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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #844 - αὐτόματος

from (G846) and the same as (G3155)
Parts of Speech
  1. moved by one's own impulse, or acting without the instigation or intervention of another
  2. often used of the earth producing plants of itself, and of the plants themselves and the fruits growing without culture
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5599 ‑ סָפִיחַ (saw‑fee'‑akh);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
NAS (2)
HCS (2)
BSB (2)
ESV (2)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

αὐτό-μᾰτος, η, ον, Hom. and Att.; ος, ον Hes. Op. 103, Arist. GA 762a9, Philetaer. 1 D., Hp. EP 19 in Hermes 53.65.


1 of persons, acting of one's own will, of oneself, αὐ. δέ οἱ ἦλθε Il. 2.408; αὐ. φοιτῶσι Νοῦσοι Hes. Op. 103; αὐ. ἥκω Ar. Pl. 1190, cf. Th. 6.91, D.S. 2.25, etc.

2. of inanimate things, self-acting, spontaneous, of the gates of Olympus, αὐτόμαται δὲ πύλαι μύκον οὐρανοῦ Il. 5.749; of the tripods of Hephaistos, which ran of themselves, ὄφρα οἱ αὐτόματοι.. δυσαίατ' ἀγῶνα 18.376, cf. Pl.Com. 188; ὅπλα.. αὐ. φανῆναι ἔξω προκείμενα τοῦ νηοῦ Hdt. 8.37; τὰ αὐ. marionettes, Arist. GA 734b10, Hero Aut. passim: generally, spontaneous, βίος Pl. Plt. 271e; ἔπαινος Epicur. Sent.Vat. 64.

3. of natural agencies, ὁ ποταμὸς αὐ. ἐπελθών of itself, Hdt. 2.14; of plants, growing of themselves, αὐ. ἐκ τῆς γῆς γίνεται Id. 3.100; αὐ. φύεσθαι Id. 2.94, Thphr. Fr. 171.11; κύτισος αὐ. ἔρχεται Cratin. 98.8: metaph., αὐτόματα πάντ' ἀγαθὰ.. ποριζεται Ar. Ach. 976, cf. Cratin. 160; of philosophers, αὐ. ἀναφύονται Pl. Tht. 180c.

4. of events, happening of themselves, without external agency, αὐ. δεσμὰ διελύθη E. Ba. 447; αὐ. θάνατος natural death, D. 18.205; κόποι αὐ. not to be accounted for externally, Hp. Aph. 2.5; ἀπό τινος αἰτίας αὐτομάτης Pl. Sph. 265c; without visible cause, accidental, opp. ἀπὸ πείρης, Hdt. 7.9. γ.

II αὐτόματον, τό, accident, τὸ αὐ. αἰτιᾶσθαι Lys. 6.25; σε ταὐ. ἀποσέσωκε Men. Epit. 568; διὰ τὸ αὐ. Arist. Ph. 195b33; τὸ αὐ. ἀγαπῶντες Id. Ath. 8.5; τῷ αὐ., opp. τέχνῃ, Id. Metaph. 1070a7: most freq. in the form ἀπὸ τοῦ αὐτομάτου or ἀπὸ ταὐτομάτου, ἀποθανέειν ἀπὸ τοῦ αὐ. Hdt. 2.66, cf. Th. 2.77, Pl. Ap. 38c, al., Arist. Po. 1452a5, al., Men. Pk. 31; ἐκ τοῦ αὐ. X. An. 1.3.13; τὸ Αὐ. personified, Ath.Mitt. 35.458 (Pergam.); ταὐτόματόν ἐστιν ὡς ἔοικέ που θεός Men. 291.

III Adv. -τως, = ἀπὸ ταὐτομάτου, v.l. in Hdt. 2.180, Hp. Fract. 43, Arist. PA 640a27, al., Theoc. 21.27; of itself, κοχλίας αὐ. βαδίζων Plb. 12.13.11: also αὐτοματεί or -τί (q.v.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

αὐτόματος ,

-ον , and -η , -ον

(etym. doubtful; v. Boisacq, Prellwitz, s.v.),

[in LXX, Leviticus 25:5; Leviticus 25:11, 2 Kings 19:29 (H5599), Joshua 6:5, Job 24:24, Wisdom of Solomon 17:6 *;]

1. of persons, acting of one's own will.

2. Of inanimate things and natural agencies, of itself, of its own accord: γῆ Mark 4:28 (MM, s.v.); πύλη , Acts 12:10.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

CPHerm 119 verso i. 16 (Gallienus) . . ]αὐτόμ ̣α ̣τοι καὶ [ . . . , unfortunately in hiatus. Vettius Valens twice uses the adverb with προβιβάζων (or its passive), ";advancing of its own accord."; With the use of this word in Mark 4:28, Abbott (Joh. Voc. p. 54) compares Philo’s description of Isaac the self-taught (αὐτομαθής ) i. 571–2 ἔστι δὲ καὶ τρίτος ὅρος τοῦ αὐτομαθοῦς τὸ ἀναβαῖνον αὐτόματον (that which cometh up of itself). Cf. also Wisdom of Solomon 17:6, where with reference to the plague of darkness it is said that no power of the fire or the stars could give the Egyptians light, διεφαίνετο δ᾽ αὐτοῖς μόνον αὐτομάτη πυρὰ φόβου πλήρης , ";but there appeared to them the glimmering of a fire self-kindled, full of fear."; On John 16:27 αὐτὸς γὰρ ὁ πατὴρ φιλεῖ ὑμᾶς , Field remarks (Notes, p. 104) that αὐτός is here = αὐτόματος ultro, me non commendante, and cites Callim. H. Apoll. 6 αὐτοὶ νῦν κατοχῆες ἀνακλίνεσθε , where the Scholiast has αὐτόματοι .



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αυτόματα αυτοματη αυτομάτη αὐτομάτη αυτόματος αυτομολούντων ηυτομόλησα ηυτομόλησαν ηυτομόλησεν automate automatē automáte automátē
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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