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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #728 - ἀῤῥαβών

of Hebrew origin (H6162)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. an earnest
    1. money which in purchases is given as a pledge or downpayment that the full amount will subsequently be paid
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6162 ‑ עֵרָבוֹן (ar‑aw‑bone');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (3)
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 1
BSB (3)
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 1
CSB (3)
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 1
ESV (3)
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 1
KJV (3)
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 1
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (4)
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 2
N95 (4)
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 2
NAS (4)
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 2
NLT (3)
2 Corinthians 3
Ephesians 1
WEB (3)
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 1
YLT (3)
2 Corinthians 2
Ephesians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀρρᾰβών, ῶνος, ὁ,


1. earnest-money, caution-money, deposited by the purchaser and forfeited if the purchase is not completed, ἀ. δοῦναί τινος Isaiah 8:20, cf. Arist. Pol. 1259a12, Stilpoap. D.L. 2.118, BGU 446.18 (ii A. D.): pl., deposits required from public contractors, IPE 12.32 B 34 (Olbia).

2. generally, pledge, earnest, τὴν τέχνην ἔχοντες ἀ. τοῦ ζῆν Antiph. 123.6; τοῦ δυστυχεῖν.. ἀ. ἔχειν Men. 697, cf. LXX Genesis 38:17-18, Ephesians 1:14.

3. present, bribe, Plu. Galb. 17. (Semitic, prob. Phoenician, word, Hebr. 'çrâbôn: freq. written ἀραβών, UPZ 67.14 (ii B.C.), Eph. l. c., etc.)

II ἀρραβών· πρόδομα, καὶ ἄγκιστρον, Hsch.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀραβών Tdf., see ἀρραβών.]

STRONGS NT 728: ἀρραβών ἀρραβών (Tdf. ἀραβών: 2 Corinthians 1:22 (to Lachmann); (but not in Ephesians 1:14), see his Proleg., p. 80; WHs Appendix, p. 148; cf. Winers Grammar, 48 (47f); Buttmann, 32 (28f), cf. Rho), ἀρραβωνος, (Hebrew עֵרָבון Genesis 38:17f, 20; from עָרַב to pledge; a word which seems to have passed from the Phoenicians to the Greeks, and thence into Latin), an earnest, i. e. money which in purchases is given as a pledge that the full amount will subsequently be paid (Suidas under the word ἀραβών), (cf. (obs. English earlespenny; caution-money), German Kaufschilling,Haftpfennig): 2 Corinthians 1:22; 2 Corinthians 5:5, τόν ἀρραβῶνα τοῦ πνεύματος i. e. τό πνεῦμα ὡς ἀρραβῶνα namely, τῆς κληρονομίας, as is expressed in full in Ephesians 1:14 (cf. Winers Grammar, § 59, 8 a.; Buttmann, 78 (68)); for the gift of the Holy Spirit, comprising as it does the δυνάμεις τοῦ μέλλοντος αἰῶνος (Hebrews 6:5), is both a foretaste and a pledge of future blessedness; cf. under the word ἀπαρχή, c. (B. D. under the word .) (Isaeus, 8, 23 (p. 210, Reiske edition); Aristotle, pol. 1, 4, 5 (p. 1259{a}, 12); others.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(T, ἀραβ -: 2Co, ll. c.), -ώνος , ,

[in LXX: Genesis 38:17-20 (H6162)*;]

an earnest, part payment in advance for security, a first instalment: 2 Corinthians 1:22; 2 Corinthians 5:5, Ephesians 1:14. (The word is found in cl. and was prob. brought to Greece by the Phænicians (AR, Eph., l.c.). It is found in Papyri with both spellings (v. Milligan, NTD, 73). In MGr. ἀρραβῶνα is an engagement ring; v. MM, s.v.)†

ἀραβών , see ἀρραβών .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

A word of undoubted Semitic origin (Heb. עֵרָבוֹן cf. Lagarde Mitteil. I. p. 212, Lewy Fremdwörter p. 120), spelt ἀρραβών and ἀραβών : see Proleg. p. 45 and Thackeray Gr. I. p. 119, and cf. P Lond 334.14, .31 (A.D. 166) (= II. p. 211 f.), where both forms occur. The meaning of ";earnest-money"; (Scottice ";arles";) is well illustrated by P Par 58.14 (ii/B.C.) (= Witkowski .2, p. 81), where a woman who was selling a cow received 1000 drachmae as ἀραβῶνα. Similarly P Lond 143.13 (A.D. 97) (= II. p. 204), a receipt for 160 drachmae, being the residue of the earnest-money (200 drachmae) for 2 1/20 arourae of land, ἀπὸ λόγου ἀρραβῶνος κλήρου κτλ., P Fay 91.14 (A.D. 99) ἀργυρίου δραχ [μὰς ] δέκα ἓξ ἀρραβονα ἀναπόριφον, ";16 drachmae of silver as unexceptionable earnest-money"; (Edd.), P Oxy II. 299.2 f. (late i/A.D.) Λάμπωνι μυοθηρευτῇ ἔδωκα αὐτῷ διὰ σοῦ ἀραβῶνα (δραχμὰς) η ̄ ἵνα μυοθηρεῦσει ἔντοκα, ";regarding Lampon the mouse-catcher I paid him for you as earnest money 8 drachmae in order that he may catch the mice while they are with young"; (Edd.), ib. VI. 920.12 (ii/iii A.D.) ἰς λόγ (ον) ἀραβω ̣̑(νος) στρουτ (οῦ) (";ostrich";) (δραχμαὶ) ι ̄β ̣̄, Syll 226.131 (Olbia, iii/B.C.) ἐνέγκας εἰς τὴν ἐκλησίαν χρυσοῦς πεντακοσίους εἰς τοὺς ἀρραβῶνας. Additional examples are Ostr 1168, P Magd 26.8 (B.C. 217), P Lond 1229.16 (A.D. 145) (= III. p. 143), ib. 1170 verso .122 (A.D. 258–9) (= III. p. 196), BGU I. 240.6 (ii/A.D.), ib. II. 601.11 (ii/A.D.), and P Grenf II. 67.17 ff. (A.D. 237) (= Selections, p. 109) where in the engagement of certain dancing girls for a village festival provision is made that they are to receive so many drachmae ὑπὲρ ἀραβῶνος [τῇ τ ]ιμῇ ἐλλογουέν [ο ]υ ̣, ";by way of earnest-money to be reckoned in the price."; The above vernacular usage amply confirms the NT sense of an ";earnest,"; or a part given in advance of what will be bestowed fully afterwards, in 2 Corinthians 1:22; 2 Corinthians 5:5, Ephesians 1:14.

It may be added that in MGr ἡ ἀρραβωνι (α)σμένη = ";the betrothed bride,"; ";an interesting reminiscence,"; as Abbott (Songs, p. 258) remarks, ";of the ancient custom of purchasing a wife."; In the same way ἡ ἀρραβῶνα is used for ";the engagement-ring."; In the island of Cyprus we find the form ἀραῶνα (Thumb Hellen., p. 23).

[Supplemental from 1930 edition]

ἀρραβών is discussed by Lightfoot Notes, p. 323 f.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αρραβων αρραβών ἀρραβὼν αρραβωνα αρραβώνα αρραβώνά ἀρραβῶνα arrabon arrabōn arrabṑn arrabona arrabôna arrabōna arrabō̂na
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