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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #850 - αὐχμηρός

from auchmos [probably from a base akin to that of (G109)] (dust, as dried by wind)
Parts of Speech
  1. squalid, dirty
    1. since dirty things are destitute of brightness: dark
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
2 Peter
HCS ( 0 )
HCS (1)
2 Peter
BSB (1)
2 Peter
ESV (1)
2 Peter
WEB (1)
2 Peter
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

αὐχμηρός, ά, όν,

1. dry, without rain, χειμών Hp. Aph. 3.11, cf. Aër. 10; ἔτη Arist. HA 605b19; ἔαρ Id. Pr. 860a13; of places, dry, parched, τόποι Pl. Lg. 761b (Sup.), cf. 2 Peter 1:19; χωρία Thphr. HP 9.11.10, etc.; καρποί D.S. 2.53. parching, νόσοι Emp. 121.3.

2. dry, rough, squalid, οὖδας E. Alc. 947; σκληρὸς καὶ αὐ. Pl. Smp. 203d; esp. of hair (cf. foreg.), S. Fr. 475, E. Or. 387, Theoc. 25.225; βίος Luc. Salt. 1. Adv. -ρῶς, ἔχειν τοῦ προσώπου Philostr. VA 4.10.

3. miserable, Man. 2.169: c. gen., βιότοιο ib. 454: irreg. Sup. αὐχμότατος dub. l. in Pl.Com. 169.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* αὐχμηρός , - , -όν

(< αὐχμός , drought);

1. dry.

2. squalid, dismal: 2 Peter 1:19 (MM, s.v.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

We can quote only verse parallels for this word of 2 Peter (cf. Apoc Petr 6). Kaibel 548, a pretty epitaph on a boy of 16 (Nemausus in Gaul—Nismes) begins after Latin dedication—

Ἄνθεα πολλὰ γένοιτο νεοδμήτῳ ἐπὶ τύμβῳ ,

μὴ βάτος αὐχμηρή , μὴ κακὸν αἰγίπυρον .

The epithet will imply ";dark,"; ";funereal"; colour.

The combination quoted by Grimm from Aristotle recurs in Kaibel 431.3 (Antioch, not before ii/A.D.)—

κεῖμαι ἐς [αὐ ]χμηροὺς καὶ ἀλαμπέας Ἀίδος εὐνάς .

[Supplemental from 1930 edition]

αὐχμηρός . Add Vett. Val. p. 2.4.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αυχμηρω αυχμηρώ αὐχμηρῷ αυχμού αυχμώδης αφαγνιεί αφαγνιείς αφαγνιείτε αφαγνίσαι αφαγνίσασθαι αφαγνισθή αφαγνισθήσεται αφαίρεμα αφαιρέματα αφαιρέματος αφαιρεμάτων auchmero auchmērō auchmerôi auchmērō̂i
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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