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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #926 - βαρύς

Transliteration
barýs
Phonetics
bar-ooce'
Origin
from the same as (G922)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
1:556,95
Definition
Thayer's
  1. heavy in weight
  2. metaph.
    1. burdensome
    2. severe, stern
    3. weighty
      1. of great moment
    4. violent, cruel, unsparing
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3358 ‑ יַקִּיר (yak‑keer');  3513 ‑ כָּבַד (kaw‑bad, kaw‑bade');  3515 ‑ כָּבֵד (kaw‑bade');  3524 ‑ כַּבִּיר (kab‑beer');  6099 ‑ עָצֻם (aw‑tsoom', aw‑tsoom');  7489 ‑ רָעַע (raw‑ah');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (6)
Matthew
2
Acts
2
2 Corinthians
1
1 John
1
NAS (7)
Matthew
3
Acts
2
2 Corinthians
1
1 John
1
HCS (6)
Matthew
2
Acts
2
2 Corinthians
1
1 John
1
BSB (6)
Matthew
2
Acts
2
2 Corinthians
1
1 John
1
ESV (6)
Matthew
2
Acts
2
2 Corinthians
1
1 John
1
WEB (6)
Matthew
2
Acts
2
2 Corinthians
1
1 John
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

βᾰρύς, εῖα, ύ,

poet. gen. pl. fem. βαρεῶν dub. in A. Eu. 932 (anap.): Comp. βαρύτερος, Sup. βαρύτατος: —

I

1. heavy in weight, β. ἀείρεσθαι, opp. κοῦφος, Hdt. 4.150, cf. Pl. Tht. 152d, Arist. Cael. 310b25, etc.: in Hom. mostly with collat. notion of strength and force, χεῖρα βαρεῖαν Il. 1.219, cf. 89; ἀκμᾷ βαρύς Pi. I. 4(3).51; β. τὸ σῶμα App. Mac. 14; of athletes, Philostr. Gym. 31; ὀφρύς bushy, ib. 48; but also, heavy with age, infirmity or suffering, νόσῳ S. Tr. 235; σὺν γήρᾳ Id. OT 17; ἐν γήρᾳ Id. Aj. 1017; ὑπὸ γήρως Ael. VH 9.1; ὑπὸ τῆς μέθης Plu. 2.596a; pregnant, PGoodsp.Cair. 15.15 (iv A. D.); β. βάσις heavy, slow, S. Tr. 966; τυπάδι βαρείᾳ Id. Fr. 844. Adv. κοῦφον βαρέως Pl. Tht. 189d.

2. heavy to bear, grievous, ἄτη, ἔρις, κακότης, Il. 2.111, 20.55, 10.72; Κλῶθες Od. 7.197; κῆρες Il. 21.548; β. κὴρ τὸ μὴ πιθέσθαι A. Ag. 206 (lyr.); βαρὺ or βαρέα στενάχειν sob heavily, Od. 8.95, 534, Il. 8.334, etc.: in Trag. and Prose, burdensome, grievous, oppressive, β. ξυμφορά, τύχαι, καταλλαγαί, etc., A. Pers. 1044 (lyr.), Th. 332 (lyr.), 767 (lyr.), etc.; ἡδονή S. OC 1204; ἀγγελία β. ἢν ἐν τοῖς βαρύτατ' ἂν ἐνέγκαιμι Pl. Cri. 43c; πόλεμος D. 18.241; βαρὺ κοὐχὶ δίκαιον Id. 21.66; νόσος causing disgust, S. Ph. 1330; αὐδά, ἠχώ, ib. 208 (lyr.), E. Hipp. 791; unwholesome, χωρίον X. Mem. 3.6.12; πλησμονή Id. Cyn. 7.4; indigestible, Ath. 3.115e; β. νότος Paus. 10.17.11. Adv. -έως, φέρειν τι take a thing ill, suffer it impatiently, Hdt. 5.19; β. φέρειν ἐπί τινι Plb. 15.1.1 (but β. φέρειν bear with dignity, D.S. 26.3); β. ἔχειν, c. part, Arist. Rh.Al. 1424b5; πρός τι Id. Pol. 1311b9; τοῖς λογίοις Arg. E. Heracl.: Comp. βαρυτέρως τινὶ ἐναντιωθῆναι LXX 3 Maccabees 3:1; βαρέως ἀκούειν hear with disgust, X. An. 2.1.9.

3. violent, ὀργή S. Ph. 368; μῆνις Id. OC 1328; ἀπέχθειαι Pl. Ap. 23a (Sup.); θυμός Theoc. 1.96.

4. weighty, grave, ἐπιστολαί 2 Corinthians 10:10; αἰτιώματα Acts 25:7; τὰ βαρύτερα τοῦ νόμου Matthew 23:23; ample, βαρυτάτην εὐδαιμονίαν τοῖς ἀρχομένοις παρέξειν Hdn. 2.14.3.

II of persons,

1. severe, stern, β. ἐπιτιμητής A. Pr. 77; εὔθυνος Id. Pers. 828, cf. S. OT 546; Κύπρι βαρεῖα Theoc. 1.100; wearisome, troublesome, E. Supp. 894, Pl. Tht. 210c, etc.; ξύνοικος A. Supp. 415, S. Fr. 753; γείτονες Plb. 1.10.6.

2. overbearing, σεμνότεροι ἢ βαρύτεροι Arist. Rh. 1391a27 (but σεμνὸς καὶ β. Str. 14.1.42); ὑπερήφανοι καὶ β. Plu. 2.279c; important, powerful, πόλις Plb. 1.17.5, etc.

3. of soldiers, heavy-armed, X. Cyr. 5.3.37 (s.v.l.); of the ὁπλίτης Pl. Lg. 833b (Comp.); τὰ β. τῶν ὅπλων Plb. 1.76.3.

4. difficult, ὅρκος γὰρ οὐδεὶς ἀνδρὶ φηλήτῃ β. S. Fr. 933.

III of impressions on the senses,

1. of sound, strong, deep, bass, opp. to ὀξύς, Od. 9.257, S. Ph. 208, Pl. Prt. 332c, Arist. EN 1125a14, etc.; βαρὺ ἀμβόασον A. Pers. 572 (lyr.); φθέγγονται βαρύτατον ἀνθρώπων Hp. Aër. 15; βαρύτατα ὑπακούειν, of diseases, Id. Prorrh. 2.39; πενθεῖν Ael. VH 12.1; esp. of musical pitch, low, opp. ὀξύς, βαρυτάτη χορδή Pl. Phdr. 268e; ἆχος, φωνά, Archyt. I, cf. Arist. EE 1235a28, Aristox. Harm. p.3 M.; of accent, grave, ἀντὶ ὀξείας τῆς μέσης συλλαβῆς βαρεῖαν ἐφθεγξάμεθα Pl. Cra. 399b; ὀξείᾳ καὶ βαρείᾳ καὶ μέσῃ φωνῇ Arist. Rh. 1403b30, etc.: hence ἡ βαρεῖα (sc. προσῳδία) accentus gravis, D.T. 630.1, etc.; β. τάσις D.H. Comp. 11, A.D. Synt. 307.13; β. τόνος D.T. 674.13, cf. A.D. Pron. 36.5; β. συλλαβή unaccented, Id. Synt. 100.8, al. Adv. βαρέως with the accent thrown back, Id. Pron. 51.1, Ath. 2.53b: Comp. -ύτερον, opp. ὀξύτερον (ου) opp. οὗ), Arist. SE 178a3 (but, on a lower note, αὐλεῖν Id. GA 788a22).

2. of smell, strong, offensive, Hdt. 6.119.

3. Adv. βαρέως slowly, ἐπισπᾶσθαι Hero Aut. 26.6. (gur-u- from gu[rmacr ]-u-, Skt. gurús 'heavy', Lat. gravis (from fem. gur[schwa]wî-), Goth. kaúrus 'heavy'.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

βαρύς , -εῖα , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H3513;]

heavy: Matthew 23:4. Metaph., burdensome: ἐντολή , 1 John 5:3; severe (perh. impressive): ἐπιστολή , 2 Corinthians 10:10; weighty: τὰ βαρύτερα τ . νόμου , Matthew 23:23; αἰτιώματα , Acts 25:7; violent, cruel (EV, grievous): λύκος , Acts 20:29.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

See the first reference s.v. βάρος and cf. P Tebt I. 52.11 (c. B.C. 114) δι (l. διὰ τό ) με ἐν βαρυ [τέ ]ρᾳ ἀρρωστίᾳ κ ̣ι ̣ͅσ ̣[θαι , ";since I am seriously ill"; (Edd.). In P Goodsp Cairo 15.15 (A.D. 362) β . = ";pregnant";—τὴν μὲν Τάησιν βαρέαν οὖσαν ἐκ τῶν πληγῶν αὐτῶν ἐξέτρωσεν ( = -αν ) τὸ βρέφος , ";to Taesis who was pregnant they occasioned by their violence the miscarriage of her child"; (Ed.) : see Archiv iii. p. 116 on the passage. For the adverb see P Lond 42.29 (B.C. 168) (= I. p. 31) ἡ μήτηρ σου τυγχάνει βαρέως ἔχουσα .

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
βαρεα βαρέα βαρεί βαρεία βαρειαι βαρείαι βαρεῖαι βαρείαν βαρείας βαρεις βαρείς βαρεῖς βαρέος βαρύ βαρύν βαρύς βαρυτερα βαρυτέρα βαρύτερα βαρύτερος barea baréa bareiai bareîai bareis bareîs barutera barytera barýtera
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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