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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #946 - βδέλυγμα

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G948)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
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  1. a foul thing, a detestable thing
    1. of idols and things pertaining to idolatry
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 433 ‑ אֱלֹהַּ (el‑o'‑ah, el‑o'‑ah);  457 ‑ אֱלִיל (el‑eel');  1544 ‑ גִּלֻּל (ghil‑lool', ghil‑lool');  2553 ‑ חַמָּן (kham‑mawn');  4209 ‑ מְזִמָּה (mez‑im‑maw');  8251 ‑ שִׁקֻּץ (shik‑koots', shik‑koots');  8263 ‑ שֶׁקֶץ (sheh'‑kets);  8441 ‑ תּוֹעֵבָה (to‑ay‑baw', to‑ay‑baw');  
Frequency Lists
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KJV (6)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Revelation 3
NAS (6)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Revelation 3
CSB (6)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Revelation 3
BSB (6)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Revelation 3
ESV (6)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Revelation 3
WEB (6)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
Revelation 3
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

βδέλυγ-μα, ατος, τό,

abomination, τοῖς Αἰγ. πᾶς ποιμήν β. LXX Genesis 43:32, etc.; β. τῶν ἐρημώσεων, ἐρημώσεως, of an idol, ib. Daniel 9:27, 1 Maccabees 1:54, cf. Matthew 24:15.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

βδέλυγμα, βδελύγματος, τό (βδελύσσομαι), a Biblical and ecclesiastical word; in the Sept. mostly for תּועֵבָה, also for שִׁקוּץ and שֶׁקֶץ, a foul thing (loathsome on acct. of its stench), a detestable thing; (Tertullian abominamentum); Luth.Greuel; (A. V. abomination);

a. universally: Luke 16:15.

b. in the O. T. often used of idols and things pertaining to idolatry, to be held in abomination by the Israelites; as 1 Kings 11:6 (); (); 2 Kings 16:3; 2 Kings 21:2; 1 Esdr. 7:13; Wis. 12:23 Wis. 14:11; hence, in the N. T. in Revelation 17:4f of idol-worship and its impurities; ποιεῖν βδέλυγμα ψεῦδος, Revelation 21:27.

c. the expression τό βδέλυγμα τῆς ἐρημώσεως the desolating abomination (others take the genitive, others; e. g. Meyer as a genitive epexegetical) in Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14 (1 Macc. 1:54), seems to designate some terrible event in the Jewish war by which the temple was desecrated, perhaps that related by Josephus, b. j. 4, 9, 11ff (the Sept. Daniel 11:31; Daniel 12:11, βδέλυγμα (τῆς) ἐρημώσεως for מְשֹׁמֵם שִׁקּוּץ and שֹׁמֵם שִׁקוּץ, Daniel 9:27 βδέλυγμα τῶν ἐρημώσεων for מְשֹׁמֵם שִׁקוּצִים the abomination (or abominations) wrought by the desolator, i. e. not the statue of Jupiter Olympius, but a little idol-altar placed upon the altar of whole burnt offerings; cf. Grimm on 1 Macc., p. 31; Hengstenberg, Authentie des Daniel, p. 85f; (the principal explanations of the N. T. phrase are noticed in Dr. James Morison's Commentary on Matthew, the passage cited).)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

βδέλυγμα , -τος , τό

(< βδελύσσω ),

[in LXX chiefly for H8441 H8251;]

an abomination, a detestable thing: Luke 16:15, Revelation 17:4-5; Revelation 21:27; τὸ β . τ . ἐρημώσεως (Da LXX Daniel 12:11, cf. 1 Maccabees 1:54; DB, i, 12 f.; DCG, i, 6 f.), Mark 13:14. Matthew 24:15 (Cremer, 138).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

βδέλυγμα is ";a bibl. and eccl. word"; in Grimm, and we are not able to challenge its right to a place in this greatly reduced category. But it is almost as much a part of the verb as βδελυκτός , which likewise has independent status on Grimm’s page. The verb having appealed to the LXX translators as an excellent rendering of תָּעַב and other Hebrew verbs, it was inevitable that when a derived noun was wanted the regular formation should have been adopted or coined. Probably any Greek writer who wanted to express the idea of τὸ ἐβδελυγμένον would have done the same without hesitation.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
Βδελυγμα Βδέλυγμα βδέλυγμά βδελύγμασί βδελύγμασιν βδελύγματα βδελύγματά βδέλυγματα βδελύγματι βδελύγματος ΒΔΕΛΥΓΜΑΤΩΝ βδελυγμάτων βδελυγμόν βδελυγμός Bdelugma BDELUGMAToN BDELUGMATŌN Bdelygma Bdélygma BDELYGMAToN BDELYGMATŌN bdelygmáton bdelygmátōn
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