the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #637 - אַף
1) also, yea, though, so much the more
2) furthermore, indeed
Nm) pa (אפ AP) - I. Nose:The nose and nostrils when written in the plural form. II. Anger:The flaring of the nostrils in anger. III. Moreover:Greater in addition to something else in the sense of passion. [Aramaic only] KJV (297): anger, wrath, face, nostrils, nose, angry, before, also, even, yet, moreover, yea, with, low, therefore, much - Strongs: H637 (אַף), H638 (אַף), H639 (אַף)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 very rare in plain prose (in which גַּם is more usual): Genesis 40:16* (*with pronoun, as rather often) I also in my dream, Numbers 16:14; Deuteronomy 2:11*; Deuteronomy 2:20* 2 Samuel 20:14 (see Dr) 2 Kings 2:14 * Esther 5:12; more frequently in poetry, especially as introducing emphatically a new thought Deuteronomy 33:3,20,28; 1 Samuel 2:7; Psalm 16:6; Psalm 16:7; Psalm 16:9; Psalm 18:49; Psalm 65:14 they shout for joy, yea, they sing! Psalm 68:9; Psalm 68:17; Psalm 74:16; Psalm 89:28 Psalm 1; Proverbs 22:19* Proverbs 23:28* +; or in more elevated prose style, Leviticus 26:16*; Leviticus 26:24*; Leviticus 26:28*; Leviticus 26:41*; and 25t. in the impassioned rhetoric of Isa2 ( Isaiah 40:24-48:15), e.g. Isaiah 40:24; Isaiah 41:10,26; Isaiah 42:13; Isaiah 43:7,19; Isaiah 46:11 yea, I have spoken, I will also bring it to pass; I have purposed, I will also do it! Isaiah 48:12,15. Implying something surprising or unexpected, even, indeed Job 14:3; Job 15:4*. וְאַף and also Leviticus 26:39,40,42,44; Deuteronomy 15:17; Habakkuk 2:15; Psalm 68:19; 1 Chronicles 8:32* = 1 Chronicles 9:38* 2 Chronicles 12:5* Nehemiah 2:18; Nehemiah 13:15; and even Job 19:4 וְאַףאָֿמְנָם שָׁגִיתִי and even indeed (if) I have erred . . . With הֲ, הַאַף indeed . . .? really . . .? Genesis 18:13,23wilt thou indeed sweep away the righteous with the wicked? Genesis 18:24; Amos 2:11; Job 34:17; Job 40:8. In contrast to a preceding thought (expressed or implied) but, nay ( imo) Psalm 44:10; Psalm 58:3; compare Judges 5:29*.
2 (Equally in prose and poetry) with reference to a preceding sentence, yea, à fortiori, the more so (= how much more! after an affirm. clause; = how much less! after a negative one): 2 Samuel 4:10f. when one told me, Saul is dead . . . I took hold of him and slew him . . . ׳אַף כִּיאֲֿנָשִׁים רְשָׁעִים הָרְגוּ וג à fortiori, how much more (should I do so when wicked men have slain a righteous person, etc.! Ezekiel 14:21 (Ew Hi) Ezekiel 15:5; Proverbs 21:27 (in all these passages כִּי = when) Job 4:19. So וְאַף 1 Samuel 23:3; 2 Kings 5:13 . . . וְאַף כִּיאָֿמַר אֵלֶיךָ and the more (= and how much rather), when he hath said to thee, etc. More commonly in this sense strengthened by כִּי (q. v.), see below
1 furthermore Ezekiel 23:40; Habakkuk 2:5 (Ges quin imo, quin etiam).
2 in a question, indeed (is it) that . . .? Genesis 3:1 אַף כִּיאָֿמַר אֱלֹהִים indeed, that God has said . . .? i.e. has God really said . . .? (compare הַאַף above).
3 with reference to a preceding sentence (which is often introduced by הֵן or הִנֵּה), yea, that . . .! i.e. how much more (or less) ! Proverbs 11:31 lo, the righteous is recompensed in the earth ַאֹף כִּי רָשָׁע וְחוֺטֵא 'tis indeed that (= how much more) the wicked and the sinner! Proverbs 15:11; Proverbs 17:7; Proverbs 19:7,10; Job 9:14; Job 15:16; Job 25:6; 1 Samuel 14:30; 1 Kings 8:27 (= 2 Chronicles 6:18) lo, the heavens . . . cannot contain thee אַ֕ף כִּי הַבַּיִת הַזֶּה 'tis indeed that this house (cannot do so), i.e. how much less this house! 2 Chronicles 32:15. So וְאַף כִּי Deuteronomy 31:27; 1 Samuel 21:6 (perhaps; but see RS Semitic i. 436 Dr Sm 293) 2 Samuel 16:11. (In Job 35:14 (Hi De) Nehemiah 9:18 אַף כִּי is simply = yea, when . . .)
אפד (existence & meaning dubious Thes MV and others identify with אָפַד gird on, but this denominative see below; Lag BN 178; Genesis 1890, p. 15 proposes , come as ambassador, as √ of אֵפוֺר).
אַף conjunction also (Biblical Hebrew אַף; Egyptian Aramaic, Palmyrene אף (S-C Pap. Lzb224); ᵑ7אַף, ᵑ7 J also אוֺף; Syriac ; — also, alwlays וְאַף Daniel 6:23; Ezra 5:10,14; Ezra 6:5.
אַף Ch. also, Daniel 6:23.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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