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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #727 - ἅρπαξ
- rapacious, ravenous
- a extortioner, a robber
ἅρπαξ, ᾰγος, ὁ, ἡ, (ἁρπάζω)
I robbing, rapacious, Ar. Eq. 137, v.l. in Fr. 628, X. Mem. 3.1.6; λύκοι Lyc. 1309 (v.l. Ἄτρακας): also c. Subst. neut., ἅρπαγι χείλει AP 9.272 (Bianor): Sup. ἁρπαγίστατος Pl.Com. 57.
II mostly as Subst.,
1 ἅρπαξ, ἡ, rapine, Hes. Op. 356.
2. ἅρπαξ, ὁ, robber, peculator, τῶν δημοσίων Ar. Nu. 351; ὁ μὲν κλέπτης ὁ δ' ἅ. Myrtil. 4; πάντες εἰσὶν ἅρπαγες (sc. οἱ Ὠρώπιοι) Xeno 1.
3. species of wolf, Opp. C. 3.304.
4. grappling-iron, used in sea-fights, App. BC 5.118, Moschio ap. Ath. 5.208d; flesh-hook, J. AJ 8.3.7.
ἅρπαξ , -αγος , ὁ , ἡ
(< ἁρπάζω ),
[in LXX: Genesis 49:27 (H2963) *;]
rapacious: Matthew 7:15, Luke 18:11; as subst., a swindler, an extortioner (MM, s.v.), 1 Corinthians 5:10-11; 1 Corinthians 6:10.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Deissmann (LAE p. 321 n .1) notes that ἅ was current as a loan-word in Latin comedy : in Paul ";it should probably not be translated ‘robber’ but rendered by some other word like ‘swindler’ (‘extortioner,’ AV, RV).";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Week of Proper 11 / Ordinary 16