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Friday, July 12th, 2024
the Week of Proper 9 / Ordinary 14
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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #3512 - כָּאָה

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

  1. to be sad, be disheartened, be cowed
    1. (Niphal) to be disheartened, be cowed
    2. (Hiphil) to make sad

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1294 ‑ διαστρέφω (dee‑as‑tref'‑o);  1856 ‑ ἐξωθέω (ex‑o‑theh'‑o, ex‑o'‑tho);  2660 ‑ κατανύσσω (kat‑an‑oos'‑so);  5013 ‑ ταπεινόω (tap‑i‑no'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (4)
Psalms 1
Ezekiel 2
Daniel 1
BSB (3)
Psalms 1
Ezekiel 1
Daniel 1
CSB (1)
Psalms 1
Ezekiel 1
Daniel 1
ESV (18)
Genesis 3
Exodus 6
Leviticus 1
Numbers 2
Joshua 4
2 Chronicles 1
Psalms 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Ezekiel 1
Daniel 1
KJV (3)
Psalms 1
Ezekiel 1
Daniel 1
LEB (2)
Ezekiel 1
Daniel 1
LSB (0)
The Legacy Standard Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
N95 (0)
The New American Standard Bible (1995)
did not use
this Strong's Number
NAS (0)
The New American Standard Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
NLT (0)
The World English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
WEB (4)
Psalms 1
Ezekiel 2
Daniel 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1235) ek (כה KH) AC: Burn CO: Brand AB: ?: The burning of the skin. Related to ik.

A) ek (כה KH) AC: ? CO: Brand AB: ?

Nm ) ek (כה KH) - So: To do something in a certain manner, a reference to the previous or following context. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: hkk]KJV (35): thus, so, after, like, hitherto, while, manner - Strongs: H3541 (כֹּה), H3542 (כָּה), H3602 (כָּכָה)

Nf1 ) eek (כהה KHH) - Darkening: KJV (1): healing - Strongs: H3545 (כֵּהָה)

B) eek (כהה KHH) AC: ? CO: Dark AB: ?: The charred color of wood that has been burned.

V) eek (כהה KHH) - Dark: To be dark in the eyes or knowledge. KJV (8): (vf: Paal, Piel) dim, fail, faint, darken, utterly, restrain - Strongs: H3543 (כָּהָה)

Nm) eek (כהה KHH) - Dark: KJV (9): dark, darkish, dim, smoking, heaviness - Strongs: H3544 (כֵּהֶה)

D) eak (כאה KAH) AC: Sad CO: ? AB: ?: A darkening of the soul.

V) eak (כאה KAH) - Sad: KJV (3): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil) sad, broken, grieve - Strongs: H3512 (כָּאָה)

J) efk (כוה KWH) AC: Burn CO: ? AB: ?

V) efk (כוה KWH) - Burn: KJV (2): (vf: Niphal) burn - Strongs: H3554 (כָּוָה)

ff1) eifk (כויה KWYH) - Burn: KJV (2): burn - Strongs: H3555 (כְּוִיָּה)

hf1) efkm (מכוה MKWH) - Burning: KJV (5): burn - Strongs: H4348 (מִכְוָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [כָּאָה] verb

Niph`al be disheartened, cowed (compare Arabic draw back timidly, abstain, through timidity) —

Niph`al Perfect וְנִכְאָה consecutive Daniel 11:30 then shall he be cowed; Participle נִכְאֵה לֵבָב Psalm 109:16 downhearted ("" עָנִי וְאֶבְיוֺן).

Hiph`il Infinitive construct הַכְאוֺת לֵב צַדִּיק Ezekiel 13:22; but ᵐ5ᵑ7 Co הכאבתן see כָּאַב.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

כָּאָה unused in Kal, properly to reprove, to rebuke, like the Syr. ܟܐܳܐ, hence to become fearful, faint-hearted, to be sad, compare כָּהָה كَهِىَ to be faint-hearted, Arabic كَاءَ to be sad, كَاءُ faint-hearted, كَعَّ to terrify, to restrain, intrans. Med. E. to be fearful, faint-hearted.

Hiphil, to make sad, faint-hearted, to afflict, with the addition of לֵב Ezekiel 13:22.


(1) to be rebuked, followed by מִן to be cast out, expelled. Job 30:8, נִכְּאוּ מִן־הָאָרֶץ “they are cast out of the land.” (Dagesh euphon. in Caph.) [In Thes. this passage is referred to נָכָא, and this meaning is therefore not given.]

(2) to be faint-hearted, dejected, Daniel 11:30; Psalms 109:16. Hence

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List of Word Forms
הַכְא֤וֹת הכאות וְנִכְאָ֔ה ונכאה hachot haḵ’ōwṯ haḵ·’ō·wṯ venichAh wə·niḵ·’āh wəniḵ’āh
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