Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #5310 - נָפַץ
1) to shatter, break, dash, beat in pieces
1a1) to shatter
1a2) shattering (infinitive)
1b) (Piel) to dash to pieces
1c) (Pual) to pulverise
2) to scatter, disperse, overspread, be scattered
2a1) to be scattered
2a2) dispersed (participle)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
נָפַץ i.q. פּוּץ
(1) to break, to dash in pieces, e.g. an earthen vessel, Judges 7:19 Jerem. 22:28. Hence
(2) to scatter a flock, or a people, Isaiah 11:12.
(3) reflex. to disperse selves, to be dispersed (of a people), 1 Samuel 13:11 Isai. 33:3 Genesis 9:19, מֵאֵלֶּה נָֽפְצָה כָל־הָאָרֶץ “from these was all the earth dispersed,” i.e. the nations of all the earth dispersed themselves (comp. Genesis 10:5).-Besides the pret. it only occurs in the inf. absol. נָפוֹץ Judges 7:19, and part. pass. נָפוּץ Jeremiah 22:28. In imp. and fut. the verb פּוּץ is used (see Heb. Gramm. § 77).
(1) i.q. Kal No. 1, to break, or dash in pieces, an earthen vessel, Psalms 2:9 children against a rock, Psalms 137:9.
(2) to disperse, to scatter a people, Jeremiah 13:14, 51:23. Inf. נַפֵּץ subst. the dispersion of the Israelites amongst the countries of the Gentiles, διασπορά, Daniel 12:7.
Pual, part. broken in pieces, thrown down, Isaiah 27:9.
Derivatives מַפֵּץ, מַפָּץ, and
the Third Sunday after Epiphany