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the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #3302 - יָפָה

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to be bright, be beautiful, be handsome, be fair

1a) (Qal) to be beautiful

1b) (Piel) to beautify

1c) (Pual) to be beautiful

1d) (Hithpael) to beautify oneself

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2570 ‑ καλός (kal‑os');  5611 ‑ ὡραῖος (ho‑rah'‑yos);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (8)
Psalms 1
Song of Solomon 3
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 2
NAS (9)
Psalms 1
Song of Solomon 3
Jeremiah 3
Ezekiel 2
HCS (8)
Psalms 1
Song of Solomon 3
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 2
BSB (7)
Psalms 1
Song of Solomon 2
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 2
ESV (5)
Psalms 1
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 2
WEB (8)
Psalms 1
Song of Solomon 3
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1224) pi (יפ YP) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Beauty

A) pi (יפ YP) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Beauty: A place, thing or event that goes beyond the normal such as a miracle, sign, wonder or beauty.

fm) ipi (יפי YPY) - Beauty: KJV (19): beauty - Strongs: H3308 (יֳפִי)

H) epi (יפה YPH) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Beauty: A place, thing or event that goes beyond the normal such as a miracle, sign, wonder or beauty.

V) epi (יפה YPH) - Beautiful: To be beautiful. KJV (8): (vf: Paal, Hitpael, Pual, Piel) fair, beautiful - Strongs: H3302 (יָפָה)

Nm) epi (יפה YPH) - Beauty: KJV (42): fair, beautiful, well, beauty - Strongs: H3303 (יָפֶה), H3304 (יְפֵה־פִיָּה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2023
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [יָפָה] verb be fair, beautiful (Late Hebrew id. Pi`el and derivatives; Aramaic Aph`el is suffice, finish, fail; compare Aramaic (PS3015) beautiful, fit, Nö§ 172c. Anm. G H[offmann] LCB1882,321. Arabic fulfil, perform; Ethiopic II.

2 give (entirely) over to, into power of, Di349) —

Qal Perfect יָפִיתְ Song of Solomon 7:7; יָפוּ Song of Solomon 4:10; Song of Solomon 7:2 Imperfect 2 feminine singular וַתִּ֫יפִי (Kö Lgh. i. 581) Ezekiel 16:13; 3 masculine singular with apocope וַיִּיף Ezekiel 31:7; — be beautiful, subject person Song of Solomon 4:10; Song of Solomon 7:7; of feet Song of Solomon 7:2; of Jerusalem under figure of woman Ezekiel 16:13; Egypt under figure of tree Ezekiel 31:7.

Pi`el Imperfect 3 masculine singular suffix יְיַמֵּ֑הוּ Jeremiah 10:4 beautify an idol. The (

Pe`al`al ?) Perfect form אָדָם יָפְיָפִיתָ מִבְּנֵי Psalm 45:3 is contrary to all analogues: read either יָפִיתָ or יְפֵיפִיתָ Ges § 55. 3 Sta§ 156 R Now (Kö i. 583f. defence is artificial): thou art more beautiful than, etc.

Hithpa`el Imperfect 2 feminine singular תִּתְיַמִּי beautify thyself Jeremiah 4:30.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

יָפָה fut. יִיפֶה, וַיִּיף

(1) properly to shine, to be bright, cogn. root יָפַע, compare יָגַע وجع and יָנָה. Hence יֳפִי No. 1, and מוֹפֵת an illustrious deed, a miracle.

(2) to be beautiful, used of a woman, Song of Solomon 4:10, 7:2, Ezekiel 16:13 of a tree, 31:7.

Piel, to make beautiful, to adorn, to deck (with gold), Jeremiah 10:4.

Pual, with the two first radicals doubled יָפְיָפָה to be very beautiful, Psalms 45:3. But this form is altogether without analogy, nor is there any example found of first radicals which are doubled; examples of doubling the latter radicals, such as סְחַרְחַר, can hardly be compared with this, since this latter usage, instead of increasing the signification, diminishes it. To give my own opinion, I think that an error may exist in this word, and that the letters יפ at the beginning may be spurious, as having arisen from the practice of copyists; of this, which has been a constant source of errors, I have treated in Thes. i. p. 64; Anecdd. Orient. i. 68.

Hithpael, to adorn oneself (of a woman), Jeremiah 4:30.

Derivatives, besides those which follow next, יְפִי, יֳפִי, and probably מוֹפֵת.

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List of Word Forms
וַיְּיִ֣ף וַתִּ֙יפִי֙ וייף ותיפי יְיַפֵּ֑הוּ יָּפ֥וּ יָּפִית֙ יָפְיָפִ֡יתָ ייפהו יפו יפיפית יפית תִּתְיַפִּ֑י תתיפי tiṯ·yap·pî tityapPi tiṯyappî vaiyeYif vatTifi wat·tî·p̄î wattîp̄î way·yə·yip̄ wayyəyip̄ yā·p̄ə·yā·p̄î·ṯā yā·p̄îṯ yā·p̄ū yafeyaFita yaFit yaFu yāp̄əyāp̄îṯā yāp̄îṯ yāp̄ū yə·yap·pê·hū yeyapPehu yəyappêhū
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