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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #989 - βλάσφημος
- speaking evil, slanderous, reproachful, railing, abusive
βλάσφημ-ος, ον, s
1. peaking ill-omened words, evil-speaking, Arist. Rh. 1398b11: c. gen., against.., Plu. 2.1100d, etc.
2. of words, slanderous, libellous, δέδοικα μὴ βλάσφημον μὲν εἰπεῖν ἀληθὲς δ' ᾖ D. 9.1, cf. Luc. Alex. 4 (Sup.). Adv. -μως Philostr. VA 4.19, App. BC 2.126.
3. blasphemous, ἔθνη LXX 2 Maccabees 10:4; ῥήματα Acts 6:11; λαλεῖν βλάσφημα Revelation 13:5 : Subst., blasphemer, LXX 2 Maccabees 9:28; 1 Timothy 1:13, etc.
βλάσφημος , -ον
(< βλασ , of uncertain deriv., v. Thayer, Boisacq; + φήμη , speech),
(a) evil-speaking, slanderous, blasphemous: Acts 6:11, 2 Timothy 3:2, 2 Peter 2:11 (cf. Judges 1:9);
(b) as subst. a blasphemer: 1 Timothy 1:13 (Cremer, 570).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The more special sense of irreverence towards God which β . and its derivatives have acquired, though not inherent in the word itself (cf. James 2:7, 2 Peter 2:11), may be illustrated from Vettius Valens p. 44.4 εἰς θεοὺς βλασφημοῦσιν ἢ ἐπίορκοι καὶ ἄθεοι καθίστανται , 58.12 εἰς τὰ θεῖα βλασφημοῦντες , 67.20 πολλὰ βλασφημήσει θεούς (for construction cf. 4 Kings 19.6 , 22). Thumb (Hellen. p. 178) remarks on the word as a genuine piece of ";Biblical Greek,"; that is a word which has acquired a technical meaning in association with Jewish and Christian religion. The etymology which seems to suit best its original meaning of ";injurious speaking";—βλάψ , the reduced form of βλάβος , and φη -μί —is not without phonetic difficulties : see Brugmann-Thumb Gr..4 p. 117f. (where it is accepted with some hesitation), and for an alternative (Brugmann’s) Boisacq Lex. s.v.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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