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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #06822 - צָפָה

Transliteration
tsâphâh
Phonetics
tsaw-faw'
Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
verb
TWOT
1950
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צָפַד
 
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צָפָה
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to look out or about, spy, keep watch, observe, watch

1a) (Qal) to keep watch, spy

1b) (Piel) to watch, watch closely

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2657 ‑ κατανοέω (kat‑an‑o‑eh'‑o);  5442 ‑ φυλάσσω (foo‑las'‑so);  2572 ‑ καλύπτω (kal‑oop'‑to);  2885 ‑ κοσμέω (kos‑meh'‑o);  4023 ‑ περιέχω (per‑ee‑ekh'‑o);  1914 ‑ ἐπιβλέπω (ep‑ee‑blep'‑o);  4649 ‑ σκοπός (skop‑os');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (36)
Genesis 1
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 6
2 Kings 3
Job 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 2
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 2
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 5
Hosea 1
Micah 2
Nahum 1
Habakkuk 1
NAS (39)
Genesis 1
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 6
2 Kings 3
Job 1
Psalms 4
Proverbs 3
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 5
Hosea 1
Micah 3
Nahum 1
Habakkuk 2
CSB (35)
Genesis 1
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 5
2 Kings 3
Job 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 2
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 2
Lamentations 2
Ezekiel 5
Hosea 1
Micah 2
Nahum 1
Habakkuk 1
BSB (36)
Genesis 1
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 6
2 Kings 3
Job 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 2
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 2
Lamentations 2
Ezekiel 5
Hosea 1
Micah 2
Nahum 1
Habakkuk 1
ESV (32)
Genesis 1
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 6
2 Kings 3
Job 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 2
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 5
Hosea 1
Micah 2
WEB (35)
Genesis 1
1 Samuel 2
2 Samuel 6
2 Kings 3
Job 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 2
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 4
Jeremiah 2
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 5
Hosea 1
Micah 2
Nahum 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1408) py (תספ TsP) AC: Watch CO: Watchtower AB: ?: (eng: spy)

A) py (תספ TsP) AC: Watch CO: Watchtower AB: ?

Nf4 ) tipy (תספית TsPYT) - Watchtower: As watches over an area. KJV (1): watchtower - Strongs: H6844 (צָפִית)

jf) nfpy (תספונ TsPWN) - North: From the north star which is watched for direction. KJV (153): north, northward, northern - Strongs: H6828 (צָפֹן)

jfm) infpy (תספוני TsPWNY) - Northern: From the north star which is watched for direction. KJV (1): northern - Strongs: H6830 (צְפוֹנִי)

H) epy (תספה TsPH) AC: Watch CO: Watchtower AB: ?: A covering of an area by watching.

V) epy (תספה TsPH) - I. Watch: II. Overlay:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (83): (vf: Paal, Pual, Piel) watch, watchman, behold, look, espy, overlay, cover, garnish - Strongs: H6822 (צָפָה), H6823 (צָפָה)

ff1) eipiy (תסיפיה TsYPYH) - Watching: KJV (1): watching - Strongs: H6836 (צִפִּיָּה)

hm) epym (מתספה MTsPH) - Watchtower: A place for watching. KJV (2): watchtower - Strongs: H4707 (מִצְפֶּה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [צָפָה]37 verb look out or about, spy keep watch (Late Hebrew id., Pi`el hope;; Ethiopic III. hope); —

Qal28 Imperfect 3 masculine singular jussive יִצֶף בֵּינִיוּבֵינֶ֑ךָ Genesis 31:49 (J) may ׳י keep watch between me and thee (that the covenant be kept = ׳עֵד וגו׳א Genesis 31:50); 3 feminine plural עֵינָיו בַּגּוֺיִם תִּצְמֶּי֑נָה Psalm 66:9 his eyes keep watch upon the nations; Participle active צוֺפֶה רָשָׁע֫ לַצַּדִּיק Psalm 37:32 a wicked man spieth upon the righteous; Song of Solomon 7:5 the town which looketh toward (מְּנֵי) Damascus; feminine צוֺפִיָּה Proverbs 31:27 she keepeth watch of (with accusative); plural ׳עֵינֵי יצֹפוֺת רָעִים וְטוֺבִים Proverbs 15:3; elsewhere as substantive watchman, absoluteצֹפֶה 2 Samuel 13:34 +; plural צֹפִים 1 Samuel 14:16 +, suffix צֹפָיו Isaiah 56:10 Qr (Kt צפו), צֹפַיִךְ Isaiah 52:8; — 1 Samuel 14:16; 2 Samuel 13:34 8t. Samuel Kings, Ezekiel 33:2,6 (twice in verse); Isaiah 52:8, so in שְׂדֵה צֹפִים Numbers 23:14 (JE); figurative of prophets Hosea 9:8; Jeremiah 6:17; Ezekiel 3:17; Ezekiel 33:7; Isaiah 56:10; — צוֺפִים 1 Samuel 1:1 see צוּפִי; Passive participle צָפוּ (Manuscripts and Qr צָפוּי), Job 15:22 spied out (and brought) to (אֱלֵי) the sword (Em Bi Perles Anal. 29 צָפוּן compare Di Bu). Pi`el Perfect 1 plural צִמִּינוּ Lamentations 4:17; Imperfect 1 singular אֲצַמֶּה Micah 7:7 +; Imperative masculine singular צַמֵּה Nahum 2:2, feminine singular צַמִּי Jeremiah 48:19; Participle מְצַמֶּה 1 Samuel 4:13; Isaiah 21:6; plural suffix מְצַמֶּיךָ Micah 7:4; — watch ( closely), אֶלרֶּֿרֶךְ׳עִמְדִי וְצ Jeremiah 48:19, דֶֿרֶךְ׳צ Nahum 2:2; + אֶל of person expected Lamentations 4:17; figurative אֲצַמֶּה׳בְּי Micah 7:7; absolute literal 1 Samuel 4:13; figurative Habakkuk 2:1 I will look forth, to see (לִרְאוֺת) what he will say; Psalm 5:4 I will look out (expectantly); participle as noun = watchman Isaiah 21:6; Micah 7:4.


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

צָפָה

(1)  to shine, to be bright (Arabic صفى); Hence Piel No. 1.

(2) to look out, to view (prop. to enlighten with the eyes, comp. שָׁזַף, unless the primary idea be rather sought for in inclining, bending forward, in order to view; comp. הִשְׁקִיף. With this accord σκέπω, σκόπος, σκοπέω; and even in Lat. transp. specio, specto, specula, etc). Isaiah 21:5 see צָפִית. Used of a tower which has a wide view, Song of Solomon 7:5. Part. צוֹפֶה a watchman set on a tower, 1 Samuel 14:16; 2 Samuel 13:34, 18:24. Metaph. used of prophets, who, like watchmen, declare future events as being divinely revealed to them by visions, Jeremiah 6:17 Eze. 3:17 comp. Habakkuk 2:1 [Piel]. Hence

(a) to look out for. Hosea 9:8, צוֹפֶה אֶפְרַיִם “Ephraim looks out for (aid).”

(b) to observe accurately; followed by an acc., Proverbs 15:3, 31:27 followed by בְּ Psalms 66:7 followed by בֵּין (to see and judge between), Genesis 31:49.

(c) to lie in wait; followed by לְ Psalms 37:32.

(d) to select (auferfehen), i.q. רָאָה. Job 15:22, צָפוּ הוּא אֱלֵי חֶרֶב “selected (or destined) for the sword” (צָפוּ for צָפוּי).

Piel

(1) to overlay with gold or silver (pr. to make splendid; see Kal No. 1); followed by two acc., Exodus 25:24; 1 Kings 6:20, seqq.

(2) i.q. Kal No. 2, 1 Samuel 4:13 part. מְצַפֶּה a watchman, Isaiah 21:6 metaph. a prophet, Micah 7:4. Followed by אֶל of the thing which any one watches for and expects (as aid), Lamentations 4:17 בְּ Micah 7:7. Absol. Psalms 5:4, אֲצַפֶּה “I expect,” sc. divine aid, I look to God.

Pual, pass. of Piel No. 1, to be overlaid, Exodus 26:32; Proverbs 26:23.

Derivatives, צִפּוּי, צִפִּיָּה, צָפִית, מִצְפֶּה; and pr.n. צְפָת, צְפָתָה, צְפוֹ, צְפִי, צִפְיוֹן, מִצְפָּח.

צָפָה f. (from the root צוּף) a swimming, Ezekiel 32:6.


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List of Word Forms
אֲצַפֶּ֔ה אצפה בְּצִפִּיָּתֵ֣נוּ בצפיתנו הַֽמְצַפֶּ֔ה הַצֹּפִים֙ הַצֹּפֶ֔ה הַצֹּפֶ֜ה הַצֹּפֶ֥ה הַצֹּפֶה֙ הַצֹּפֶה֮ המצפה הצפה הצפים וְ֠הַצֹּפֶה וְהַצֹּפֶה֩ וְצַפִּ֖י וְצָפ֖וּי וַאֲצַפֶּ֗ה וַאֲצַפֶּֽה׃ ואצפה ואצפה׃ והצפה וצפוי וצפי יִ֥צֶף יצף לְצֹפֶֽה׃ לצפה׃ מְצַפֶּ֔ה מְצַפֶּ֙יךָ֙ מצפה מצפיך צ֭וֹפִיָּה צִפִּ֔ינוּ צַפֵּה־ צֹ֝פ֗וֹת צֹפִ֔ים צֹפֶ֥ה צֹפַ֛יִךְ צֹפָ֞יו צוֹפֶ֖ה צוֹפֶ֣ה צופה צופיה צפה צפה־ צפות צפיו צפיך צפים צפינו תִּצְפֶּ֑ינָה תצפינה ’ă·ṣap·peh ’ăṣappeh atzapPeh bə·ṣip·pî·yā·ṯê·nū bəṣippîyāṯênū betzippiyaTenu ham·ṣap·peh hamṣappeh hamtzapPeh haṣ·ṣō·p̄eh haṣ·ṣō·p̄îm haṣṣōp̄eh haṣṣōp̄îm hatztzoFim hatztzoPeh lə·ṣō·p̄eh ləṣōp̄eh letzoPeh mə·ṣap·pe·ḵā mə·ṣap·peh məṣappeh məṣappeḵā metzapPeh metzapPeicha ṣap·pêh- ṣappêh- ṣip·pî·nū ṣippînū ṣō·p̄a·yiḵ ṣō·p̄āw ṣō·p̄eh ṣō·p̄îm ṣō·p̄ō·wṯ ṣō·w·p̄eh ṣō·w·p̄î·yāh ṣōp̄āw ṣōp̄ayiḵ ṣōp̄eh ṣōp̄îm ṣōp̄ōwṯ ṣōwp̄eh ṣōwp̄îyāh tiṣ·pe·nāh tiṣpenāh titzPeinah tzappeh tzipPinu tzoFav tzoFayich tzoFim Tzofiyah tzoFot tzoPeh vaatzapPeh Vehatztzofeh vehatztzoPeh vetzaFui vetzapPi wa’ăṣappeh wa·’ă·ṣap·peh wə·haṣ·ṣō·p̄eh wə·ṣā·p̄ui wə·ṣap·pî wəhaṣṣōp̄eh wəṣappî wəṣāp̄ui yi·ṣep̄ yiṣep̄ Yitzef
 
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