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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #850 - αὐχμηρός

Root Word (Etymology)
from auchmos [probably from a base akin to that of (G109)] (dust, as dried by wind)
Parts of Speech
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  1. squalid, dirty
    1. since dirty things are destitute of brightness: dark
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
2 Peter 1
HCS (0)
HCS (1)
2 Peter 1
BSB (1)
2 Peter 1
ESV (1)
2 Peter 1
WEB (1)
2 Peter 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

αὐχμηρός, ά, όν,

1. dry, without rain, χειμών Hp. Aph. 3.11, cf. Aër. 10; ἔτη Arist. HA 605b19; ἔαρ Id. Pr. 860a13; of places, dry, parched, τόποι Pl. Lg. 761b (Sup.), cf. 2 Peter 1:19; χωρία Thphr. HP 9.11.10, etc.; καρποί D.S. 2.53. parching, νόσοι Emp. 121.3.

2. dry, rough, squalid, οὖδας E. Alc. 947; σκληρὸς καὶ αὐ. Pl. Smp. 203d; esp. of hair (cf. foreg.), S. Fr. 475, E. Or. 387, Theoc. 25.225; βίος Luc. Salt. 1. Adv. -ρῶς, ἔχειν τοῦ προσώπου Philostr. VA 4.10.

3. miserable, Man. 2.169: c. gen., βιότοιο ib. 454: irreg. Sup. αὐχμότατος dub. l. in Pl.Com. 169.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

αὐχμηρός, ἀυχμηρα, ἀυχμηρον (αὐχμέω to be squalid), squalid, dirty (Xenophon, Plato, and following), and since dirty things are destitute of brightness, dark: 2 Peter 1:19, Aristotle, de color. 3 τό λαμπρόν στιλβον ... τοὐναντίον ἀυχμηρον καί ἀλαμπες. (Hesychius, Suidas, Pollux).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* αὐχμηρός , - , -όν

(< αὐχμός , drought);

1. dry.

2. squalid, dismal: 2 Peter 1:19 (MM, s.v.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

We can quote only verse parallels for this word of 2 Peter (cf. Apoc Petr 6). Kaibel 548, a pretty epitaph on a boy of 16 (Nemausus in Gaul—Nismes) begins after Latin dedication—

Ἄνθεα πολλὰ γένοιτο νεοδμήτῳ ἐπὶ τύμβῳ ,

μὴ βάτος αὐχμηρή , μὴ κακὸν αἰγίπυρον .

The epithet will imply ";dark,"; ";funereal"; colour.

The combination quoted by Grimm from Aristotle recurs in Kaibel 431.3 (Antioch, not before ii/A.D.)—

κεῖμαι ἐς [αὐ ]χμηροὺς καὶ ἀλαμπέας Ἀίδος εὐνάς .

[Supplemental from 1930 edition]

αὐχμηρός . Add Vett. Val. p. 2.4.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αυχμηρω αυχμηρώ αὐχμηρῷ αυχμού αυχμώδης αφαγνιεί αφαγνιείς αφαγνιείτε αφαγνίσαι αφαγνίσασθαι αφαγνισθή αφαγνισθήσεται αφαίρεμα αφαιρέματα αφαιρέματος αφαιρεμάτων auchmero auchmērō auchmerôi auchmērō̂i
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