Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3867 - לָוָה
1) to join, be joined
1a) (Qal) to join, be joined, attend
1b) (Niphal) to join oneself to, be joined unto
2) to borrow, lend
2a) (Qal) to borrow
2b) (Hiphil) to cause to borrow, lend to
V) efl (לוה LWH) - Join: A joining together of people. Also the joining together through debt as the lender or borrower. KJV (26): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) join, lend, borrow, borrower, abide, cleave, lender - Strongs: H3867 (לָוָה)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) to adhere, to be joined closely to any one, Ecclesiastes 8:15, “it is good for a man to eat, to drink, to be merry, וְהוּא יִלְוֶנּוּ בַעֲמָלוֹ for this shall cleave to him (i.e. shall remain with him) in his labour.” Hence
(2) to borrow, to receive as a loan, as if nexus est, Deuteronomy 28:12; Psalms 37:21. Comp. the Lat. nexus, used of one whom his creditor took as a slave on account of debt, Varro, Ling. Lat. vi. 5; Liv. ii. 27; viii. 28.
Niphal, like Kal, No 1, to join oneself to any one, followed by עַל Numbers 18:2, Numbers 18:4; Daniel 11:34 עִם Psalms 83:9 אֶל Genesis 29:34 אֶל יְיָ to join oneself to Jehovah, Isaiah 56:3; Jeremiah 50:5 Zec. 2:15.
Hiphil, causat. of Kal, No. 2, to lend. Isaiah 24:2, כַּמַּלְוֶה כַּלֹּוֶה “as with the lender, so with the borrower,” Proverbs 22:7; Psalms 112:5. Followed by an acc. of pers., Deuter. 28:12, 44 Deuteronomy 28:44; Proverbs 19:17 followed by two acc. of pers. and thing, Exodus 22:24.
Derivatives לִוְיָה, לִוְיָתָן, לֹיָה for לוֹיָה, לְוָת; also לוּ, לוּא, and pr.n. לֵוִי.