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Friday, June 14th, 2024
the Week of Proper 5 / Ordinary 10
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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2704 - καταφθείρω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2596) and (G5351)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to corrupt, deprave
    1. corrupted in mind
  2. to destroy
    1. to be destroyed, to perish
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1238 ‑ בָּקַק (baw‑kah');  2254 ‑ חָבַל (khaw‑bal');  4743 ‑ מָקַק (maw‑kak');  5034 ‑ נֵבֶל (naw‑bale');  7843 ‑ שָׁחַת (shaw‑khath');  8074 ‑ שָׁמֵם (shaw‑mame');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
2 Timothy 1
2 Peter 1
NAS (1)
2 Timothy 1
CSB (1)
2 Timothy 1
BSB (1)
2 Timothy 1
ESV (2)
2 Timothy 1
2 Peter 1
WEB (2)
2 Timothy 1
2 Peter 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. - φθερῶ Plu. 2.24o d:

1. destroy, bring to naught, στρατόν, πόλιν, ἔθνη, A. Pers. 345, S. OT 331, Pl. Lg. 697d, cf. Democr. 159; ἔργα νομήων Theoc. 25.122; κατέφθαρται ὄλβος A. Pers. 251; ἐπεὶ δέ χ' εἵκω οἴκαδις καταφθερείς in sorry plight, Epich. 35.13; - φθαρεὶς τὸν βίον Men. Epit. 429, cf. Raccolta Lumbroso 17 (iii B.C.); δένδρα -εφθαρμένα IG 9(2).1109.74 (Coropa, ii B.C.), cf. PMagd. 11.9 (iii B.C.), etc.

2. corrupt, τινα Plu.l.c.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

καταφθείρω: perfect passive participle κατεφθαρμενος; 2 future passive καταφθαρήσομαι; (see κατά, III. 4);

1. to corrupt, deprave; κατεφθαρμένοι τόν νοῦν, corrupted in mind, 2 Timothy 3:8.

2. to destroy; passive to be destroyed, to perish: followed by ἐν with the dative indicating the state, 2 Peter 2:12 R G. (From Aeschylus down.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κατα -φθείρω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7843 hi., Genesis 6:12, al.;]

1 to destroy entirely.

2. In moral sense (as LXX), to deprave, corrupt: pass. pf. ptcp., seq. τ . νο ν , 2 Timothy 3:8.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

καταφθείρω occurs in connexion with an accident to a corn-ship, where Steps are taken ὅπως ἂν μὴ καταφθείρηται τὰ πλοῖα ἐπὶ τῶν τόπων (P Magd 11.9—B.C. 221). For injury to persons, see P Petr II. 12(2).13 (B.C. 241) where a petitioner demands investigation into certain charges against her adversary—ἵνα μὴ τὸν πλείω χρόνον καταφθείρωμα [ι : cf. ib. 19 (1 b).2, a petition from a prisoner, συμ ]βῆι μοι καταφθαρῆναι ἐν [τῆι φυλακῆ ]ι, and PSI IV. 377.11 (B.C. 250–49) ἵνα μὴ ἐνταῦθα καταφθείρωμαι. From the inscrr. we may cite Syll 790.74 (i/ B.C.) ἐπεὶ τὰ ὑπάρχοντα [δ ]ένδρα. . . εἰσὶν κατεφθαρμένα, ὑπολαμβάνομεν δὲ ἀναγκαῖ [ον ] εἶναι κτλ. For the subst. see P Par 63.126 (B.C. 164) (= P Petr III. p. 28) τοὺς ἀνθρώπους ἐκ τηλι ̣κ ̣α ̣ύτης καταφθ (ο)ρᾶ [ς ] α ̣̓ρ ̣τ [ ]ως ἀνακτωμένους, ";the population just recovering from so great a distress"; (Mahaffy), P Tor I. 1iii. 8 (B.C. 117) διὸ ἀξιῶ ἐμβλέψαντα εἰς τὴν γεγενημένην μοι καταφθορὰν ὑπὸ ἀσεβῶν ἀνθρώπων. . συντάξαι κτλ., OGIS 339.5 (c. B.C. 120) τὴν ἀπαντωμένμν καταφθορὰν τῶν ἰδίων τοῖς ὑπὲρ τῆς πόλεως πρεσβεύουσιν ὑπολογιζόμενος.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καταφθαρήσεται καταφθαρήση καταφθαρήσονται καταφθείραι καταφθείρει καταφθείρη καταφθείρω καταφθοράν κατεφθαρμένη κατεφθαρμενοι κατεφθαρμένοι κατέφθειραν κατέφθειρε κατεφθείρετο katephtharmenoi katephtharménoi
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