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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2232 - זָרַע
1) to sow, scatter seed
1a1) to sow
1a2) producing, yielding seed
1b1) to be sown
1b2) to become pregnant, be made pregnant
1c) (Pual) to be sown
1d) (Hiphil) to produce seed, yield seed
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
זָרַע fut. יִזְרַע
(1) to scatter, to disperse, Zechariah 10:9. See the kindred roots commencing with the syllable זר under the root זָרָה. From the kindred signification of expanding, is derived זְרוֹעַ an arm, like זֶרֶת a span, from זָרָה. A secondary root, and derived from זְרוֹעַ, ذراع is found in Arab. ذرع to attack violently, to seize, IV. to take in the arms.
(2) Especially, to scatter seed, to sow (Arabic زرع, Syr. ܙܪܥܰ, Eth. ዘናዐ፡ id.). Constr.
(a) absol. Job 31:8; Isaiah 37:30.
(b) with an acc. of the seed sown (e.g. זָרַע חִטִּים to sow wheat), Jeremiah 12:13; Haggai 1:6; Leviticus 26:16; Ecclesiastes 11:6.
(c) with acc. of the field sown, Genesis 47:23; Exodus 23:10; Leviticus 25:3. Jer. 2:2, אֶרֶץ לֹא זְרוּעָה “a land not sown.”
(d) with acc. both of the seed and the field. Leviticus 19:19, שָֽׂדְךָ לֹא תִזְרַע כִּלְאַיִם “thou shalt not sow thy field with divers kinds.” Deuteronomy 22:9; Isaiah 30:23; Judges 9:45. To scatter seed is also said of a plant which bears seed, Genesis 1:29 comp. 12. Metaphorically, to sow justice, Proverbs 11:18 and on the contrary, wickedness, Proverbs 22:8 mischief, Job 4:8 the wind, Hosea 8:7, that is, by good or evil actions to provide rewards or punishments answering to the figure of the harvest; comp. Galatians 6:7,. [The New Testament use of language, apart from its context, must not be pressed too far to illustrate Old Test. expressions; how “God could be just, and yet the justifier,” had not then been manifested.] A little differently, Hosea 10:12, זִרְעוּ לָכֶם לִצְדָקָה קִצְרוּ לְפִי חֶסֶד “sow for yourselves according to righteousness, reap according to the mercy (of God).” Psalms 97:11, אוֹר זָרֻעַ לַצַּדִּיק “light (i.e. happiness) shed abroad (is prepared) for the righteous.” To sow a nation, i.q. to multiply, to increase, Hos. 2:25 Jeremiah 31:27.
(3) to sow, i.q. to plant, with two acc. Isaiah 17:10.
(1) to be scattered, Ezekiel 36:9.
(2) to be sown, Leviticus 11:37. Figuratively, Nahum 1:14, “there shall be sown no more of thy name,” i.e. thy name shall be no more perpetuated.
(3) to be sown, spoken of a woman, i.e. to be made fruitful, to conceive, Numbers 5:28.
Pual pass. of Kal No. 2, Isaiah 40:24.
(1) to bear seed, as a plant. Genesis 1:11, עֵשֶׂב מַזְרִיעַ זֶרַע comp. verse 29, where there is in the same context, זֹרֵעַ זֶרַע.
(2) to conceive seed, speaking of a woman; to be made fruitful, Leviticus 12:2 comp. Niphal, No. 3.
Derivatives, besides those which immediately follow, זְרוֹעַ (אֶזְרוֹעַ), זֵרוּעַ, יִזְרְעֵאל, מִזְרָע.
the Week of Proper 14 / Ordinary 19