah 1
Nahum 1
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 2
Haggai 1
Zechariah 6
Malachi 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2277) pxk (כספ KSP) AC: Desire CO: Silver AB: ?: A metal desired because of its value. Universally used as a form of money.

V) pxk (כספ KSP) - Desire: KJV (6): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Participle) desire, long, greedy, sore - Strongs: H3700 (כָּסַף)

Nm) pxk (כספ KSP) - Silver: A desired metal. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (416): silver, money, price, silverling - Strongs: H3701 (כֶּסֶף), H3702 (כְּסַף)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 כֶּ֫סֶף402 noun masculine Genesis 23:9 silver, money (Late Hebrew id.; Phoenician, Zinjirli כסף; Aramaic כַּסְמָּא ; Palmyrene כספא Vog No. 23; Assyrian kaspu; probably the pale metal Thes and others, compare RS JPh xiv,125) — ׳כ absolute Genesis 20:16 +, כָּ֑סֶף Exodus 21:11 +; construct Exodus 43:21 +; suffix כַּסְמִּי Genesis 42:28 3t., כַּסְמְּךָ 1 Kings 20:3 2t., כַּסְמֶּ֑ךָ Genesis 17:13; Isaiah 30:22, כַּסְמֵּךְ Isaiah 1:22, כַּסְמֵּנוּ Genesis 31:15 2t., כַּסְמָּם Hosea 8:4 6t.; plural suffix כַּסְמֵּיהֶם Genesis 42:25,35; — silver,

1 = silver ore, raw silver (rare and mostly late) Job 28:1, also (in figurative) Ezekiel 22:20,22; Zechariah 13:9; Proverbs 2:4; Proverbs 17:3; Proverbs 27:21; Malachi 3:3 (twice in verse); Psalm 12:7; Psalm 66:10; Isaiah 48:10; ׳הָגוֺ סִיגים מִכּ Proverbs 25:4 remove dross from silver, compare סִיגִים׳כ Proverbs 26:23 and ׳מִגִים כ Ezekiel 22:18 (ᵑ0; ᵐ5׳ס ׳כ; Co strike out in view of Ezekiel 22:20); נִמְאָס׳כ Jeremiah 6:30 (compare Jeremiah 6:29), כַּסְמֵּךְ הָיָה לְסִיגִים Isaiah 1:22.

2 sliver as bright, shining, figurative of dove's wings כַּנְפֵי יוֺנָה נֶחְמָּה בַכֶּ֑סֶף Psalm 68:14.

3 silver, as wealth, Genesis 13:2 (J) + often (c. 54t. in all; frequently with gold, etc., see זהב); מְלֹאוזהב ׳בֵיתוֺ כ Numbers 22:18; Numbers 24:13; figurative of a slave as valuable, כַּסְמּוֺ הוּא Exodus 21:21 (all J E); silver as less valuable than gold 1 Kings 10:21 2 Chronicles 9:20; compare also 1 Kings 10:27 2 Chronicles 1:15; 9:27; נִבְחָר׳כ choice silver, Proverbs 18:19; Proverbs 10:20.

4 silver as spoil of war (with זהב, q. v.) Judges 5:19; 2 Samuel 8:11 = 1 Chronicles 18:11 11t.

5 sliver as merchandise Ezekiel 27:12; Proverbs 3:14 (׳סְחַרכֿ), Zephaniah 1:12; compare also 1 Kings 10:22 2 Chronicles 9:21.

6 silver as costly gift (with זהב, q. v.) 1 Kings 15:18,19 2 Chronicles 16:2,3; 2 Kings 16:8; 2 Kings 18:15; 2 Chronicles 9:14; 17:11; 21:3; Isaiah 60:9; Daniel 11:38 (other instances under 8).

7 silver as material (c. 117t. in all; often with זהב, q. v.), of cup Genesis 44:2 compare Genesis 44:8 (J), trumpets Numbers 10:2 (P), ׳כְּלֵיכֿ Genesis 24:53 (J) +; of idols Exodus 20:23; Isaiah 2:20; Deuteronomy 29:16; Ezekiel 16:17; Psalm 115:4; Psalm 135:15 4t., compare Deuteronomy 7:25; Jeremiah 10:4; Habakkuk 2:19; especially of fittings of tabernacle Exodus 26.. 27. 36. 38. (19t.), and those offered by chiefs of people Numbers 7 (28t.), etc.

8 silver as measure of weight and value (c. 184t.): —

a. shekels: — שְׁלשִׁים שְׁקָלִים׳כ Exodus 21:32 (JE), compare 2 Samuel 24:24; Leviticus 5:15; Numbers 18:16 (both P), Nehemiah 5:15; also (different order) ׳חֲמִשָּׁה שׁקלים כ Leviticus 27:6 (twice in verse) (P), compare Joshua 7:21 (JE), 2 Kings 15:20, and ׳אַרְבַּע מֵאֹת שֶׁקֶל י Genesis 23:15,16, compare Leviticus 27:3,16 (all P), 1 Samuel 9:8; once ׳שִׁבְעָה שְׁקָלִים וַעֲשָׂרָה הַכּ Jeremiah 32:9.

b. more often omitted שׁקל Genesis 20:16; Genesis 45:22 (E), Genesis 37:28 (J), Hosea 3:2; Song of Solomon 8:11 17t.

c. talents: — ׳כִּכַּר (הַ)כּ Exodus 38:27 (P), compare 1 Kings 20:39; 2 Kings 5:22; 2 Kings 15:19; 2 Kings 18:14; 2 Kings 23:33 2 Chronicles 36:3; 1 Chronicles 19:6; 2 Chronicles 25:6; 27:5; Esther 3:9; ׳עֶשֶׂר כִּכְּרֵיכֿ 2 Kings 5:5; ׳כִּכְּרַיִם כ 1 Kings 16:24; 2 Kings 5:23; אלף אלפים ככרים׳כ 1 Chronicles 22:14; compare 1 Chronicles 29:7; Ezra 8:26.

d. minas: — מָנִים חֲמֵשֶׁת אֲלָפִים׳כ Ezra 2:69 compare Nehemiah 7:70,71.

e. more often = money, measure of value and exchange (c. 112t.; not necess. coined) Genesis 31:15; Genesis 42:25,27 (E), Genesis 43:12 (twice in verse); Genesis 43:15,18 (J), Genesis 23:13; Leviticus 27:18; Numbers 3:48 (P), Judges 16:18; 1 Kings 21:2; 2 Kings 12:5 etc.; so Psalm 68:31 Che, but see De Grill Bae, and Che critical note.; ׳מִקְנַת כ one bought for money Genesis 17:12,13,23,27; Exodus 12:44 (all P); מִקְנָתוֺ׳כ Leviticus 25:51 (H) money for which he was bought; מָלֵא׳כ full price Genesis 23:9 (P) 1 Chronicles 21:22,24; כַּסְמֵּנוּ בְּמִשְׁקָלוֺ Genesis 43:21i.e. our money in full; מִמְכָרוֺ׳כ Leviticus 25:50 the price of his sale; אָשָׁם׳כ 2 Kings 12:7 trespass-money, חַטָּאוֺת׳כ v. 2 Kings 12:7 sin-money, הַכִּמֻּרִים׳כ Exodus 30:16 atonement-money, הַמִּדְיוֺן׳כ Numbers 3:49 redemption-money (both P); עֶרְכְּךָ׳כ Leviticus 27:15,19i.e. estimated value, etc.

9 among verbs and phrase with ׳כ are: — צרף try, refine, Zechariah 13:9; Isaiah 48:10; Malachi 3:3 a Psalm 12:7; Psalm 66:10; זִקַּק Malachi 3:3b, (compare הִתּוּךְ Ezekiel 22:22, v נתך, see Ezekiel 22:20; Ezekiel 22:21); ימּה beautify ׳בכ Jeremiah 10:4; ׳תָּפוּשׂ כ Habakkuk 2:19 encased with gold and silver; לְ׳שָׁקַל אתהַֿכּ weigh out the silver to or for a person Jeremiah 32:9; Genesis 23:16 (P) Ezra 8:25, without לְ Jeremiah 32:10, compare Exodus 22:16 (E), 1 Kings 20:39; ׳ב׳שׁקל כ Isaiah 55:2 = spend money for; מְחִירָהּ׳לֹא יִשָּׁקֵל כ Job 28:15; ׳וַיִּשְׁקְלוּ אֶתשְֿׂכָרִי שׁלשׁים כ Zechariah 11:12; בַּקָּנֶה ישׁקלו׳כ Isaiah 46:6, of wighing material for idol; ׳מָכַר בכ sell for money Amos 2:6; Genesis 37:28 (J), Deuteronomy 21:14; ׳נָתַן בכ Deuteronomy 2:28b 1 Kings 21:6,15; Genesis 23:9 (P), 1 Chronicles 21:22; also, of food, ׳הִשְׁבִּיר ב Deuteronomy 2:28 a; השׂדה׳נתן כ Genesis 23:13 (P) pay the price of the field; ׳קָנָה בְכ buy something for money Amos 8:6; Jeremiah 32:25,44; Isaiah 43:24; 1 Chronicles 21:24, compare ׳קָנָה נֶפֶשׁ קִנְיַן כ Leviticus 22:11 (H); ׳שׁבר בכ Deuteronomy 2:6 a Isaiah 55:1; ׳כרה בכ Deuteronomy 2:6b; peculiar is its use with מָּדָה, redeem (q. v.) in Numbers 18:16; ׳לקח כ receive money 2 Kings 5:26; 2 Kings 12:8; 2 Kings 12:9; ׳לָוָה כ Nehemiah 5:4 borrow money; הִלְוָה Exodus 22:24 (JE) lend money to (c. 2accusative); בְּנֶשֶׁךְ׳נתן כ give money on usury Leviticus 25:37 (H), Psalm 15:5; compare לֹא תַשִּׁיךְ׳לְאָחִיךָ נֶשֶׁךְ כ Deuteronomy 23:20.


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

כֶּסֶף suff. כַּםְפִּי m.

(1)  silver, so called from its pale colour (like the Gr. ἄργυρος, from ἀργὸς, white, and on the other hand זָהָב gold, from its tawny colour, comp. צָהַב). Genesis 23:15, אַרְבַּע מֵאֹת שֶׁקֶל־כֶּסֶף “four hundred shekels of silver;” more often, however without the word שֶׁקֶל, e.g. אֶלֶף כֶּסֶף “a thousand (shekels) of silver,” Genesis 20:16 עֶשְׂרִים כֶּסֶף “twenty (shekels) of silver,” Genesis 37:28; Deuteronomy 22:19, 29 Deuteronomy 22:29; Hosea 3:2.

(2) money, from silver, weighed out in small unstamped pieces, having been anciently used for money (comp. ἀργύριον, argent). Genesis 23:13; Deuteronomy 23:20. Also used of that which is acquired by money, Exodus 21:21 of a slave כִּי כַסֳפּוֹ הוּא “for he is his money.” Pl. pieces of silver, money, Genesis 42:25, 35 Genesis 42:35.


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List of Word Forms
בְּכֶ֔סֶף בְּכֶ֖סֶף בְּכֶ֣סֶף בְּכֶ֤סֶף בְּכֶ֥סֶף בְּכֶ֨סֶף בְכֶ֔סֶף בְכֶ֖סֶף בְכָ֑סֶף בַּכֶּ֖סֶף בַּכֶּ֙סֶף֙ בַּכֶּ֣סֶף בַּכֶּ֤סֶף בַּכֶּ֥סֶף בַּכָּ֑סֶף בַכֶּ֑סֶף בַכֶּ֙סֶף֙ בכסף הַ֭כֶּסֶף הַכֶּ֔סֶף הַכֶּ֕סֶף הַכֶּ֖סֶף הַכֶּ֗סֶף הַכֶּ֙סֶף֙ הַכֶּ֛סֶף הַכֶּ֜סֶף הַכֶּ֡סֶף הַכֶּ֣סֶף הַכֶּ֤סֶף הַכֶּ֥סֶף הַכֶּ֧סֶף הַכֶּ֨סֶף הַכֶּסֶף֩ הַכֶּסֶף֮ הַכָּ֑סֶף הַכָּֽסֶף׃ הכסף הכסף׃ וְ֝כֶ֗סֶף וְ֠הַכֶּסֶף וְהַכֶּ֔סֶף וְהַכֶּ֖סֶף וְהַכֶּ֡סֶף וְהַכֶּ֣סֶף וְהַכֶּ֤סֶף וְהַכֶּ֥סֶף וְהַכֶּ֨סֶף וְכֶ֕סֶף וְכֶ֖סֶף וְכֶ֗סֶף וְכֶ֛סֶף וְכֶ֣סֶף וְכֶ֥סֶף וְכֶ֧סֶף וְכֶ֨סֶף וְכַכָּ֑סֶף וְלַכֶּ֔סֶף וְלַכֶּ֣סֶף וָכֶ֔סֶף וָכֶ֖סֶף וָכֶ֗סֶף וָכֶ֛סֶף וָכָ֑סֶף וָכָֽסֶף׃ וּ֠בַכֶּסֶף וּבְכֶ֛סֶף וּבַכֶּ֖סֶף וּבַכֶּ֜סֶף וּלְכַסְפִּ֣י וּמִכַּסְפִּי֙ ובכסף והכסף וככסף וכסף וכסף׃ ולכסף ולכספי ומכספי כֶ֔סֶף כֶ֖סֶף כֶ֗סֶף כֶ֙סֶף֙ כֶ֛סֶף כֶ֥סֶף כֶ֧סֶף כֶ֨סֶף כֶּ֔סֶף כֶּ֖סֶף כֶּ֗סֶף כֶּ֙סֶף֙ כֶּ֛סֶף כֶּ֜סֶף כֶּ֡סֶף כֶּ֣סֶף כֶּ֣סֶף ׀ כֶּ֤סֶף כֶּ֥סֶף כֶּ֧סֶף כֶּ֨סֶף כֶּֽסֶף־ כֶֽסֶף־ כֶסֶף֩ כַּסְפְּךָ֔ כַּסְפְּךָ֥ כַּסְפְּךָ֧ כַּסְפְּכֶ֖ם כַּסְפִּ֔י כַּסְפִּ֥י כַּסְפֵּ֖ךְ כַּסְפֵּ֖נוּ כַּסְפֵּֽנוּ׃ כַּסְפֵּיהֶ֛ם כַּסְפֵּיהֶם֙ כַּסְפֶּ֑ךָ כַּסְפָּ֞ם כַּסְפָּ֣ם כַּסְפָּ֥ם כַּסְפָּ֨ם כַּסְפּ֔וֹ כַּסְפּ֖וֹ כַּסְפּ֤וֹ ׀ כַכָּ֑סֶף כַסְפֶּ֔ךָ כַסְפּ֔וֹ כַסְפּ֖וֹ כָ֑סֶף כָּ֑סֶף כָּֽסֶף׃ כָֽסֶף׃ ככסף כסף כסף־ כסף׃ כספו כספי כספיהם כספך כספכם כספם כספנו כספנו׃ לְכֶ֤סֶף לְכֶ֨סֶף לְכַסְפָּ֗ם לַ֭כֶּסֶף לַכֶּ֔סֶף לַכֶּ֛סֶף לַכֶּ֜סֶף לַכֶּ֣סֶף לכסף לכספם מִכֶּ֖סֶף מִכֶּ֥סֶף מִכַּסְפָּ֤ם מִכָּ֑סֶף מִכָּֽסֶף׃ מכסף מכסף׃ מכספם bak·kā·sep̄ bak·ke·sep̄ ḇak·ke·sep̄ bakKasef bakkāsep̄ bakKesef bakkesep̄ ḇakkesep̄ ḇə·ḵā·sep̄ bə·ḵe·sep̄ ḇə·ḵe·sep̄ beChesef ḇəḵāsep̄ bəḵesep̄ ḇəḵesep̄ chakKasef Chasef chasPecha chasPo Chesef hak·kā·sep̄ hak·ke·sep̄ hakKasef hakkāsep̄ hakKesef hakkesep̄ kā·sep̄ ḵā·sep̄ ḵak·kā·sep̄ ḵakkāsep̄ kas·pām kas·pê·hem kas·pe·ḵā kas·pə·ḵā ḵas·pe·ḵā kas·pə·ḵem kas·pê·nū kas·pêḵ kas·pî kas·pōw ḵas·pōw Kasef kāsep̄ ḵāsep̄ kasPam kaspām kasPech kasPecha kaspeChem kaspêhem kaspeiHem kaspêḵ kaspeḵā kaspəḵā ḵaspeḵā kaspəḵem kasPenu kaspênū kasPi kaspî kasPo kaspōw ḵaspōw ke·sep̄ ḵe·sep̄ ke·sep̄- ḵe·sep̄- kesef kesep̄ ḵesep̄ kesep̄- ḵesep̄- lak·ke·sep̄ lakKesef lakkesep̄ lə·ḵas·pām lə·ḵe·sep̄ lechasPam leChesef ləḵaspām ləḵesep̄ mik·kā·sep̄ mik·kas·pām mik·ke·sep̄ mikKasef mikkāsep̄ mikkasPam mikkaspām mikKesef mikkesep̄ ū·ḇak·ke·sep̄ ū·ḇə·ḵe·sep̄ ū·lə·ḵas·pî ū·mik·kas·pî ūḇakkesep̄ ūḇəḵesep̄ ulechasPi ūləḵaspî umikkasPi ūmikkaspî uvakKesef uvChesef vaChasef vaChesef vakKesef vechakKasef veChasef veChesef vehakKesef velakKesef wā·ḵā·sep̄ wā·ḵe·sep̄ wāḵāsep̄ wāḵesep̄ wə·hak·ke·sep̄ wə·ḵak·kā·sep̄ wə·ḵe·sep̄ wə·lak·ke·sep̄ wəhakkesep̄ wəḵakkāsep̄ wəḵesep̄ wəlakkesep̄
 
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