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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #6157 - עָרֹב

Root Word (Etymology)
from (H6148)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
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1) swarm

1a) probable meaning from ‘mixture’ and ‘incessant or involved motion’

Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (9)
Exodus 7
Psalms 2
NAS (11)
Exodus 7
Psalms 4
HCS (9)
Exodus 7
Psalms 2
BSB (9)
Exodus 7
Psalms 2
ESV (2)
Psalms 2
WEB (9)
Exodus 7
Psalms 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2573) bro (אהרב AhRB) AC: Mix CO: Market AB: ?: A mixture of wares as found in the market place.

V) bro (אהרב AhRB) - I. Barter:To exchange an item or service for another. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Mix:As mixing one thing with another. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Sweet:[Unknown connection to root;] KJV (34): (vf: Paal, Hitpael, Participle) surety, meddle, mingle, pledge, become, engage, intermeddle, mortgage, occupier, occupy, undertake, sweet, pleasure, pleasing, pleasant, mingle - Strongs: H6148 (עָרַב), H6149 (עָרַב), H6151 (עֲרַב)

Nm) bro (אהרב AhRB) - I. Woof:For the mixing of cords when weaving. II. Mixed: III. Sweet:[Unknown connection to root;] KJV (13): woof, mixed, sweet - Strongs: H6154 (עֶרֶב), H6156 (עָרֵב)

am) brom (מאהרב MAhRB) - I. Merchandise:What is used in bartering. II. Market:A mixture of wares for sale or trade. KJV (9): merchandise, market - Strongs: H4627 (מַעֲרָב)

cm) bfro (אהרוב AhRWB) - Swarm: As a mixture of insects. KJV (9): swarm, flies - Strongs: H6157 (עָרֹב)

df1) ebfro (אהרובה AhRWBH) - Barter: As an exchange for something else. KJV (2): pledge, surety - Strongs: H6161 (עֲרֻבָּה)

jm) nfbro (אהרבונ AhRBWN) - Token: Something given as a promise as an exchange. KJV (3): pledge - Strongs: H6162 (עֵרָבוֹן)

idf1) ebfrot (תאהרובה TAhRWBH) - Barter: What is used in bartering. KJV (2): hostage - Strongs: H8594 (תַּעֲרוּבוֹת)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 עָרֹב9 noun masculine Exodus 8:20 probably swarm ( mixture, from incessant, involved motion; Lag BN 112doubts); — of plague of stinging flies, coming in a swarm (see Di Ex) Exodus 8:17 (twice in verse) + 5t. 8(J), Psalm 78:45; Psalm 105:31.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

עָרֹב m., a species of fly, gad-fly, very troublesome to persons; so called from sucking (blood); see the root No. I. 6; Exodus 8:17, seqq.; Psalms 78:45, 105:31. LXX κυνόμυια, dog-fly, which is described by Philo, who supposes its name to be from its boldness, De Vita Mosis, t. ii. p. 101, ed. Mangeii. Almost all the Hebrew interpreters understand it to be a collection of noxious beasts, as if a miscellaneous swarm (from ערב in the signification of mixing); and so Aqu. πάμμυια; Jerome, omne genus muscarum; Luth. allerleh Ungeziefer but עָרֹב must denote some particular creature, as is all but manifest from the passage, Exodus 8:25, 27. Oedmann (Verm. Sammlungen II. p. 150) understands blatta orientalis; called in Dutch and German Kakerlacke; but which is a creature that rather devours things than stings men; contrary to the express words of Exodus 8:17.

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List of Word Forms
הֶ֣עָרֹ֔ב הֶעָרֹ֑ב הֶעָרֹ֔ב הֶעָרֹ֗ב הֶעָרֹֽב׃ הערב הערב׃ עָ֭רֹב עָרֹ֑ב עָרֹ֣ב ערב ‘ā·rōḇ ‘ārōḇ aRo he‘ārōḇ he·‘ā·rōḇ heaRo
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