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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2314 - חָדַר
1) (Qal) to encompass, surround, enclose
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
חָדַר i.q. Syr. ܚܕܪܰ to surround, to enclose; and in an evil sense, to besiege. (This root belongs to the same family as הָצַר and נָּדַר, which see. The Arabic خِدْرُ a curtain, and خدر to be hid behind a curtain; also, Eth. ኀደረ፡ to dwell, are secondary roots.) By means of this signification, I now explain Ezekiel 21:19, חֶרֶב הַחֹדֶרֶת לָהֶם “the sword which besieges them (on every side),” besets them all around. Abulwalid considers the same sense of besieging to be derived from sitting down and lying hid (see Arab. and Eth.). The ancient versions have “a sword frightening them,” as though it were the same as חֹרֶדֶת. Hence
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