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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #142 - אָדַר
1) to be great, be majestic, wide, noble (poetic)
1a) (Niphal) majestic, glorious (participle)
1b) (Hiphil) make glorious
1089) rd (דר DR) AC: ? CO: Circle AB: ?: The pictograph d is a door representing a moving back and forth. The r is the head of a man. Combined these mean "the back and forth movement of man". A generation is one revolution of the family line. The Hebraic understanding of order is the continual cyclical process of life and death or renewal and destruction. This root can also have the meanings of circling around of something in a wide area or to cover a large area. (eng: adore - as honor)
bm) rida (אדיר ADYR) - Noble: Someone or something that is wide in authority or majesty. KJV (27): noble, excellent, mighty, principle, famous, gallant, glorious, goodly, lordly, worthies - Strongs: H117 (אַדִּיר)
V) rde (הדר HDR) - Swell: Someone or something that is wide in size or majesty. To honor. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (10): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael) honour, countenance, crooked places, glorious, glorified, put forth - Strongs: H1921 (הָדַר), H1922 (הֲדַר)
Nm) rde (הדר HDR) - Honor: Someone or something that is swollen in size, pride or majesty. KJV (34): honour, majesty, glory, beauty, comeliness, excellency, glorious, goodly - Strongs: H1923 (הֲדַר), H1925 (הֶדֶר), H1926 (הָדָר)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
אָדַר a root not used in Kal, prob. to be wide, (see אֶדֶר, אַדֶּרֶת ), comp. أَدِرَ to have hernia (prob. to swell out); أَهْدَرُ inflated, swelling (of the belly). Kindred is הָדַר. Hence, to be great, magnificent, (see אַדִּיר ).
Niphil, to be made great, glorious, Part.; Exodus 15:11, and 6, יְמִינְךָ יְהֹוָה נֶאְדָּרִי בַּכֹּחַ “thy right hand, O God, has become great (i.e. is rendered illustrious) in power.” Yod in נֶאְדָּרִי is paragogic.
Hiphil, to render great, illustrious, Isaiah 42:21.
The derivative nouns see under Kal, also the compound words אֲדַרְגָֽזְרִין and אַדְרַמֶּלֶךְ.
[אַדָּר Addar, pr.n. m., 1 Chronicles 8:3.]
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