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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #422 - אָלָה

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to swear, curse

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to swear, take an oath (before God)

1a2) to curse

1b) (Hiphil)

1b1) to put under oath, adjure

1b2) to put under a curse

Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (6)
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Hosea 2
NAS (13)
Judges 2
1 Samuel 3
1 Kings 3
2 Chronicles 3
Hosea 2
HCS (8)
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
1 Kings 2
2 Chronicles 2
Hosea 2
BSB (6)
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Hosea 2
ESV (5)
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
2 Chronicles 1
Hosea 2
WEB (7)
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 2
Hosea 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1012) la (אל AL) AC: Yoke CO: Ox AB: Strength: The pictograph a is a picture of an ox head and also represents its strength. The l is a picture of a shepherd staff and also represents the authority of the shepherd. Combined these two pictographs mean "the strong authority" and can be anyone or thing of strong authority. The yoke is understood as a "staff on the shoulders" (see Isaiah 9:4) in order to harness their power for pulling loads such as a wagon or plow. Hence, the two pictographs can also represent "the ox in the yoke". Often two oxen were yoked together. An older, more experienced ox would be teamed up (yoked) with a younger, less experienced ox. The older ox in the yoke is the "strong authority" who, through the yoke, teaches the younger ox. (eng: all; elk; elephant)

A) la (אל AL) AC: ? CO: Ox AB: Oath: The power of the oxs muscles to perform work.

Nm) la (אל AL) - Power: One who holds authority over others such as judges, chiefs and gods. In the sense of being yoked to one another. KJV (245): God, god, power, mighty, goodly, great, idols, strong, unto, with, against, at, into, in, before, to, of, upon, by, toward, hath, for, on, beside, from, where, after, within - Strongs: H410 (אֵל)

Nf1) ela (אלה ALH) - I. Oath:A binding agreement including the curse for violating the oath. II. Oak:The strongest of the woods. KJV (50): oak, elm, teil tree, curse, oath, execration, swearing - Strongs: H423 (אָלָה), H424 (אֵלָה), H427 (אַלָּה)

bf1) eila (אליה ALYH) - Fat-tail: The fat part of a sheeps rump considered an Eastern delicacy. KJV (5): rump - Strongs: H451 (אַלְיָה)

if1) elat (תאלה TALH) - Curse: KJV (1): curse - Strongs: H8381 (תַּאֲלָה)

jm) nfla (אלונ ALWN) - Oak: The strongest of the woods. KJV (17): plain, oak - Strongs: H436 (אֵלוֹן), H437 (אַלּוֹן)

H) ela (אלה ALH) AC: Swear CO: Yoke AB: ?: The yoking together of two parties. A treaty or covenant binds two parties together through an oath (yoke) . The oath included blessings for abiding by the covenant and curses for breaking the covenant (see de28) . The God of the Hebrews was seen as the older ox that is yoked to his people in a covenant relationship.

V) ela (אלה ALH) - I. Sw (vf: Paal, Hiphil) |kjv: swear, curse, adjure, lament - Strongs: H421 (אָלָה), H422 (אָלָה)

Nm ) ela (אלה ALH) - Power: The power or might of one who rules or teaches. One who yokes with another. Often applied to rulers or a god. [Aramaic only] KJV (95): god - Strongs: H426 (אֱלָהּ)

cm) efla (אלוה ALWH) - Power: The power or might of one who rules or teaches. One who yokes with another. Often applied to rulers or a god. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: hla] KJV (2663): God, god, heathen deity - Strongs: H430 (אֱלֹהִים), H433 (אֱלֹהַּ)

J) lfa (אול AWL) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Strength: The strength of the ox.

Nm) lfa (אול AWL) - Strength: KJV (2): mighty, strength - Strongs: H193 (אוּל)

L) lai (יאל YAL) AC: ? CO: Yoke AB: ?: The placing of the yoke upon the shoulders to perform a task.

V) lai (יאל YAL) - Yoke: The placing of a yoke on the shoulders to perform work or undertake a task. KJV (19): (vf: Hiphil) content, please, would, taken upon me, began, assayed, willingly - Strongs: H2974 (יָאַל)

M) lia (איל AYL) AC: ? CO: Ox AB: Strength: Anyone or anything that functions as the "strong authority" is seen as the older ox. Such as a ram or stag deer (the strong leader of the flock or heard) , chief (strong leader of the tribe) , pillar (as the strong support of a building) , oak tree (one of the strongest of the woods) .

Nm) lia (איל AYL) - Strong One: Anyone or thing that functions with strength like an ox. This can be a ram or stag (as strong leaders) , chief, pillar (as the strong support of a building) , or oak tree (one of the strongest of the woods) KJV (197): ram, post, mighty, tree, lintel, oak, strength, hart - Strongs: H352 (אַיִל), H353 (אֱיָל), H354 (אַיָּל)

Nf1) elia (אילה AYLH) - Strong One: The feminine form of anyone or thing that functions with strength. KJV (8): hind - Strongs: H355 (אַיָּלָה)

Nf3) tflia (אילות AYLWT) - Strength: KJV (1): strength - Strongs: H360 (אֱיָלוּת)

mm) nlia (אילנ AYLN) - Tree: [Aramaic only] KJV (6): tree - Strongs: H363 (אִילָן)

pm) mlia (אילמ AYLM) - Arch: The arch is the strongest architectural design for an entry through a building or wall. KJV (15): arch - Strongs: H361 (אֵלַמָּה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 II. אָלָה verb swear, curse (compare I. אלה ? so Thes Lag Or ii. 3) —

Qal Perfect 1 Kings 8:31 ( = 2 Chronicles 6:22 all Vrss Th Bö Bä Kp reading וְאָלָה); אָלִית Judges 17:2; Infinitive absolute אָלֹה Hosea 4:2; אָלוֺת Hosea 10:4.

1 swear, take oath before God 1 Kings 8:31 ( = 2 Chronicles 6:22); in covenants Hosea 4:2; Hosea 10:4 (falsely).

2 curse Judges 17:2.

Hiph`il Imperfect וַיּאֶֹל 1 Samuel 14:24; Infinitive לְהַאֲלֹתוֺ 1 Kings 8:31 2 Chronicles 6:22 adjure, put under oath.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אָלָה I. prop. to be round; hence to be thick, fat; cogn. root אוּל (comp. especially אוּל abdomen, belly, Psalms 73:4). Arab. أَلِىَ to have fleshy buttocks, to have a fat tail (as a ram). Hence אַלְיָה.

II. denom. from אֵל (see the note on אֵל ).

(1) to swear; Arab. أَلاَ for أَلَوَ Conj. IV. V. prop. to affirm by God, 1 Kings 8:31 [Hiphil].

(2) to curse, Judges 17:2; Hosea 4:2.

(3) to cry out, to lament (Germ. Gotterbarmen, Gott um Erbarmen anrufen), Joel 1:8.

(I should not oppose the idea of this root being onomatopoetic, comp. יָלַל, אָלַל, and the signification which I have put in the third place would then be primary.)

Hiphil, to cause any one to swear, to bind him by an oath, construed with acc., 1 Kings 8:31; 2 Chronicles 6:22; 1 Samuel 14:24. Fut. apoc. וַיֹּאֶל from יֹאלֶה for יַאֲלֶה 1 Sa. l. cit. Derivatives אָלָה and תַּאֲלָה.

אָלָה f. (with Kametz impure, from אָלָה No. II., for אָאלָה and that for אַלְאָה, אַלְוָה; Arab. أَلْوَةُ, see Lehrg. 509.

(1) an oath. בּוֹא בְּאָלָה to enter into an oath, i.e. to bind oneself by oath, Nehemiah 10:30 hence הֵבִיא בְּאָלָה to bind any one by an oath, Ezekiel 17:13. Compare Virg Æn. iv. 339, hœe in fœdera veni. אָלָתִי “an oath imposed on me,” Genesis 24:41.

(2) a covenant confirmed by an oath, Genesis 26:28; Deuteronomy 29:11, 13 Deuteronomy 29:13; Ezekiel 16:59.

(3) imprecation, curse, Numbers 5:21; Isaiah 24:6, שְׁבֻעַת־אָלָה an oath joined with imprecations; Numbers 5:21. הָיָה לְאָלָה to become a curse, Jeremiah 44:12. נָהַן לְאָלָה to make to be an execration, Jeremiah 42:18. Plur. אָלוֹת curses, Numbers 5:23; Deuteronomy 29:11.

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List of Word Forms
אָל֥וֹת אָלִית֙ אָלָ֖ה אָלֹ֣ה אלה אלות אלית וַיֹּאֶל֩ ויאל לְהַֽאֲלֹת֑וֹ להאלתו ’ā·lāh ’ā·lîṯ ’ā·lō·wṯ ’ā·lōh ’ālāh ’ālîṯ ’ālōh ’ālōwṯ aLah aLit aLoh aLot lə·ha·’ă·lō·ṯōw ləha’ălōṯōw lehaaloTo vaiyoEl way·yō·’el wayyō’el
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