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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #03722 - כָּפַר

Transliteration
kâphar
Phonetics
kaw-far'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1023,1024,1025,1026
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to cover, purge, make an atonement, make reconciliation, cover over with pitch

1a) (Qal) to coat or cover with pitch

1b) (Piel)

1b1) to cover over, pacify, propitiate

1b2) to cover over, atone for sin, make atonement for

1b3) to cover over, atone for sin and persons by legal rites

1c) (Pual)

1c1) to be covered over

1c2) to make atonement for

1d) (Hithpael) to be covered

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 37 ‑ ἁγιάζω (hag‑ee‑ad'‑zo);  2433 ‑ ἱλάσκομαι (hil‑as'‑kom‑ahee);  2511 ‑ καθαρίζω (kath‑ar‑id'‑zo);  851 ‑ ἀφαιρέω (af‑ahee‑reh'‑o);  863 ‑ ἀφίημι (af‑ee'‑ay‑mee);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (102)
Genesis
2
Exodus
8
Leviticus
49
Numbers
16
Deuteronomy
3
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
1 Chronicles
1
2 Chronicles
2
Nehemiah
1
Psalms
3
Proverbs
2
Isaiah
5
Jeremiah
1
Ezekiel
6
Daniel
1
HCS ( 0 )
HCS (102)
Genesis
2
Exodus
8
Leviticus
49
Numbers
16
Deuteronomy
3
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
1 Chronicles
1
2 Chronicles
2
Nehemiah
1
Psalms
3
Proverbs
2
Isaiah
5
Jeremiah
1
Ezekiel
6
Daniel
1
BSB (105)
Genesis
3
Exodus
10
Leviticus
49
Numbers
16
Deuteronomy
3
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
1 Chronicles
1
2 Chronicles
2
Nehemiah
1
Psalms
3
Proverbs
2
Isaiah
5
Jeremiah
1
Ezekiel
6
Daniel
1
ESV (93)
Genesis
2
Leviticus
49
Numbers
16
Deuteronomy
2
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
1 Chronicles
1
2 Chronicles
2
Nehemiah
1
Psalms
3
Proverbs
2
Isaiah
5
Jeremiah
1
Ezekiel
6
Daniel
1
WEB (102)
Genesis
1
Exodus
8
Leviticus
49
Numbers
16
Deuteronomy
3
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
1
1 Chronicles
1
2 Chronicles
2
Nehemiah
1
Psalms
3
Proverbs
2
Isaiah
5
Jeremiah
1
Ezekiel
7
Daniel
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2283) rpk (כפר KPR) AC: Cover CO: Lid AB: Atonement: A protective covering to go over something or the covering of a debt or wrong. [from: ph] (eng: cover - with the exchange of the v and p)

V) rpk (כפר KPR) - Cover: KJV (102): (vf: Paal, Hitpael, Pual, Piel) atonement, purge, reconcile, forgive, purge, pacify, mercy, cleanse, disannul, appease, put, pardon, pitch - Strongs: H3722 (כָּפַר)

bm) ripk (כפיר KPYR) - I. Village:A village is a community outside of the city walls and covered with protection from the city. II. Young lion:[Unknown connection to root;] KJV (32): lion, village, young - Strongs: H3715 (כְּפִיר)

cm) rfpk (כפור KPWR) - I. Bason:A vessel with a lid cover. II. Frost:As covering the ground. KJV (9): bason, hoarfrost - Strongs: H3713 (כְּפוֹר)

cf2) trfpk (כפורת KPWRT) - Lid: As a covering. KJV (27): mercy seat - Strongs: H3727 (כַּפֹּרֶת)

gm) rpfk (כופר KWPR) - I. Covering:A covering such as pitch or a monetary covering such as a bribe or ransom. II. Village:A village is a community outside of the city walls and covered with protection from the city. KJV (19): ransom, satisfaction, bribe, camphire, pitch, village - Strongs: H3723 (כָּפָר), H3724 (כֹּפֶר)

edm) rfpik (כיפור KYPWR) - Atonement: A covering over of transgression. KJV (8): atonement - Strongs: H3725 (כִּפֻּרִים)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

כָּפַר prop. to cover, to cover over, whence כְּפוֹר and כַּפֹּרֶת a covering. Arabic كَفَرَ fut. I. and غَفَرَ to cover. Specially

(2) to cover over, to overspread with anything, as with pitch, to pitch, Genesis 6:14 compare כֹּפֶר No. 2, and Pu.

(3) covered with hair, to be hairy, shaggy, see כְּפִיר.

(4) to cover sins, i.e. to pardon; compare כֹּפֶר No. 4, and כִּפֶּר. Arab. كفر II. to expiate a crime, كفر to pardon.

Piel כִּפֶּר fut. יְכַפֵּר

(1) to cover, i.e. to pardon sin (comp. כִּסָּה); followed by acc. Psalms 65:4, 78:38 followed by עַל (like other verbs of covering), Jeremiah 18:23; Psalms 79:9 followed by לְ Deuteronomy 21:8 also followed by לְ Ezekiel 16:63, and בְּעַד of pers. (compare הֵגֵן בְּעַד Psalms 3:4). 2 Chronicles 30:18.

(2) causat. to obtain forgiveness.

(a) to expiate an offence, followed by an acc. Daniel 9:24; Ezekiel 45:20 followed by עַל Lev. 5:26 followed by בְּעַד (for) Exodus 32:30 followed by מִן Levit. 4:26 Numbers 6:11.

(b) to make expiation for an offender, to free him from charge; followed by עַל of pers., Exodus 30:10; Leviticus 4:20 followed by בְּעַד Leviticus 16:6, 11 Leviticus 16:11, 24 Leviticus 16:24; Ezekiel 45:17 followed by בְּ Levit. 17:11 to inanimate things which were accounted to be defiled; followed by an acc., Leviticus 16:33 followed by עַל Leviticus 16:18. Examples of full construction are, Leviticus 5:18, וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַכֹּהֵן עַל שִׁגְגָתוֹ “and the priest shall make atonement for him, on account of his sins;” and, 4:26, וְכִפֶּר עָלָיו הַבֹּהֵן מֵחַטָּאתוֹ “and the priest shall make atonement for him from his sin.”

(c) to appease any one who has been injured, or is angry; with an acc. of pers., Genesis 32:21; Proverbs 16:14 also to appease an impending calamity, i.e. to remove it by expiation, Isaiah 47:11. The sacrifice by which the expiation is made, is put with בְּ prefixed, 2 Samuel 21:3; Numbers 5:8.

Pual.

(1) to be covered, i.e. obliterated; prop. used of letters which were covered and deleted by drawing the style over them; Isaiah 28:18, יְכֻפַּר בְּרִיתְכֶם “your covenant shall be obliterated,” i.e. abolished; a phrase derived from written agreements. (Aram. ܟܦܰܪ, כַּפֵּר to smear over, to abolish.)

(2) Pass. of Piel 2, a, to be expiated; of sin, Isaiah 6:7, 22:14 27:9.

(3) Pass. of Piel 2, b, to be freed from charge, (of a guilty person), to receive pardon, Exodus 29:33; Numbers 35:33.

Hithpael, fut. יִתְכַּפֵּר 1 Samuel 3:14, and

Nithpael, נִכַּפֵּר Deuteronomy 21:8, to be expiated, of sin.

The derived nouns immediately follow, except כְּפוֹר, כְּפִיר, and pr.n. כְּפִירָה.

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List of Word Forms
אֲכַפְּרָ֖ה אֲכַפְּרָ֣ה אֲכַפֵּ֔ר אכפר אכפרה בְּכַפְּרִי־ בְּכַפֶּרְךָ֖ בכפרי־ בכפרך הַכִּפֻּרִ֔ים הַכִּפֻּרִ֗ים הכפרים וְכִפֶּ֕ר וְכִפֶּ֣ר וְכִפֶּ֤ר וְכִפֶּ֥ר וְכִפֶּ֧ר וְכִפֶּ֨ר וְכִפֶּר֙ וְכִפֶּר֩ וְכִפַּרְתֶּ֖ם וְכִפַּרְתָּֽהוּ׃ וְכַפֵּ֣ר וְכַפֵּ֥ר וְכָֽפַרְתָּ֥ וְכֻפַּ֤ר וְנִכַּפֵּ֥ר וַיְכַפֵּ֖ר וַיְכַפֵּ֧ר וּלְכַפֵּ֖ר וּלְכַפֵּ֣ר וּלְכַפֵּר֙ ויכפר וכפר וכפרת וכפרתהו׃ וכפרתם ולכפר ונכפר יְ֠כֻפַּר יְכַפְּרֶֽנָּה׃ יְכַפְּרוּ֙ יְכַפֵּ֑ר יְכַפֵּ֤ר יְכַפֵּ֥ר יְכַפֵּֽר׃ יְכַפֶּר־ יְכֻפַּ֗ר יְכֻפַּ֣ר יִתְכַּפֵּ֞ר יכפר יכפר־ יכפר׃ יכפרו יכפרנה׃ יתכפר כַּפְּרָ֑הּ כַּפֵּר֩ כֻּפַּ֣ר כפר כפרה לְכַפֵּ֖ר לְכַפֵּ֞ר לְכַפֵּ֣ר לְכַפֵּ֥ר לכפר מִכַּפֵּ֣ר מכפר תְּכַפֵּר֙ תְּכֻפָּֽר׃ תְכַפְּרֵֽם׃ תכפר תכפר׃ תכפרם׃ ’ă·ḵap·pə·rāh ’ă·ḵap·pêr ’ăḵappêr ’ăḵappərāh achapPer achappeRah bə·ḵap·pə·rî- bə·ḵap·per·ḵā bechapperCha bechapperi bəḵappərî- bəḵapperḵā hak·kip·pu·rîm hakkippuRim hakkippurîm kap·pə·rāh kap·pêr kapPer kappêr kappeRah kappərāh kup·par kuppar lə·ḵap·pêr lechapPer ləḵappêr mik·kap·pêr mikkapPer mikkappêr ṯə·ḵap·pə·rêm tə·ḵap·pêr tə·ḵup·pār techapPer techappeRem techupPar təḵappêr ṯəḵappərêm təḵuppār ū·lə·ḵap·pêr ulechapPer ūləḵappêr vaychapPer vechafarTa vechapPer vechipparTahu vechipparTem vechipPer vechupPar venikkapPer way·ḵap·pêr wayḵappêr wə·ḵā·p̄ar·tā wə·ḵap·pêr wə·ḵip·par·tā·hū wə·ḵip·par·tem wə·ḵip·per wə·ḵup·par wə·nik·kap·pêr wəḵāp̄artā wəḵappêr wəḵippartāhū wəḵippartem wəḵipper wəḵuppar wənikkappêr yə·ḵap·pə·ren·nāh yə·ḵap·pə·rū yə·ḵap·pêr yə·ḵap·per- yə·ḵup·par yechapPer yechappeRennah yechappeRu yechupPar yəḵappêr yəḵapper- yəḵappərennāh yəḵappərū yəḵuppar yiṯ·kap·pêr yitkapPer yiṯkappêr
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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