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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #4743 - מָקַק

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to decay, pine away, rot, fester

1a) (Niphal)

1a1) to fester (of wounds)

1a2) to rot, rot away

1a3) to moulder away

1a4) to pine away

1b) (Hiphil) to cause to rot

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2704 ‑ καταφθείρω (kat‑af‑thi'‑ro);  4482 ‑ ῥέω (hreh'‑o);  4595 ‑ σήπω (say'‑po);  5080 ‑ τήκομαι (tay'‑ko);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (10)
Leviticus 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 3
Zechariah 3
NAS (16)
Leviticus 4
Psalms 1
Isaiah 2
Ezekiel 6
Zechariah 3
HCS (10)
Leviticus 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 3
Zechariah 3
BSB (10)
Leviticus 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 3
Zechariah 3
ESV (10)
Leviticus 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 3
Zechariah 3
WEB (10)
Leviticus 2
Psalms 1
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 3
Zechariah 3
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1295) qm (מק MQ) AC: Rot CO: Stink AB: ?: The pictograph m is a picture of water, the q is a picture of the sun at the horizon representing the gathering or condensing of light. Combined these mean "water condensed". During the summer months water holes begin to dry out and the organic matter that remains begins to rot and stink.

A) qm (מק MQ) AC: ? CO: Stink AB: ?: The stinking smell of rotting vegetation.

Nm) qm (מק MQ) - Stink: KJV (2): stink, rottenness - Strongs: H4716 (מַק)

B) qqm (מקק MQQ) AC: Rot CO: ? AB: ?: The rotting vegetation of a dried up pond.

V) qqm (מקק MQQ) - Rot: KJV (10): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil) pine, consume, corrupt, dissolve - Strongs: H4743 (מָקַק)

J) qfm (מוק MWQ) AC: Rot CO: ? AB: ?

V) qfm (מוק MWQ) - Rotten: KJV (1): (vf: Hiphil) corrupt - Strongs: H4167 (מוּק)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [מָקַק] verb decay, rot, fester, figurative pine away (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic (ᵑ7) מְקַק); —

Niph`al Perfect 3 plural נָמַ֫קּוּ Psalm 38:6, ׳וְנ consecutive Isaiah 34:4; Ezekiel 4:17; 2 masculine plural וּנֶמַקֹּתֶם consecutive Ezekiel 24:23; Imperfect 3 feminine singular תִּמַּק Zechariah 14:12; 3 masculine plural יִמַּ֫קּוּ Leviticus 26:39, יִמָּ֑קּוּ Leviticus 26:39; 3 feminine plural תִּמַּקְנָה Zechariah 14:12; Participle plural נְמַקִּים Ezekiel 33:10; —

1 fester, of wounds Psalm 38:6 ( + הבאישׁ, see באשׁ).

2 rot, rot away, עֵתנָיו תִּמַּקְנָה בְחֹרֵיהֶן וּלְשׁוֺנוֺ תִּמִק בְּפִיֶ˜הם ׃ Zechariah 14:12 (plague upon foes of Jerusalem).

3. moulder away, of צְבָא הַשָּׁמַיִם Isaiah 34:4 ("" וְנָנֹלוּ כַּסֵּפֶרהַשָּׁמַיִם.

4. of pining away by reason of (בְּ), as punishment for, iniquity Ezekiel 4:17; Ezekiel 24:23; Ezekiel 33:10; Leviticus 26:39 (twice in verse).

Hiph`il Infinitive absolute הָמֵק, transitive בְּשָׂרוֺ׳ה Zechariah 14:12 a causing his flesh to rot.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

מָקַק not used in Kal, to melt, to pine away, like the cogn. מָכַךְ, מוּךְ, מוּג, which see. In western stocks to this there appear to answer maceo, macer.

Niphal נָמַק.

(1) to melt, Isaiah 34:4, הַשָּׁמַיִם נָמַקּוּ כָּל צְבָא־ “all the stars of heaven shall melt,” i.e. shall fall melted, here compared by the poet to wax candles, as this image is well explained by Vitringa. [Most will regard this explanation as very strange.] Hence to flow, to run, Psalms 38:6, נָמַקּוּ חֲבוּרֹתָי “my turnours run with corrupt matter.”

(2) to pine, to pine away, of the eyes and tongue, Zechariah 14:12 of persons, Leviticus 26:39; Ezekiel 24:23, 33:10.

Hiphil חֵמֵק causat. to cause to pine away, Zechariah 14:12.

Derivative, מַק.

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List of Word Forms
הָמֵ֣ק ׀ המק וְנָמַ֖קּוּ וְנָמַ֙קּוּ֙ וּנְמַקֹּתֶם֙ ונמקו ונמקתם יִמַּ֙קּוּ֙ יִמָּֽקּוּ׃ ימקו ימקו׃ נְמַקִּ֖ים נָ֭מַקּוּ נמקו נמקים תִּמַּ֣קְנָה תִּמַּ֥ק תמק תמקנה hā·mêq haMek hāmêq nā·maq·qū Namakku nāmaqqū nə·maq·qîm nemakKim nəmaqqîm tim·maq tim·maq·nāh timMak timMaknah timmaq timmaqnāh ū·nə·maq·qō·ṯem unemakkoTem ūnəmaqqōṯem venaMakku wə·nā·maq·qū wənāmaqqū yim·maq·qū yim·māq·qū yimMakku yimmaqqū yimmāqqū
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