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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2980 - λαλέω
- to utter a voice or emit a sound
- to speak
- to use the tongue or the faculty of speech
- to utter articulate sounds
- to talk
- to utter, tell
- to use words in order to declare one's mind and disclose one's thoughts
- to speak
1. talk, chat, prattle, ἕπου καὶ μὴ λάλει Ar. Ec. 1058, cf. V. 1135; ἡ μὲν χελιδὼν τὸ θέρος.. λαλεῖ Philem. 208; λαλεῖς.. ἀμελήσας ἀποκρίνασθαι Pl. Euthd. 287d: c. dat., talk to one, λαλῶν ἐν ταῖς ὁδοῖς σεαυτῷ Ar. Eq. 348; αὑτοῖς Philem. 11; πρὸς αὑτούς Alex. 9.10; λ. περί τινος Pherecr. 2, Ar. Lys. 627; ὑπέρ τινος Posidipp. 26.3; opp. λέγω, λαλεῖν ἄριστος, ἀδυνατώτατος λέγειν Eup. 95; λαλῶν μὲν.., λέγων δέ.. D. 21.118 (s.v.l.); λαλεῖν τι ἡμῖν ὅπως ἂν ἡμᾶς ὕπνος λάβῃ Thphr. Char. 7.10: hence, generally, talk, speak, S. Ph. 110 (v.l.for λακεῖν) ; καινὴν διάλεκτον λ. Antiph. 171; Ἀττικιστὶ λ. Alex. 195.4. c. metaph., ζωγραφία λαλοῦσα (of poetry), opp. ποίησις σιωπῶσα (of painting), Simon. ap. Plu. 2.346f.
2. talk of, τινα Alciphr. Fr. 5.2; ἀλλήλαις λαλέουσι τεὸν γάμον αἱ κυπάρισσοι Theoc. 27.58; ἅμαξαν Stoic. 2.92: — Pass., πρᾶγμα κατ' ἀγορὰν λαλούμενον Ar. Th. 578.
3. in later writers, = λέγω, speak, λαλεῖ οὐθὲν τῶν ἄλλων ζῴων πλὴν ἀνθρώπου Arist. Pr. 899a1: freq. in LXX, Genesis 12:4, al.; βασιλέως ἐναντίον Ezek. Exag. 118; πρός τινα Acts 3:22, cf. Luc. Vit.Auct. 3, etc.; περὶ τῆς λέξεως Phld. Po. 5.32, cf. Rh. 1.189 S., al.; χειρσὶν ἅπαντα λαλήσας, of a pantomime, IG 14.2124: abs., εἴ τι μὴ λίθος, τοὔργον, ἐρεῖς, λαλήσει Herod. 4.33, cf. 6.61; ἐλάλησεν ὁ κωφός Matthew 9:33 : — Pass., λαληθήσεταί σοι ὅ τι σε δεῖ ποιεῖν it shall be told thee.., Acts 9:6.
II chatter, opp. articulate speech, as of locusts, chirp, Theoc. 5.34; μεσημβρίας λαλεῖν τέττιξ (sc. εἰμί), a very grasshopper to chirp at midday, Aristopho 10.6; ἀνθρωπίνως λ. Strato Com. 1.46.
III of musical sounds, αὐλῷ λαλέω Theoc. 20.29; of trees, v.supr. 1.2; δι'[αὐλοῦ ἢ σάλπιγγος] λ. Arist. Aud. 801a29; of Echo, D.C. 74.14: also c.acc. cogn., μάγαδιν λαλεῖν sound the μάγαδις, Anaxandr. 35.
λαλέω , -ῶ ,
1. to utter: of inanimate things, Revelation 4:1; Revelation 10:4; metaph., Hebrews 11:4; Hebrews 12:24.
2. to talk, speak, say: absol., Matthew 9:33; Matthew 12:46, Mark 5:35, Luke 8:49; seq. ὡς , 1 Corinthians 13:11, Revelation 13:11; εἰς , 1 Corinthians 14:9; ἐκ , Matthew 12:34; c. acc rei, Matthew 10:19, Mark 11:23, John 8:30, al.; c. dat. pers., Matthew 12:46, Luke 24:6, Romans 7:1, al.; c. acc rei et dat. pers., Matthew 9:18, John 10:6, al.; c. prep., πρός , μετά , περί , Mark 6:50, Luke 1:19; Luke 2:33, al.; ἐν , ἐξ , ἀπό , Matthew 13:3, John 12:49; John 14:10, al.; λ . τ . λόγον , Mark 8:32, al.; seq. orat. dir. (not cl.), Mark 14:31, Hebrews 5:5; Hebrews 11:18; Hebraistically (Dalman, Words, 25 f.), ἐλάλησε λέγων , Matthew 14:27, John 8:12, Acts 8:26, al.
SYN.. see λέγω G3004.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In P Amh II. 131.6 (early ii/A.D.) a brother writes to his sister with reference to the management of certain family property, stating that he will remain where he is until he learns that all is safely settled, and adding—ἐλπίζω δὲ θεῶν θελόντων ἐκ τῶν λαλουμένων διαφεύξεσθαι καὶ μετὰ τὴν πεντεκαιδεκάτην ἀναπλεύσειν, ";but I hope, if the gods will, to escape from the talking and after the fifteenth to return home."; See also P Oxy I. 119.5 (ii/iii A.D.) (= Selections, p. 103) where the naughty boy writes to his father—ἢ οὐ θέλις ἀπενέκκειν μετ᾽ ἐσοῦ εἰς Ἀλεξανδρίαν, οὐ μὴ γράψω σε ἐπιστολήν, οὔτε λαλῶ σε, οὔτε υἱγένω σε εἶτα, ";if you refuse to take me along with you to Alexandria, I won’t write you a letter, or speak to you, or wish you health henceforth,"; P Fay 126.4 (ii/iii A.D.) ἤκουσα φίλου τοῦ πατρός μου λαλοῦντος περὶ σοῦ ὅτι πεμψεν (l. ἔπεμψεν) ἐπὶ τὴν πενθερά (l. –ράν) σου χάριν τοῦ κτήματος, ";I heard a friend of my father’s saying about you that be had sent a message to your mother-in-law about the farm"; (Edd.), BGU III. 822.18 (iii/A.D.) ἵνα εὕρωμεν καὶ ἡμῖς εὔλογον λαλῆσαι αὐτῇ, γράψον Κουπανηο ̣ῦτι ἐπιστολήν, and the magic P Lond 121.174 (iii/A.D) (= I. p. 89) a recipe against old women’s garrulity—γραῦν μὴ τὰ πολλὰ λα [λ ]εῖν. This last papyrus shows also the subst. λάλημα (LXX), .661 (= I. p. 105) φίλτρον ἐπὶ λαλήματος κατὰ φίλων. The above exx. all bear out the usual distinction that, while λέγω calls attention to the substance of what is said, the onomatopoetic λαλέω points rather to the outward utterance : cf. McLellan Gospels, p. 383 ff. and Milligan’s note on 1 Thessalonians 1:8. With λαλέω, ";I make known by speaking"; with the further idea of extolling, as in Matthew 26:13 al., cf. the inscr. with reference to a mother and brother—ὧν καὶ ἡ σωφροσύνη κατὰ τὸν κόσμον λελάληται (Archiv v. p. 169, No. 24.8). MGr λαλῶ (-έω), ";speak.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany